Translated by: Manal Samhat
Following are common questions regarding the duty of pilgrimage, and they are answered according to the Fatwas and jurisprudential opinion of His Eminence, the late Religious Authority, Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadlullah (ra):
Q: Why was Tawaf-un-Nisa’ named as such?
A: It is named as such because sex for the one who is in a state of Ihram, be he male or female, does not become lawful again except after performing Tawaf-un-Nisa’. The term Nisa’ (women) was used her for rhetorical reasons.
Q: Can someone who has a tattoo perform pilgrimage?
A: Having a tattoo does not hinder performing this act of worship.
Q: How can we live the spiritual atmospheres of pilgrimage? How can we prepare ourselves for pilgrimage?
A: Pilgrimage is the path towards Allah, as it is narrated by Imam Ar-Rida (a.s.) and it is the Jihad of the weak that purifies man’s sins and makes him return as if he is born again. Thus, we ought to prepare ourselves for it by invoking Allah for forgiveness, repentance, honest intention, fulfilling the rights of Allah and people on us, performing the rites and duties of pilgrimage well as ordained by Allah and continuously mentioning Allah, so as to experience the atmospheres of worshipping Him and seeking Him and only Him.
Q: Should we say a special phrase when we want to recite the intention to perform pilgrimage on behalf of someone else?
A: No, but one has to add to the recital of intention that the pilgrimage is due on behalf of so and so, whether a recommended Hajj or an obligatory one.
Q: Why was not pilgrimage legislated for non-Muslims?
A: The reason is that non-Muslims do not believe in pilgrimage, knowing that pilgrimage was legislated for all people and not only the Muslims, for Allah says: “And pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon men for the sake of Allah,” (03:97), and: “And proclaim among men the Pilgrimage,” (22:27). Thus, the people who accepted Islam have consequently accepted pilgrimage, and those who rejected Islam have consequently rejected pilgrimage.
Q: Is it obligatory to perform Tawaf around the Ka’aba every time the pilgrim steps into Al-Masjid Al-Haram?
A: This is not obligatory, but recommended.
Q: For what parts of Umra duties should I perform ablution (Wudu’)?
A: You should not perform ablution for all the Umra duties; but rather, only for the Tawaf and the Tawaf prayer.
Q: What are the most important advices and recommendations to the pilgrims in their trip to the House of Allah?
A: Every pilgrim, be he male or female, ought to be aware that he is the guest of Allah; thus, he ought to be in the utmost level of faith and morality, and he ought to collect as much provisions as he could from these sacred places. He also ought to look after his fellow Muslims and believers, especially the poor. He should also avow Allah that he will continue to follow the path that leads to His pleasure and satisfaction, and that he will perform pilgrimage once again, if he would become able to do so.
Q: What is the ruling regarding the woman’s Ihram clothes that are beaded with a white color?
A: Women should not wear a special outfit for Ihram and they can perform pilgrimage wearing their ordinary clothes.
Q: Is it permissible to prostrate on the carpets in the Mosque of the Prophet?
A: It is not accepted to prostrate on the carpets, except in cases of hardship.
Q: What is the ruling regarding the congregational prayer around the Ka’aba when the one led in prayer becomes in front of the Imam leading the prayer in the opposite direction of the Ka’aba?
A: The prayer is deemed valid.
Q: Is sacrificing an animal (by slaughtering it) obligatory in the pilgrimage?
A: Indeed, sacrificing an animal is obligatory on the day of the Eid in Hajj-ut-Tamattu’.
Q: Should a woman wear the Ihram clothes as those of men when she intends to perform Ihram?
A: The woman has no special clothes for Ihram, so she can perform Ihram in her ordinary clothes.
Q: What is the ruling regarding doubting the number of Tawaf rounds that one has performed?
A: All the rounds are deemed invalid and one ought to start all over again.
Q: Is it permissible for the man to wear socks while he is in a state of Ihram in the pilgrimage?
A: It is impermissible for man to cover the top of his feet by wearing socks or others.
Q: Which is better: performing Ihram from the Miqat or Ihram according to a vow (Nidhr) taken?
A: Performing Ihram from the Miqat is more preferable, knowing that it is accepted to perform Ihram according to a vow and not from the Miqat if the former brings about more hardship than Ihram from the Miqat.
Q: Is it permissible for the son to perform the duty of pilgrimage on behalf of both his dead parents at the same time?
A: It is only permissible to perform it on behalf of one parent; each at a time.
Q: I can afford going to the pilgrimage, but my father is not letting me, is pilgrimage still obligatory in this case?
A: It is an obligatory duty as long as you can afford going to the pilgrimage, even if your father refuses to let you go, knowing that you are not considered to have sinned if you go against his will.
Q: I did not know before about [the necessity of performing] Tawaf-un-Nisa’, is my marriage valid or not?
A: The validity of the marriage contract has nothing to do with performing Tawaf-un-Nisa’; but rather, not performing Tawaf-un-Nisa’ nullifies the permissibility of making sex for a couple. However, if the contract was concluded whilst being in a state of Ihram, it is deemed invalid.
Q: What are the best supplications to be read when performing Tawaf and Sa’y?
A: One can recite any supplication he likes, and he can take along with him a book of supplications.
Q: Is it permissible to look at the Ka’ba when performing Tawaf? When we reach the Black Stone, should we touch it without looking at it, or are we allowed to look at it? What is recommended in this case?
A: It is permissible to look at the Holy Ka’ba when performing Tawaf, and it is recommended to put your hand on the Black Stone and look at it, whilst taking into consideration the terms of Tawaf.
Q: In the Umra, while I was performing Tawaf, I tried to stay between Ar-Rukn and the Maqam; however, due to the jamming, I only completed three rounds in that area and I performed the remaining rounds outside the Maqam, what is the ruling regarding my Umra?
A: Your Umra is valid, for according to the opinion of the late Religious Authority, Sayyed fadlullah (ra), it is permissible to perform Tawaf outside Maqam Ibrahim (a.s.), even when no hardship is included.
Q: Is it permissible for he who is in a state of Ihram to use soap if it had no beautiful scent?
A: It is permissible for he who is in a state of Ihram to use scentless soap, for it is impermissible to use a scented soap whilst being in the state of Ihram.
Q: Is it permissible to borrow money to perform the duty of pilgrimage?
A: This is permissible and it is considered as valid, provided that the pilgrim repays the money he borrowed.
Q: Is it permissible for a woman to pray in front of men in Al-Masjid Al-Haram?
A: Yes, it is permissible.
Q: What is the ruling regarding performing pilgrimage having the intention of worshipping Allah and working in trade at the same time?
A: This is acceptable, for Allah says: “That they may witness advantages for them and mention the name of Allah during stated days… Then let them accomplish their needful acts of shaving and cleansing, and let them fulfill their vows and let them go round the Ancient House,” (22:28-29); however, it is preferred that the believer devotes himself for the worship of Allah, by making this intention prevail over all other intentions.
Q: What is the ruling regarding applying oil and the like on the body and hair during Ihram, especially if it has a smell?
A: It is absolutely forbidden, whether it has a smell or not.
Q: Is pilgrimage obligatory on the blind? Is it permissible for the blind to make one perform pilgrimage on his behalf, if he is financially able?
A: The blind should perform pilgrimage if he is physically and financially able, even if he had to take someone along with him if he can. However, if he could not perform pilgrimage on his own, he can ask someone to perform pilgrimage on his behalf.
Q: What is the reason behind performing Ihram from the Miqat? How were these places determined for concluding the intention of Ihram?
A: Perhaps, the reason is to be fully-prepared, spiritually and psychologically, when one arrives at the House of Allah and enters into its safe haven. It is a religious duty. It was the Messenger of Allah (p.) who determined these places and made them obligatory on those who want to perform Umra or pilgrimage.
Q: Is it permissible for women to stand in front of the men or side by side with when performing prayers in the House of Allah (Al-Masjid Al-Haram)?
A: It is permissible for the woman to pray side by side with the man and in front of him, even if no necessity demanded so.
Q: What is the atonement (Kaffara) that ought to be paid for smelling aromatic things while being in the state of Ihram?
A: If one smells them intentionally whilst knowing that this is forbidden, then he is considered to have sinned and the atonement is slaughtering a sheep or a goat.
Q: What is the ruling regarding taking a rest and drinking some water while performing the rounds of Sa’y?
A: This is permissible, and it does not affect the Sa’y in any way.
Q: Is it permissible to take a loan for performing the duty of Umra or pilgrimage. Will the duty be valid and accepted?
A: One is not obliged to take a loan to perform Umra or pilgrimage; however, if he does take a loan, provided that he can pay it back, then it is deemed valid.
Q: What is the ruling if the woman wears her earrings while in the state of Ihram?
A: It is permissible for the woman to wear the jewelry, which she used to wear before Ihram, during Ihram provided that she does not show them to her husband or other Mahram or non-Mahram men.
Q: Does having the price of the animal that ought to be sacrificed during Hajj one of the terms of the ability to perform Hajj or is it enough to be able to fast?
A: The condition of having the price of the animal to be sacrificed ought to be met.
Q: In what age does it become forbidden on the boys and girls to enter into Holy Mecca except in the state of Ihram?
A: The forbiddance of entering Mecca is restricted to adults; however, it is recommended that the guardian of the child who has not reached puberty, if he/she is not discerning yet, encourages him/her to perform Ihram by dressing him/her with the Ihram clothes and help him/her recite the Talbiyah if possible; if not the guardian can perform the Talbiyah on his/her behalf. As for the discerning child, he ought to do that by himself.
Q: What is the time elapse that is permissible for the pilgrim to have between his Tawaf and the prayer, if there is much crowdedness that might prevent one sometimes from performing the prayer immediately?
A: One should not perform the prayer immediately after he ends his Tawaf as long as this does not contradict with the chronological sequence, for it is acceptable if the pilgrim takes some time to find a place to pray, or needs time to perform Wudu’ or drink from the water of Zamzam.
Q: Should one perform Tawaf and Sa’y directly after each other?
A: This is not necessary, keeping in mind that the Sa’y should not be postponed to the following day.
Q: What is the ruling if a woman performs pilgrimage on behalf of her sister, whether she is alive or dead?
A: It is permissible for the woman to perform pilgrimage on behalf of both men and women, be they relatives or strangers, dead or alive, provided that the one on behalf of which she is performing pilgrimage is physically unable to perform this obligatory duty.
Q: We always hear that when man performs the duty of pilgrimage, Allah will pardon him and He will efface all his sins except the right of his fellow human due on him, is this true? Would Allah forgive him for all the religious duties he has failed to perform? What are the things that Allah forgives man for during pilgrimage?
A: Although Allah forgives man for his sins, he will not be exempted from fulfilling the rights of Allah and the people due on him; thus, he ought to perform the duties he has failed to perform.
Q: What is the ruling if one wears the Ihram clothes over his underwear and fulfills the requested deeds?
A: He ought to pay the Kaffara (atonement) of wearing sewed clothes, if he did so intentionally, and nothing is due on him if he did so out of ignorance or forgetfulness.
Q: Which is better: Hajj-ut-Tamattu’ or Hajjul-Ifrad?
A: When it comes to the recommended pilgrimage, Hajj-ut-Tamattu’ is better.
Q: What is the ruling if the woman wears socks while in the state of Ihram, and is it necessary to wear them while performing Tawaf in the presence of much crowdedness?
A: It is not obligatory on women to wear socks in this case, unless it is the only way for preventing foreigners from touching them.
Q: Is it permissible to redo Tawaf if one gets out of the line due to crowdedness?
A: It does not invalidate Tawaf, if crowdedness makes one turn towards or away from Al-Ka’ba for a few steps, although it is better to redo the round considering that this is what may be required.
Q: What is the ruling of praying the Maghrib and Isha’ prayers in Arafat out of fear of not being able to perform them on time in Muzdalifa?
A: It is permissible, as it is not obligatory to perform the Maghrib and Isha’ prayers in Muzdalifa, but only recommended.
Q: To undo Ihram, is it feasible to choose the animal or should it be slaughtered? And is it permissible to slaughter the animal in the pilgrim's home country and not in Mina or the area around it?
A: It is enough to choose the animal for sacrifice to end the Ihram by shaving or cutting one's hair. It is not feasible to slaughter the animal in the pilgrim's home country. Rather, it should be slaughtered in Mina or the areas around it, if it could not be slaughtered in Mina itself.
Q: What is the ruling if one throws two pebbles wrongly on the day of the Eid, knowing that he had already returned from the pilgrimage trip?
A: His pilgrimage is deemed valid, and the following year he ought to ask someone to throw the pebbles on his behalf, if he, himself, did not go to the pilgrimage again.
Q: Is it permissible to comb the hair after wearing the Ihram clothes?
A: Combing, in itself, is permissible, unless it makes the hair fall; thus, it becomes impermissible, knowing that as a precaution, it is preferred to forsake combing since it could be considered a kind of ornament.
Q: Is it permissible to pay atonement (Kaffara) instead of buying an animal to be slaughtered?
A: This is impermissible, knowing that you can pay the money for someone to buy the animal to be sacrificed, slaughter it and distribute the meat among the poor.
Q: Is it permissible to eat the meat that is bought as a Kaffara?
A: This is impermissible, for pilgrimage atonements should be paid to the poor.
Q: Is it permissible for the woman to go through the crowd to reach the Black Stone?
A: If this leads to [involuntary] unlawful touching, and most likely it would, or to the removal of the head cover, then it is impermissible.
Q: If certain parts that ought to be covered by the man or the woman were revealed when performing Tawaf, does this invalidate the Tawaf?
A: If this happens, the Tawaf will not be invalidated, and one should hasten to cover what was revealed when he notices it.
Q: Is the Eid Prayer deemed obligatory or recommended?
A: It is obligatory only if the infallible Imam is present; if not, it is recommended. In such a case, it could be performed either individually or in congregation, noting that it should be performed in congregation if it is obligatory.
Q: How to perform the Eid Prayer?
A: The Eid prayer is composed of two Raka’s. The worshipper would first recite his intention, and then say Allahu Akbar (Takbir). Then, he should recite Al-Fatiha followed by another Surah, and then say Allahu Akbar (Takbir) followed by a supplication (Qunoot). He has to repeat the Takbir and Qunoot five times, and then bow and make the two prostrations. By this, he would have completed the first Raka’. The second Raka’ is performed in the same way, except that the Takbir and Qunoot are repeated four times. Then, the worshipper has to bow and prostrate, recite Al-Shahada and perform Taslim.
There is no Adhan or Iqamah in this prayer, and it is recommended to say, instead of the Adhan, “As-Salat” three times. This prayer could be performed from sunrise until noon.
Q: In Sururah Hajj (Pilgrimage of Islam), is shaving the head completely a duty or is it enough to shorten it?
A: It is not obligatory. One can choose either to shave his head completely or shorten his hair, knowing that shaving is better. Moreover, one is considered to have shaved his head, if he does it with a machine and not necessarily a blade.
Q: Is it permissible to throw Al-Aqaba Jamra on the night of the 10th of Thul-Hijja because one has to work the next day within the framework of a Hajj mission?
A: You should throw it during the day.
Q: Is it permissible to perform the duties that should be performed in Mecca before the Wuquf at Arafat and the Wuquf at Muzdelifah, whether it is necessary or not?
A: If there is no excuse for doing so, then as a precaution, it is impermissible; however, if there is an excuse, as in the cases of women, elderly and the sick, then it is permissible out of fear of delaying the deeds.
Q: Is it permissible to sell the skin of the sacrificed animals and give out its price as an almsgiving to the poor?
A: It is impermissible to sell the skin of the slaughtered animal, yet you can give it out to the poor to sell it and benefit from the money.
Q: What is the ruling if one is financially capable of performing pilgrimage, yet he does not as a result of the obstacles created by the authorities?
A: If one cannot go to the sacred lands to perform pilgrimage due to the obstacles placed by some states, he is deemed incapable of performing pilgrimage for the said year. If, in the next year, he remains financially capable to perform pilgrimage the following year, he has to perform the duty of pilgrimage; if not, it is not incumbent on him.
Q: I am financially capable of performing pilgrimage, but my father will not let me, is pilgrimage obligatory in this case?
A: Since you are capable of performing pilgrimage, it is incumbent on you, even of your father does not agree, knowing that if you go against his will in this case, you are not considered to have sinned.
Q: Is it permissible for one to pay money and have someone mediate for him to get a higher chance to go to pilgrimage? What is the ruling of the pilgrimage duty of he who does so?
A: This is permissible, if it does not harm others, and his pilgrimage is valid in any way.
Q: Is it permissible to perform pilgrimage on behalf of several dead persons?
A: If it is a recommended pilgrimage, then it is acceptable to perform pilgrimage on behalf of several persons; if not, i.e. it is obligatory, then it is permissible to perform it on behalf of one person only.
Q: Am I allowed to perform Umra Mufrada on behalf of living people, such as my wife and others, without being charged with that?
A: You are allowed to do so as a personal initiative and even if they did not charge you with that.
Q: Should one perform Tawaf around the House every time the pilgrim steps into the Holy Mosque?
A: It is not obligatory, it is recommended.
Q: I want to perform pilgrimage on behalf of my disabled mother; should I make the intention of Tawaf An-Nisa’ on behalf of myself or her?
A: You should make the intention on her behalf considering Tawaf An-Nisa’ as part of the pilgrimage, since if man wants to perform pilgrimage on behalf of someone, he should make the intention of all the parts of the pilgrimage on behalf of that person. In any case, when one makes Ihram whether on behalf of himself or others, sexual relations with women will become forbidden and they will not be Halal again unless he performs Tawaf An-Nisa’.
Q: Is it permissible to conclude the Ihram for Al-Umra Al-Mufrada from outside Al-Masjid Al-Haram, or should one be outside the borders of Mecca.
A: One should go back to Adnal Hil (the nearest points to the area of the Holy Mosque where Ihram can be worn and its Niyyah can be made).
Q: Is it permissible to take a loan to perform the duty of pilgrimage?
A: This is permissible, and it is considered as the pilgrimage incumbent on every Muslim provided that one can pay the loan back.
Q: Should the elder son perform pilgrimage on behalf of his deceased father, if he is financially and physically able?
A: This is not obligatory only on him or from his own money; rather, it is a duty that ought to be financed from the inheritance before distributing it among the inheritors, even if the deceased has not included in his will this duty, provided that in his lifetime he was able to perform pilgrimage yet he did not, whether for a certain excuse or as an act of disobedience.
Q: Why do not non-Muslims perform pilgrimage?
A: The reason is that non-Muslims do not believe in Islam which made pilgrimage a religious duty, knowing that pilgrimage was legislated for all people and not only for the Muslims, for Allah says: “And pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon men for the sake of Allah,” (03:97), and: “And proclaim among men the Pilgrimage,” (22:27). Thus, the people who accepted Islam have consequently accepted pilgrimage, and those who rejected Islam have consequently rejected pilgrimage.
Q: Does the tattoo hinder performing the duty of pilgrimage?
A: Having a tattoo does not hinder performing this act of worship.
Q: I intend to perform pilgrimage this year; however, due to my high level of hormones I am always in a state of Istihada, what should I do in this case?
A: There is no problem in that, for you can perform pilgrimage normally by performing the acts incumbent on the woman who is in a state of Istihada by taking into consideration the rulings of Istihada, whether little, medium or heavy.
Q: Someone donated a sum of money to me to perform pilgrimage; however, I have some debts I have to repay to some people, should I perform pilgrimage by this money or use it to pay my debt back?
A: If the money was a donation to you to perform pilgrimage, then you ought to perform pilgrimage with it and not to pay back your debt.
Q: Where should the one coming to Mecca through Jeddah perform Ihram?
A: If he is not to pass through any of the Miqats (sites designated to perform Ihram), then he can perform Ihram in Jeddah and enter Mecca in a state of Ihram.
Q: If one owns a certain sum of money that is enough either to perform pilgrimage or get married, and he prefers getting married in the meantime, which of the two should he perform?
A: If spending the money to cover the pilgrimage costs delays his marriage, and this delay imposes certain hardships on him, then he ought to perform marriage before pilgrimage.
Q: What are the steps and things the one who intends to perform Hajj ought to do before going?
A: He should write his will including the acts of worship he had not performed, if he fears that he will die before actually performing them. Moreover, he should pay all the [religious] money that is incumbent on him, such as Khums, or the loans he owes to the people and he ought to pay back, if he can afford paying them back; if not, he ought to seek the forgiveness of the people to whom he owes the money, knowing that if he does not, his pilgrimage would not be invalidated; however, he would be considered to have sinned for his slackening and negligence.
Q: Is it acceptable and enough to mark the animals to be sacrificed or should they be slaughtered as a condition? Is it acceptable to slaughter them back in the pilgrim’s homeland instead of Mina or the area designated for slaughtering?
A: It is enough to mark the animal even if not in a specific way for ending the state of Ihram by shaving the entire hair or shortening it. Moreover, it is not acceptable to slaughter the animal back in the pilgrim’s homeland; rather, they should be slaughtered in Mina or in any place of the pilgrimage rites, if it cannot be done in Mina.
Q: Should one pay Khums due on him before going to the pilgrimage?
A: He should pay Khums if it is due on the money he has not spent for a year to fulfill his needs and affairs, regarding both the money designated for the Hajj and any other sum of money he has.
Q: Does Allah accept the Umra of he who forsakes his prayers?
A: If his Umra meets all the required conditions, then it is accepted; however, it is narrated that: “Verily the pillar of religion is the prayer. It is the first thing to be considered from amongst the deeds of man, so if his prayer is valid, the rest of his deeds will be considered, and if his prayer is void, then the rest of his deeds will not be taken into consideration,” and Allah says: “Allah only accepts from those who guard (against evil),” (05:27), in the sense that not accepting it signifies that one receives only little rewards for it and not that it is not valid.
Q: What is the ruling if one performs the Maghrib and Isha’ prayers in Arafah fearing not being able to perform them on time at Al-Mish’ar (Muzdalifah)?
A: This is acceptable and it is not obligatory to perform the Maghrib and Isha’ prayers in Muzdalifah, yet it is recommended if there is a possibility.
Q: What is the ruling regarding applying oil to the skin while in a state of Ihram, especially if it scented?
A: It is absolutely forbidden to apply oil to the skin while in a state of Ihram, be it scented or not.
Q: If someone entered Mecca without concluding Ihram, whether out of ignorance or intentionally, and then he wanted to conclude Ihram for Umrat- ut-Tamattu’ or Al-Umra Al-Mufrada, is his Ihram from At-Tan’eem for example deemed valid?
A: If he had already passed by a Miqat on his way to Mecca, then he ought to return to it to perform Ihram; if this is not affordable, then he can conclude Ihram from Adnal Hil (the nearest points to the area of the Holy Mosque where Ihram can be worn and its Niyyah can be made). Had he not passed by a Miqat on his way to Mecca, then he does not have to go to a Miqat, just as he was not charged with doing so from the onset of his journey; rather, he should conclude Ihram from Adnal Hil.
Q: Is it permissible for the one who is in a state of Ihram to perform Tawaf on behalf of others before performing it on behalf of himself, whether in the Tawaf of Umra or Tawaf-un-Nisa’?
A: This is impermissible, as a precaution.
Q: What is the ruling if one wants to perform pilgrimage and engage in a trade at the same time?
A: This is acceptable, for Allah says: “That they may witness advantages for them and mention the name of Allah during stated days… Then let them accomplish their needful acts of shaving and cleansing, and let them fulfill their vows and let them go round the Ancient House.” (22: 28-29). However, the overwhelming intention of the believer should be to perform the act of worship and to be totally devoted to Allah.
Q: What is the ruling if the pilgrim prostrated during his Tawaf prayer on what he should not normally prostrate on, and now he is back in his country?
A: If he was excused in doing so, because he had to adopt Taqiyya, then his prayer is deemed valid; however, the location of the Tawaf prayer is not furnished with carpet; but rather, it is a rock that one is allowed to prostrate on in reality; thus, he ought to repeat this prayer, even if in his homeland.
Q: I owe someone a little money, but I have not been able to pay it back yet. My husband has decided that we should perform the duty of Hajj, but he does not know about my debt. Does this debt invalidate my Hajj? And should I perform another one in the future?
A: Your Hajj is valid and you do not have to repeat it later.
Q: Until when the one performing Tawaf can delay performing the prayer demanded after Tawaf if there is much crowd that hinders sometimes the ability to perform the prayer instantly?
A: One does not have to perform the prayer instantly after finishing Tawaf provided that he does not change the chronological order of things. If one took some time to find a spot for praying, then this is acceptable, and so is the case of he wants to perform Wudu’ or drink Zamzam water.
Q: What is the reason behind shortening the hair (Taqseer)?
A: Shortening the hair or shaving it entirely resembles purifying one’s soul from the sins and removing any filthiness from the heart, as in removing the hair off the body.
Q: Allah says: “Let there be no intercourse nor fornication nor quarrelling (engaging in an angry debate) amongst one another in the Hajj”, so why are Islamic debates held there?
A: What is meant by the quarrelling here is that which does not create and incite problems, as when some swear by Allah’s Name on what is false and not true. Imam As-Sadiq (a.s.) used to sit in the Holy Mosque and receive the non-believers who would ask him if Allah exists and about the necessity of unifying Him, and they would all engage in a quarrel. Actually, one of the goals of pilgrimage is to discuss the issue of Islam; yet, it is forbidden to turn such discussions into personal opinion regarding the discussed matter, as when some swear by the name of Allah that the issue went on in this way or the other. This kind of personal debates is forbidden, as for debating for establishing the right, it is one of the biggest goals of Hajj.
Q: Is there any relation between paying Khums and performing pilgrimage?
A: It is impermissible, in the first place, to deal with the money dedicated for Khums whether to pay for pilgrimage or to fulfill any other needs. Nevertheless, the validity of pilgrimage is violated if the Ihram clothes are bought by the money dedicated for Khums. If this was the case, then it might invalidate his Tawaf.
Q: Is giving out the one third of the sacrificed animals distributed as a gift obligatory or recommended?
A: It is obligatory if feasible.
Q: Is purity a term preconditioned when performing Wuquf (standing) at Arafah and Muzdelifah and staying overnight at Mina?
A: Purity is only a condition when performing Tawaf and the prayers.
Q: Is it permissible for the woman to cut the others’ hair short?
A: The Mukallaf (pilgrim) does not have to cut his hair short by himself. He is allowed to let others do that for him provided that they are not among his Mahrams.