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Al-fidyah

Date: 10/06/2016 A.D - H

Fidyah is the compensation given by someone who has not fasted for a valid reason; it may become obligatory for another reason; the details are as follows:

634.The fidyah is obligatory in the following cases:

a- The male or female elderly and the excessively thirsty person who did not fast because it is very difficult, not because it is impossible or harmful to them.

b- The breastfeeding or pregnant woman who is at the end of her pregnancy and near to giving birth and the breastfeeding woman who has little milk if fasting may be harmful to the embryo or the baby being breastfed.

c- Whoever has delayed the qadha’ of the previous month of Ramadan until the next Ramadan arrives, whether out of complacency or the inability to do so, or if this is due to the continuation of the illness (which prevented him from fasting the previous Ramadan); even if he was able to fast then he fell ill or travelled and this continued until the next Ramadan arrived, as an obligatory precaution.

635. If the illness that prevented fasting and its qadha’ lasted for years, the fidyah is obligatory at the end of every year in which the person could not fast for Ramadan or carry out the qadha’ for that, even if this continues all his life. However, if he delayed the qadha’ of one Ramadan for several years, only one fidyah is obligatory and that is at the end of the first year when he delayed the qadha’ until the second.

636.The amount of fidyah for one day is three quarters of a kilogram for feeding one poor individual; however one and a half kilos is better.

637. If the pregnant woman who is at the end of her pregnancy and near to giving or the breastfeeding woman did not fast out of fear of harm to the newborn and delayed the qadha’ until the next Ramadan arrived, she must pay two fidyahs: one because she did not fast, fearing for her child, and the second for delaying the qadha’.

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