How does Islam fight the role of Myth in
social and political life ?
his weekly seminar the following question: How could we
confront the problem of the spread of Myth in our society? How
does Islam view this problem? And did it set the basis for this
confrontation, whether in the myth’s religious roots, or its
social and political manifestation?
The Religious Authority, Sayyed
Muhammad Hussein Fadlullah, said:
Islam has focused on the mind as a
fundamental value and as an essential criterion in the field of doctrine
and faith to open up on knowing God, the most exalted, and believing in
the Hereafter. God also wanted the mind to be the primary filter that
purifies the cultural legacy and keeps the movement of thought within the
scientific and objective framework.
Thus, we believe that there is a strong
association between myth and ignorance. Wherever ignorance spreads, myth
would flourish. Conversely, a society that adopts scientific methods will
abandon myth, or at least restrict it to narrow and besieged circles.
It is true that the unseen represents a
part of our belief, but only in the issues that are related to God and
the Hereafter. As to what concerns this world, God wants us to act in
accordance to the universal laws whose causes and effects could be
discovered and benefited from.
There is another reason of the spread of
myth in our societies that has to do with the political and social
deterioration that inflicted the nation, as a result of the role of
colonialism and arrogance in making the nation ignorant and backward.
Colonialism even fought any source of creativity or academic achievement
in our nation, and encouraged myth, leading to the deterioration of the
entire nation, and to accepting the culture of deviation, including the
colonial projects and plans.
On the other hand, Islam has vehemently
fought all sources of myth including magic, soothsaying and fortune
telling. The Prophet(p.)’s reaction to the belief in myth is crystal
clear. When the sun eclipsed on the same day his son, Ibrahim, died,
and the people associated between the two events, the Prophet(p.) is
known to have said: “The sun and the moon are two of God's Ayats, that do
not eclipse for the death of any human being".
We also have to realize that in addition
to the forms of popular and political myths that grow in our society,
there is another myth that the West, especially the Americans, are trying
to impose on us. They want us to believe that all our problems and
sufferings are a result of our concepts and our religion. They want us to
relinquish our religion and substitute it with the new religion they are
proposing: It is a religion that poses as a democracy while it is
actually a dictatorship that is concealed by some big political
There is a major political myth that the
US President is trying to convince those whose minds are small. He talks
about Lebanon as a model for democracy to suggest to the world that he is
the one who made it, while everyone knows that Lebanon since it was
established is a unique case in the region in that it thrives on
political freedom and that it is vulnerable to all kinds of change
whether from the West or the East.
But at the same time, we warn that we are
living a kind of political myth that made the majority of Lebanese deal
with the political and sectarian symbols who have proved to be a failure
as a destiny, they can do nothing about. This is probably because the
Lebanese did not try to institute change as a unified people but rather
as sects. Had they done so do they would have been able to change the
corrupt situation, and punish those who committed the crime of making the
country a farm for others, and who are still striving to accomplish what
the arrogant powers want, away from the true spirit of independence and
the dictates of true patriotism.
We all have to call on the new Lebanese
generations that are concerned about their future to engage in a new
political and social contract that besieges the failures and rejects the
sectarians, thus paving the way for the birth of an open Lebanese
mentality that confronts political social and religious myth… A mentality
that will make Lebanon one of the world's rejecting fronts of all kinds
of tutelage , and any claim of mercy that might carry nothing but
torture and death.