The First Sermon
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the
No problem with celebrating the New Year
Nothing wrong in celebrating the New Year. This
is the last day in 2004, and the world will start a new year
tomorrow. On such occasions, and when we celebrate a new year,
whether the one that starts with the birth of Jesus Christ (p),
God's Word and Messenger (p.), or that starts with the
Messenger(p.)’s migration to Medina to institute the Islamic state,
we emphasize that we do celebrate both occasions. God talked about
the miracle in Christ's birth just as He talked about the Prophet's
journey when those who disbelieved expelled him, he being the second
of the two, when they were both in the cave, when he said to his
companion: Grieve not, surely Allah is with us. So Allah sent down
His tranquility upon him and strengthened him with hosts which you
did not see, and made lowest the word of those who disbelieved; and
the word of Allah, that is the highest; and Allah is Mighty, Wise.
We, as Muslims, do not have anything against celebrating these
two accessions, since we believe in God, His books, His messengers,
His Angels and the Day of Judgment. This is the Advantage of Islam:
it believes in all messengers, while the Christians do not believe
in Muhammad (p.)’s message and the Quran as a revealed Book and the
Jews do not believe in either Christ or Muhammad.
The Muslims in contrast believe in all books and all messengers.
How to make the future.
Thus, we are against celebrating the Christian New Year, but we
call on the Muslims not to forget the Hijri calendar. Since it
embodies the history of Islam… You live with the Prophet's journey
to Medina to remember how he fought for his cause and he was plotted
and conspired against. Then you live with all what happened with
Muhammad (p.) in Medina, and then all the developments the Muslims
encountered throughout their history. This is very important,
whether in itself or as a guide for making the future, since all
Muslims are responsible, generation after generation, to make a new
Islamic history in the call for Islam and for insuring the strength
and conserving the dignity of Muslims.
Let us be responsible in our joy
How do we say good-bye to an ending year and welcome a new one?
Some might adopt a traditional consuming approach in which they
ignore what happened to them in the past year and what they are
going to expect in the coming one. But when a year ends, it means
that we have lost a year and that a whole year of our life has died…
We die in retail and not as a wholesale. We are born everyday in the
morning and then die when we go to sleep; that is why we read in a
supplication that by Imam Zein Al-Abidein:
I thank You for awakening me from my sleep, for had it been Your
will, You would have made it eternal.
Moreover, we ought to bear our responsibilities in the coming
year as we did in the previous. That is why do not preoccupy
yourselves with having fun, as many do in this night, drinking up
until you are no longer conscious of what is going on around you as
many do in believing this might would make them happy. It is but an
illusion in which you delude yourself. On the other hand we want
people to be joyful and happy but in a responsible way.
We want them to be happy because Allah has given them a new life
and a new chance to attain His satisfaction by obeying Him. Let the
New Year be an opportunity for you to think of what you are going to
do in the coming year… Think about your nation; what victories and
defeats did it have in the year that is about to end and how it will
increase its victories and try to cut short its losses.
The year’s balance
All major companies and banks live a state of emergency of the
end of year when they try to audit their accounts to obtain an
annual budget showing their gains and losses.
We too have to do the same thing concerning our relations with
God and the people… We ought to study where we went wrong and what
to do to avoid them in the future..
We also have to study our balance sheet in our relation with God
and with our nation.
This is a fresh, new day, over us a ready witness. If we do good,
it will take leave from us with praise, and if we do evil, it will
part from us in blame. O God, bless Muhammad and his Household,
provide us with the day's good companionship and preserve us against
parting from it badly by doing a misdeed or committing a sin,
whether small or great!
Make our good deeds within it plentiful empty us therein of evil
deeds, and fill what lies between its two sides for us with praise
and thanksgiving, wages and stores, bounty and beneficence! O God,
ease our burden on the Noble Writers, fill our pages for us with our
good deeds, and degrade us not before them with our evil works! O
God, appoint for us in each of the day's hours a share from Thy
servants, a portion of giving thanks to Thee, and a truthful witness
among Thy angels! O God, bless Muhammad and his Household and
safeguard us from before us and behind us, from our right hands and
our left hands and from all our directions, a safeguarding that will
preserve from disobeying Thee, guide to obeying Thee, and be
employed for Thy love! O God, bless Muhammad and his Household and
give us success in this day of ours, this night of ours, and in all
our days, to employ the good, stay away from the evil, give thanks
for favors, follow the Sunna's norms, avoid innovations, enjoin good
behavior, forbid the disapproved, defend Islam, diminish falsehood
and abase it, help the truth and exalt it, guide the misguided,
assist the weak, and reach out to the troubled!
This is what we could say it the beginning of the year and
these are the principles that make time an instrument which man
makes use of to benefit of all his potentials in carrying out the
duties towards himself and towards those around him. Allah asks
those who think only about the moment they are living in to think
about what is ahead. He asks the believers to be pious, and think
about tomorrow: O you who believe! Be careful of (your duty to)
Allah, and let every soul consider what it has sent on for the
morrow, and be careful of (your duty to) Allah; surely Allah is
Aware of what you do.
He surely knows all what we do and He has promised to hold us
accountable for everything we do, good or evil.
The Messenger (p.) as well as all the Imams have stressed on the
need of holding ourselves accountable and preparing for the Day of
Judgment. Imam Ali (a.s.) tells us how to do that when he says: He
would go back to himself in the evening and say: O my soul: Another
day has passed that is never coming back; Allah will ask you how did
you spend it: Did you remember God and thank Him? Did you give a
brother believer what is due to him? Did you relief him? And did you
take care of whom he left when he died.
Did you help a Muslim remember what he did? If it were good he
would thank God and if it were a sin he would ask God for His
forgiveness and promise he would not do it again
When we recall the past, we do so to be balanced in the present
and when we live in the present we have to plan for the future,
especially if it is the Hereafter we are talking about… We have to
be aware of everything we do or say and not to indulge like others
in meaningless practices, especially the habit of firing shots to
celebrate the New Year. This practice is a sign of social
backwardness. We pay money to buy these bullets, which we
desperately need to fight our enemy and not fire them in the air or
in our internal fuels.
Then there is the issue of firecrackers, which we educate our
Several years ago I issued a Fatwa that bans selling these
crackers as well as giving children money to buy them, for they
disturb others while they are trying to find some peace and rest
civilization is not to acquire home appliances cellular phones and
the like, but to respect the feelings of others, alas we are not
civilized but rather backward..
Let us enjoy spiritual and social
happiness and seek peace and tranquility, especially in this holiday
and this season of joy.
The First Sermon
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the
The entire world should join to overcome the tragic results of
any natural catastrophe in any country, for we are all humans, and
this resembles our common human interests.
But in addition, there is a political and security earthquake
that too is moving from one place to another.
It is called the war on terror but it really aims at changing the
political face of our region in what serves the interests of the
International Arrogance especially the Americans and Zionists. But
if the natural earthquake is done and over with and we are now left
to deal with its effects, the political earthquake is in a state of
an endless continuing movement and causes a series of security,
political and economic catastrophes which the natural ones would
seem trivial if compared with it.
And that is because America seeks to become the only superpower
in the world that dominates its resources, with the Arab and Muslim
peoples paying the highest price.
goal of unity
In Palestine the Zionists, backed by the US, continue their war
against the Palestinians on all levels… Assassinations, arrests,
bulldozing houses and arbitrary bombing of camps have not stopped…
The Zionists have started to impose their political and security
conditions that cancel the vital Palestinian issues as well as all
UN resolutions. All this is coordinated with the United States that
did not object the Israeli cabinet rejection of any European role in
the peace process, but objected against the peace with Syria,
because it is “weak and has to wait". Such an American talk suggests
that America is not serious in its talk about peace, especially
towards establishing a Palestinian state, since it has begun to
adopt the impossible conditions of dismantling the Intifada first
and without offering anything in return for the Palestinian
The Palestinians should know that the US policy in the region has
always been to facilitate the executing of the Jewish strategy of
putting their hands on most of the Palestinian lands, leaving them
in a big prison whose boundaries are constantly changing. Knowing
this fact will help the Palestinians to cement their national unity
and resort to an objective dialogue that focuses on the strategic
goals and does not undermine the Palestinian internal peace that is
in fact the core of the proposed Palestinian state.
Let not ploys and booby-trapped political tactics lead you to
offer concessions that undermine your strategic goals. The right in
a homeland and in freedom are stronger in the end than occupation
Civil strife in Iraq
In addition to the security chaos in Iraq, recent development
have witnessed the emergence of a new political and security
language which, promoted and encouraged by the occupation, has begun
to contain all the elements of a civil strife that will destroy
everything including the future of the Iraqi people and their
aspirations for freedom and prosperity.
We understand that some would oppose elections under the rule of
occupation. But the killings of innocents, just because they favor
elections, and accusing others of treason and apostasy, because they
feel that election is a method to force the occupation out of the
country or inciting Shiite-Sunnis sectarian divisions, are issues we
cannot understand or accept. If Iraq engages in a civil war, it will
extend to the Arab and Muslim world.
Moreover, the talk about a Shiite threat, despite the fact that
the Shiites are only asking for a unified Iraq where all citizens
are equal before the law is part of the criminal American-Zionist
plan that aims at turning Iraq into a time bomb that would explode
in the entire region.
Lebanon and Reconciliation
In Lebanon, we listen to all sorts of calls for partisan,
political or sectarian reconciliation.
In this respect, what Lebanon needs is an in-depth political
movement and frank dissuasions behind closed doors. It also needs
real dialogues that pay no intention to media requirements.
There is a need to reconcile with the motherland, to emphasize
the concept of citizenship and to acknowledge that all people are
equal before the law, which needs to be fair and just. The electoral
law in particular should provide such justice and should not be in
influenced by any sectarian or political interests.
Do you want a country that you shoot like a football
in the court of politics or do you want a state that is based on
justice and one that studies all internal and external projects from
the point of view of the Lebanese citizens who seek to achieve
freedom, dignity and independence to their homeland by resorting to
realistic methods that know how to protect it from the arrogant
powers, the Zionists and the oppressors.