Notes

- It is preferable to wait a few minutes as a precaution after the timings of the dawn and sunset prayers.

- As for Imsak (the moment of abstaining from eating and drinking), it is preferred to be ten minutes before dawn, while it is a recommended precaution to wait for the disappearance of the eastern redness before Iftar (the moment of breaking the fast).

Dawn: It is when the sun reaches 18 below the horizon to the east. The dawn stands for the true dawn that occurs upon the horizontal appearance of the whiteness in the horizon after being a vertical light.

Sunrise: It is the appearance of the first sunray above the horizon.

Sunset: It is the disappearance of the disc of the sun behind the horizon.

Al-Isha (evening): It is when the sun reaches 18 below the horizon to the west

Midnight: It is the mid-time between sunset and dawn

The disappearance of the eastern redness: It is estimated to be after the disappearance of the disc of the sun by about 13 minutes.