By: Bayynat editor
“The Messiah, son of Mariam is but a messenger; messengers before him have indeed passed away; and his mother was a truthful woman.” (5:75)
He is the Messiah Issa, son of Mary, the last Children of Israel prophets. His name is Joshua, or Jesus, also described as the promised and expected deliverer of the Jewish people in accordance to John 4:25,26: “The woman said, “I know that Messiah” (called Christ) “is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us, Then Jesus declared, “I, the one speaking to you-I am he.”
He is also called son of Mary in relation to his mother Mary, daughter of Imran: “Such is Isa, son of Mariam; (this is) the saying of truth about which they dispute.” (19:31) In Hebrew, his name is “Joshua” meaning the savior, and in the bible he is called Jesus.
He is a servant and apostle of Allah and his word, which he communicated to the Virgin Mary, the pure and chaste lady: “and she accepted the truth of the words of her Lord and His books, and she was of, the obedient ones.”(66:12) Her father was Imran, a great man and a venerable scholar of “the children of Israel” scholars, and his wife was the mother of Mary.
Mary, her birth and the guardianship:
Imran, father of Mary, was a great man of the children of Israel. He had gotten older along with a barren wife who did not beget him a child. She prayed to Allah that if He granted her a son, she would devote this son to Allah’s obedience and serve his sacred house. Allah responded to her prayer and bestowed upon her Mary whom she called on Allah to guard her and her chastity from Satan’s temptations “So, when she brought forth, she said: My Lord! Surely I have brought it forth a female-- and Allah knew best what she brought forth-- and the male is not like the female, and I have named it Mariam, and I commend her and her offspring into Thy protection from the accursed Shaitan.” (3:36)
Imran died when Mary was still a child. She needed someone to take care of her. When her mother presented her to the temple’s pastors, they differed in opinion and then cast their lots. The draw was on Zakariya who was appointed as her guardian and took up a sanctuary to which no one had access but him.
The story of Zakariya was similar to that of Imran whose wife grew old and was barren. So, he prayed to Allah to grant her a son so that she can resume the mission, whom he used to communicate, and after he saw the miracles as he entered on Mary, and the emergence of corruption among his people. So, Allah responded to his prayers and gave good news to him of a boy called “O Zakariya! Surely We give you good news of a boy whose name shall be Yahya: We have not made before anyone his equal.” (19:7) This astonished Zakariya knowing that he is only an old man whose wife is barren “He said: O my Lord! When shall I have a son, and my wife is barren, and I myself have reached indeed the extreme degree of old age?” (19:8)
Zakariya, this virtuous believer, has directed Mary in a righteous worship direction. But once as he walked into the Sanctuary, he saw something that astonished him. He found sustenance that he did not bring to her. Therefore, this sustenance must have come from a certain source, as Mary indicated “So her Lord accepted her with a good acceptance and made her grow up a good growing, and gave her into the charge of Zakariya; whenever Zakariya entered the sanctuary to (see) her, he found with her food. He said: O Mariam! Whence comes this to you? She said: It is from Allah. Surely Allah gives to whom He pleases without measure.” (3:37)
Mary: the worship, the gospel of a (newborn) child:
Mary was raised in the Sanctuary where she kept on worshipping until she grew up to the age of a woman. There emerged on her the signs of piety, chastity, and purity, and angels gave her the good news about her purity, sincerity, and that she is being the lady of the women of the world. The angels urged Mary to devote herself assiduously to worshipping, kneeling, prostration and obedience “And when the angels said: O Mariam! Surely Allah has chosen you and purified you and chosen you above the women of the world. O Mariam! Keep to obedience to your Lord and humble yourself, and bow down with those who bow.”(3:42-43)
The angels gave Mary the good news of a word. Not a word of some letters, but a fully spirited word that represents the will of Allah in creation. The is by the Divine Command “Be” that can turn a word into a human being called “Issa” the son of Mary (a.s). The word messiah means the blessed or the king just as interpreters of the Holy Koran suggest: “When the angels said: O Mariam, surely Allah gives you good news with a Word from Him (of one) whose name is the Messiah, Issa son of Mariam.” (3:45)
Mary has endowed herself as a custodian to the temple, and she worshiped Allah there in isolation. Once, as she was as such, Gabriel (a.s), the angel, came to her in the form of a human, so as to feel at ease with him. When she saw him she thought that he is a human who wants to harm her, and she is chaste and pure “Then We sent to her Our spirit, and there appeared to her a well-made man.” (19:17) She started to move away fearing he may do harm to her especially that she is in a place where there is no savior or helper. She said “She said: "I seek refuge from thee to (Allah) Most Gracious: (come not near) if thou dost fear Allah.”(19:18) The angel replied with calm and assurance “He said: I am only a messenger of your Lord: That I will give you a pure boy.” (19:18)
Mary was astonished and surprised with what Gabriel is saying when he gave good news to her about the boy since she is a virgin who has not yet gotten married and who had never gone astray. She is the chaste virgin who has never entered the realm of sins “He said: Even so; your Lord says: It is easy to Me: and that We may make him a sign to men and a mercy from Us, and it is a matter which has been decreed.” (19:21)
Mary conceived soon after Gabriel breathed into her. After this, imaginations started to hover in her mind about what people might say about this. She became confused and decided to seek isolation away from people “So she conceived him; then withdrew herself with him to a remote place.” (19:22)
“And the throes (of childbirth) compelled her to betake herself to the trunk of a palm tree.” She found out that this a tough situation that she cannot put up with. She raised a call for help after she felt fear, especially that people do not realize the meaning of divine miracles. She thought that her reputation in her society will be threatened and so will her dignity and position “She said: Oh, would that I had died before this, and had been a thing quite forgotten!” Gabriel came down to calm her down and assure to her that only Allah is the guarantor to her and her sustenance. He signaled to her to shake the trunk of the palm tree, which had no fruits on, so that ripe dates would fall down on her, then she would eat with good appetite and drink from a creek that was streaming underneath her “Then (the child) called out to her from beneath her: Grieve not, surely your Lord has made a stream to flow beneath you; And shake towards you the trunk of the palm tree, it will drop on you fresh ripe dates: So eat and drink and refresh the eye. Then if you see any mortal, say: Surely I have vowed a fast to the Beneficent Allah, so I shall not speak to any man today. “(19:24-26)
Then Virgin Mary came out of her isolation after delivery. Her emergence with the newborn was a surprise to all those who know her piety and worship. They accused her, but she held fast to Gabriel’s instructions and kept silent. And She pointed at her newborn child to talk to them, but their anger was heightened. But Issa (a.s.) reined in their anger and talked to them about his mother. He absolved her from the charges they imputed on her saying: “Surely I am a servant of Allah; He has given me the Book and made me a prophet; And He has made me blessed wherever I may be, and He has enjoined on me prayer and poor-rate so long as I live; And dutiful to my mother, and He has not made me insolent, unblessed; And peace on me on the day I was born, and on the day I die, and on the day I am raised to life.”(19:30-33)
In this way, Issa (a.s.) introduced himself to the people who denied his mother’s state. Despite that, there have been differences about the story of his birth “Such is Issa, son of Marium; (this is) the saying of truth about which they dispute.” some people claimed that he was the son of Allah or that Allah has taken him as a son in spite of the fact that Allah is Self-sufficient, and does not need any one “It beseems not Allah that He should take to Himself a son!” (19:35)
Issa (a.s.) confronted this opinion and called on people to worship Allah and asserted servitude to Him “And surely Allah is my Lord and your Lord, therefore serve HimSo submit to Him and answer His commands and keep away from His forbidding in all aspects of life in order to lay the foundations of the right and to walk on the straight path “this is the right path.” (19:36)
The disciples also had doubts about Issa; they also had great differences about, who was crucified . Was he Issa the Messiah or Yahuza (Judas)? Because when Yahuza guided them to Issa’s place, he asked the Jews to enter ahead of them and there was no one in that place except Issa (a.s). And when Allah threw resemblance (to Issa) upon him and raised Issa to the heavens, the Jews entered and found only one person (Yahuza), whom Allah cast resemblance to Issa upon . They said: this is Issa, but where is our friend? And if he were our friend, then where is Issa? So, they took him to be crucified while he was shouting I am Yahuza, I am not Issa. But they were laughing at him while saying “you are lying, you are Jesus (Issa)”. So, they crucified him while being in the midst of doubt, confusion, and differences.
The Holy Koran responded to the Jews, just as it did to the Christians, and indicated the right faith, which Muslims embrace, that is the sound judgment in the issue of crucifixion and ransoming “And their saying: Surely we have killed the Messiah, Issa son of Mariam, the messenger of Allah; and they did not kill him nor did they crucify him, but it appeared to them so (like Issa) and most surely those who differ therein are only in a doubt about it; they have no knowledge respecting it, but only follow a conjecture, and they killed him not for sure. “Nay! Allah took him up to Himself; and Allah is Mighty, Wise.”(4:157-158)