The Islamic View towards the Political System
Sayyed Fadlullah: The reconciliation should inspire the Lebanese to establish a system based on citizenship and qualification, and that leads to the state of institutions.
Asked in his weekly seminar the following question:Many believe that the problems that Lebanon suffers from are a result of the section system. Do you agree? And what is the Islamic view towards this system?
The Religious Authority, Sayyed Muhammad
Hussein Fadlullah, said:
preserving general security one of its top priorities, to the
extent that is preferred an unjust ruler, to the state of chaos.
Moreover, we believe that the legitimacy of any ruler stems from
this general security.
To those who try to
present a distorted picture concerning the Islamic conception of the
political system, we call on them to study the Islamic concepts and
rulings before jumping into judgment.
We believe that Islam
did not present one fixed formula... In addition to the concept of
Zimma system whom many have tried to distort, it presented the
concept of the charter (Muahada) in which all people, regardless of
their race or religion, are equal in rights and duties under the
Based on this
conception of equality of all citizens regardless of their religious
identities, we have declared our rejection of the sectarian system
that not only perpetuates internal injustice, and deals with the
citizens as members of sects or tribes but also because it provides,
with the political gabs it creates, an opportunity for the foreign
powers in incite internal strife, and enables one of the sects to
dominate, not because they want to defend this sect but because this
creates additional strife in the future, or because such a
development promotes the interests of these powers.
That is why we notice
the unhealthy movement of the ambassadors in Lebanon especially the
American ambassador and some of the Europeans. These ambassadors,
far from being diplomats have turned into rules whose impact in the
Lebanon political life hinders the conducting of any dialogue
between the Lebanese.
They are creating an
atmosphere of suspicion and hatred that deepens the existing
divisions and creates a foundation for a new unstable period, at a
time we need to create an atmosphere of natural trust and total
frankness to defuse the existing mines, and to put off the fires
that several officials are igniting by their inciting statements.
We believe that all
Lebanese, have seen the negative impact of the interference of
regional powers in their affairs, and having accepted the demands of
certain international powers, ought to sit down and conduct a
dialogue that would enable them to benefit from the new window of
opportunity to reach a true national reconciliation. Such a
reconciliation should stem out of the sufferings of the Lebanese
that should inspire them to establish a system based on citizenship
and qualification, and that leads to the state of institutions that
the texts have instituted but that the leaders have led us away