By: Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadlullah (ra)
Translated by: Ghassan RimlawiIn the Holy Quran, God starts His talk with His Prophet (p.) several times by the word "say".
He is actually trying to draw the attention of the people to the importance of the issue being raised. Thus, He commands His Prophet(p.) to talk as if he is asking for a personal demand.
We read, for example His saying: “O My Lord! Increase me in knowledge, Allah, The Most Exalted, asks His Prophet to pray and ask God to increase his knowledge so that it will be a constant operation that rises from one level to another”.
This means that the believers in their search for knowledge should not stop any level, but they should always seek to increase their knowledge, since knowledge and science raise the level of man and enable him to understand the entire universe, thus cementing his relations with God.
In the verses, we are going to review now, Allah, The Most Exalted, takes His Messenger to the Hereafter. He asks him to ask Allah, not to put him with the wrong-doers who will face Allah's wrath and end in hell, It is natural that the Prophet (p.) who is infallible and who represents justice and who is utterly against any form of wronging, could not in any way be with those who wrong others. It is rather a way by which Allah is telling the people through His Prophet, not to wrong others or support those who do.
“Say: My Lord! If those should make me see what they threatened with, will you show me the fate of those who wronged themselves by wronging others and deviating from the Islamic line that would lead them to hell?”
"My Lord"! Then place me not with the unjust" do not make me join them in their actions and let me be away from their community. "And verily, we are well able to make you see what we threaten them with. It is as if Allah wants to tell the people, that if you choose to be unjust, you will face the same fate the wrong-doers.
Then Allah, The Most Exalted, guides His Messenger (p.) to the way he should act with those who stood against the Message "Repel evil with that which is best".
He is telling him that you are but a caller who warns and brings glad tidings.
Thus you should open up your mind and heart to all. Do not be violent with those who do not accept your message. Try to open up their minds to truth and their hearts to good. Guide them to what ensures their success and their salvation. If they offend you with a word or act repel with what is best, whether a word or an act; the best words the best means.
This is your task and this is your role. "We know what they describe". We know what they hide and what they show but your role is that of a messages.
"And say: O, My Lord I seek refuge in you from the suggestions of the Shitans”. The Devil cannot come to the Prophet (p.) or has access to him, for he is infallible. But when Allah talks to the Messenger, He is talking through Him, to all callers to the Right whom the Devil can try to deviate through certain points of weakness in their personality.
Thus the callers and those who work for the cause of God, have to ask for Allah's support to overcome Satan's attempts to be present near them. "And I seek refuge with You my Lord, lest they be present with me".
Then Allah, The Most Exalted, talks about the wrong doers, and the unbelievers who follow Satan instead of following Allah. Those who live long and do what they do, but then when they die and see how the believers go to Paradise and how the unbelievers will go to hell, they will see the truth before their very eyes and say: "send me back to life in order that I may do good in that which I have left".
“O God, give me another chance, to do good and deserve your satisfaction and earn your Bliss.By no means! It is but a word he says. Before them is a Partition till the Day they are raised up”. But these are only words they say that are baseless.
Then when the Trumpet is blown, there will be no more relationships between them that Day, nor will one ask after another. Such relations are insignificant on that day.
Then those whose balance (of good deeds) is heavy - they will attain salvation: “But those whose balance is light, (By bad deeds) will be those who have lost their souls, in Hell will they abide”.
The fire will burn their faces, and they will therein grin, with their lips displaced. And Allah will say to them: “Were not My Signs rehearsed to you, and ye did but treat them as falsehood”.
They will say: "our Lord! Our misfortune overwhelmed us, and we became a people astray. We have chosen this deviated way.
“Our Lord! Bring us out of this: if ever we return (to Evil), then shall we be wrong-doers indeed!"
He will say: "Be ye driven into it (with ignominy)! And speak ye not to Me! It is too late. I will not speak to you, and you have to face the consequences of your deeds.
Then Allah talks about their relations with the believers: A part of My servants there was, who used to pray our Lord! We believe; then do Thou forgive us, and have mercy upon us: For Thou art the Best of those who show mercy!"
But ye treated them with ridicule, so much so that (ridicule of) them made you forget My Message while ye were laughing at them!
I have rewarded them this Day for their patience and constancy: they are indeed the ones that have achieved Bliss..." And you see what their fate is and what is yours.
Dear Beloved: This chapter of the Quran asks each and every one of us to think about the time we will meet God in the Hereafter. The day we will be held accountable for our deeds: “Read your book; your own self is sufficient as a reckoner against you this day “; the day that no children or money will help, except our good deeds. Let us keep away from the oppressors and the wrong doers, so as to earn God’s satisfaction, and ensure our place in Heaven.
* The aforementioned is an edited Friday sermon.