Morals is an individual and social value that involves every aspect of life.
Asked in his weekly seminar the following
How does Islam view the issue of
The Religious Authority, Sayyed Muhammad
Hussein Fadlullah, said: Morals
constitute a big problem that demonstrates the gap between man and what
he believes in. The presence of many ideas and attitudes leads him to
believe that what the Messages or human thought came up with is embodied
in what certain individuals or groups who held this thought practiced.
These individuals will then turn into role models that others follow in
all aspects of life.
Based on this phenomenon, some would wonder why
the religious scholars lay emphasis on the ethical problems and not the
To answer this, we should define the meaning of
morals in man's life to establish that it is not confined to a narrow
aspect of our life, and that it involves all aspects of life including
the social, political economic and military ones.
Morals in Islam represent one of the major
goals Islam came to establish on earth. Prophet Muhammad said: I was sent
to complete sublime morals.
The word “morals” has to do with the nature of
the individual or social behavior towards oneself, the others, the
nation, the homeland and life as a whole.
Therefore, it is the set of behavioral rules
that is followed by a group of people in a certain time period.
Therefore, by definition, it is one of the
major concerns of the Heavenly messages that came to lead man from
darkness to light.
On this basis we approach morals from this
universal view that includes all human behavior in war and peace, in
government, politics and economy.
When we say that treason is an unethical act,
we include every form of betrayal whether to one's spouse, to one's
country, to one's beliefs and commitments, including that of the ruler to
his people and the people to their causes. Such a definition of treason
is not merely ethical, but it is also ,and to a large extent, a social
We believe that defending the causes of the
masses in the face of a corrupt rulers, or those who rob the public
money, and even those rulers who give empty promises that enable them to
continue to infringe on the peoples rights and plunder their wealth is as
ethical and religious act. It is not only legitimate from and Islamic
point of duty. It is also a duty being one of the goals of Islam that
came to establish justice and end oppression and wronging.
Therefore, we believe that the significance of
the role of religious scholars or the vanguard lies in building the inner
self of man so that it will reflect itself on his practical life.
We have seen in our history and in the present
how many faithful believers men and women, adhered to the right and were
not affected by the various temptations that tried to deviate them. Those
people were able to holdfast to their values and principles, because
their religious morals provided them with a solid internal force that is
not affected by any strong wind.
But this does not mean that all religious
treatments of the issues of morals are correct. Some of them might adopt
a backward approach represented by focusing on the idealistic principles,
and by limiting themselves to the private daily life of the individuals,
and consequently isolating ethics from life itself.
We reject such attitudes because they freeze
thought instead of stimulating it, and because they might well be
responsible for the wrong ideas some people have concerning religion.
They also create a gap between theory and
practice. Consequently, we have always stressed that those active in the
Islamic project or in any movement of change should be contemporary in
dealing with the problems and in trying to find solutions. They should
not resort to picking up certain elements of our heritage and try to
project them on the existing realities without actually on understanding
their implications or studying the reality they live in.
We, in Lebanon and in most or our Arab and
Muslim states, suffer from a big problem represented by political
immorality and incredibility, to the extent that any official can free
himself of, or ignore, his national commitments and responsibilities
without being afraid of judicial or popular accountability. Thus politics
have turned into a gambling game or an adventure whose price is often
paid by the nation as a result of the state of weakens it produces.
We listen to many voices that call for not to
antagonize others, but what about antagonizing our own countries and
nation? Why do not they demand that we should be in harmony with our
causes that entail that we should liberate ourselves from Israel and the
tutelage states, which we are asked to listen to their advice at the
expense of our independence dignity and freedom.
We have to be credible and act according to
what our values, in both Islam and Christianity, imply. Political
morality that should control our behavior impels us to stand with the
freedom of our country and its internal unity in the face of Israel and
all those who wish to incite internal strife in Lebanon.