Respecting treaties and covenants in Islam
Fadlullah:We respect all treaties and covenants , but we
ask the world to be committed to them too, lest we will have to
treat them in the same way ,The west has been neglecting even
the laws it itself has formulated when it finds that it no
longer serves its interests.
his weekly seminar the following question: How do you
view, in the light of Islam, the issue of keeping one's
The Religious Authority, Sayyed
Muhammad Hussein Fadlullah, said:
Islam has been distinguished by
its great concern towards respecting covenants and agreements
between social groups.
It gave it a kind a sanctity, as
it considered it a criterion for piety and belief.
Allah, the most Exalted, says :O
ye who believe! fulfill (all) obligations.
He also described the Muslims as
those who are faithful to their trusts and their covenant.
And urged the Muslim not violate
the terms of pledges or covenants. and keep the covenant. Lo! of
the covenant it will be asked.
That is why, we saw the
Messenger(p.) urging believes to honor the terms of the
contracts they make. He said that Muslims honor the terms of
their contracts. The only restriction for this is that it should
not violate what Allah (s.w.t) has deemed lawful or prohibited.
One of the contracts that one
should abide by its terms is the visa he obtains to visit other
countries. This visa is a contract which Muslims should abide
by. Its provisions include, as we have always said, that the
Muslim who immigrates to origin country should be a good guest.
He should neither harm its citizens nor violate the general
order and law in the country including that of traffic
communications, transport… etc. He should also refrain for any
act that could lead directly or indirectly to any aggression on
the social or economic security of the country.
Another binding contract is that
concluded between different social groups and maintains the
relations between them in the framework of a certain social and
Another important contract is
that between the rulers and the ruled peoples, for one of the
major responsibilities of the rulers is to abide by the law and
Heads of political parties too
have certain responsibilities towards their follow party
members. They have to protect their right in active and real
participation, or in having a different opinion.
Religious scholars also have
certain obligations towards the nation they have signed a
contract with: To work for the pride and unity of this nation
and to adhere to the line of justice regardless of all the
sufferings and persecutions it might cost them.
As for inter-state relations,
Islam respects all international treaties and covenants that aim
at protecting man form injustice, and respecting the humanity in
him. It supports the oppressed in an effort to establish
justice. In this respect, the Messenger praised a covenant that
was conclude in pre-Islamic times ( Al-Foudoul). For it was
based on supporting the wronged. He even said that had he been
asked to take part in he would have accepted.
But, as we ask our societies and
states to respect international covenants, we would like the
others to respect them too, whether those made with the Arab and
Muslim communities living abroad or with the Arab and Muslim
states. If they violate these treaties it calls for treating
them in the same way in accordance to the Quranic rule that
says: as long as they are true to you, be true to them.
Nevertheless, this world is not
governed by treaties and covenants, but rather by the balance of
force. The powerful formulates the law that corresponds to its
own political interests. Moreover, he neglects the laws that he
had formulated if they no longer serve his interests. And this
has been clearly demonstrated in all the coups the CIA had
orchestrated in our courtiers, as well as the dictatorships it
instituted to serve its goals and interests. It was also
demonstrated in the war on Iraq in which the UN was used as an
Then the American Administration
ignored the UN itself, and relied on the twisted laws that was
fabricated by the American political mind , sinking the region
and the world in a stage of violence and destruction just
because this is what suits its interests.
In the light of this on-going
international injustice towards our causes, we are afraid that
they are trying to establish the Israeli occupation and
terrorist acts as a norm, even if it harms the entire region,
since the Israeli security so demands. And if a change in
strategy is required they will turn into a strategy of sectarian
civil strife, so that we can self destruct ourselves to serve
the Israeli interests .I am thus afraid that the demand of
disarming the resistance might be removed, and replaced by other
strategies like engaging these arms in civil strife, especially
with the sectarian education that is flourishing nowadays, in
which, oddly enough, the Arab media is playing a role that does
not suggest that it is committed to the responsibility of
protecting the nation.
O people, officials, and
religious scholars, be pious and fear Allah, in what you say or
do. You should hasten to protect our Arab and Islamic lands, and
diffuse the mines America and Israel are planting in, before our
cause will be lost in our feud over the relative shares that has
been going or for decades and centuries without getting but
scraps, as well as a state of partition and loss.