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Lectures > 2007 Speeches > 31/08/2007

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, 31th August 2007 A.D, 18 Sha'aban 1428 H, several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

Be the Nation of Justice since wronging has no religion


 

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

The Wretched and the oppressed

Allah, The Most Exalted, says in His Glorious Book: And We desired to bestow a favor upon those who were deemed weak in the land, and to make them the Imams, and to make them the heirs.

To establish a firm place for them in the land, and to show Pharaoh, Haman, and their hosts, at their hands, the very things against which they were taking precautions.

Thus Allah, The Most Exalted, has talked about the downtrodden and the weakened as well as the oppressors and the arrogant. He refuses the weakening of the arrogant to the downtrodden by exploiting them and depriving them of their humanity. When Allah, The Most Exalted, created mankind, He wanted the people on earth to establish justice.

He even sent Prophets, and revealed books, and provided them with the balance of good and falsehood to ensure that the people will establish justice, for justice is road of peace and good, while injustice is the road of evil and hostility.

Allah, The Most Exalted, ordained that this life on earth will not end before the weakened have assumed their confiscated role. Thus, this Ayah says that God wants to bestow a favour upon the oppressed and make them leaders.

It will end such rules as that of Pharaoh and Haman who prosecuted the people. And this is, among others, what we are waiting for, as we await our Imam Al-Mahdi (May Allah hasten his return) who will establish justice among all mankind.

Moreover, we noticed that the traditions that talk about the appearance of Imam Al-Mahdi talk only about establishing justice, although he is the Imam of Islam who will call the people for the Message of Muhammad; the Message of unification that continues all what the Sharia has ordained to organize the relations of people. This is because justice is what embodies the religion of unification and all what Islam wants considering the relations between Allah and humans and between humans themselves.

This is what the Quran has asserted in its talk about justice in several Ayahs “Surely Allah enjoins the doing of justice and the doing of good” “whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned;, “O you who believe! Be upright for Allah, bearers of witness with justice, and let not hatred of a people incite you not to act equitably; act equitably, that is nearer to piety thus you have to be just with your friends or relatives, by not giving him what is not rightfully his and with your enemy by not denying him his rights”.

The Quran also says: O ye who believe! Be ye staunch in justice, witnesses for Allah, even though it be against yourselves or (your) parents or (your) kindred, whether (the case be of) a rich man or a poor man, for Allah is nearer unto both (them ye are). So follow not passion lest ye lapse (from truth) and if ye lapse or fall away, then lo! Allah is ever Informed of what ye do.

If the entire world is based on justice and if we are expecting that in the end that justice will be dominant in the entire world, we have to educate ourselves and act in a way that upholds justice and rejects persecution, whether in power or influential positions.

God will punish all those who wrong their subordinates. It has been narrated that One of our Imams narrated the following story: Allah the Great, the Almighty, enjoined one of His prophets liv­ing in a country under the rule of a tyrant: 'Go to this tyrant and tell him that I did not make use of you (grant authority) to shed the blood (of the people) and gather wealth. I made use of you to soothe the cries of the wronged, because you should not neglect their plight even if they were disbelievers'. Allah does not want us to wrong the unbeliever, just as he does not want us to wrong the Muslim. He wants us to give every human his rights whether close or not and whether weak or strong, and this is the meaning of justice.

Imam Ali has said: Know that injustice is of three kinds – one, the injustice that will not be forgiven, another, that will not be left unquestioned, and another that will be forgiven without being questioned. The injustice that will not be forgiven is duality of Allah. Allah has said: Verily Allah forgives not that (anything) be associated with Him…. The injustice that will be forgiven is the injustice a man does to himself by committing small sins; and the injustice that will not be left unquestioned is the injustice of men against other men. The retribution in such a case is severe. It is not wounding with knives, nor striking with whips, but it is so severe that all these things are small against it.

 

The Consequences of injustice

The Messenger(p.) and our Imams have left a lot of Hadith about wronging. Imam As-Sadiq says: Wronging someone who has no party on weapons to resort to, whether by letting his right or by persecuting him is the most sever kind of wronging.

Imam Zein Al-Ibedien advises his son Muhammad Al-Baqir saying: I will advise you with what my father advised me when he was dying: Do not wrong those who will not find no one to support them except Allah.

Imam Sadiq says about he who lives the spirit of justice: who wakes up and does not intend to wrong anybody, Allah forgives him what he will sin on that day",unless he spills the blood of an innocent man or usurps the money of an orphan.

 

Thus, a man who does not think about injustice and starts his day not intending to harm or wrong anyone Allah will forgive all his sins except killing another unlawfully, or usurping the wealth of an orphan.

The Messenger says: "stay away of wronging for it is the darkness of the Day of Judgment."

There are also some certain acts of injustice practiced by some members of the community whether by the government or by a third party. There are some people that are accepted by a part of the community saying that the wronged party deserves what happened to him. A case in point would be those who justified the atrocities of Yazid against Imam Hussein's family and companions. To those Imam As-Sadiq says: O those who justify the wronging of the wrong-doer. Allah will send him someone who will wrong him. And if they invoke Allah, He will not respond to them.

Imam Al-Hussein says that those who wrong, support the wrongdoer or accept his act are partners. The Messenger says: He who is afraid of punishment should stop wronging the people.

Educating on justice

Two parties of litigation filed their case before Imam as-Sadiq (a.s). After he had listened to both of them, the Imam(a.s.) spoke: “It is quite true that he who seizes something by wrong means is not seizing goodness. Certainly, the oppressed party seizes from the religion of the wronging party more than that which the wronging party seizes from the oppressed party’s property. He who does evil to people should not show loathing towards the evil that is done to him. As a matter of fact, man will harvest nothing but that which he sowed. No one will harvest sweetness from the bitter, and no one will harvest bitterness from the sweet.”

These words of the Imam (a) made the two parties settle their litigation before they left him, because when you open your heart and mind on good preaching, you will withdraw from anything that can put you in the position of wronging others.

Dear beloved:

We have to remember that we will stand before Allah, where the wronged will ask God to punish those who wronged them saying:

O most wise, and just, judge between him, and me for he has wronged me

Therefore, we should not wrong anybody, not our wives, nor our children or those who work for us.

This is what we should educate our selves on.

 

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

The Bush Administration failures

President Bush continues to give advices to the Iraqi officials and political leaders to conform with his policies of occupation that has shaken his position in the American public opinion including both houses in the Capitol who are asking him to withdraw the troops from Iraq as soon as possible. Nevertheless, the whole world knows that he has failed in running his occupation and that the increase in troops was not able to provide the Iraqi people with security. On the contrary, the American troops continue to bomb civilians and kill innocent women, children and the elderly, whenever it engages in an offensive that aims according to its claims to detain extremists.

On another level, Bush's friends in the Administration especially those whom he relied on to set his policies continue to resign. Then there is the corruption that has characterized his administration even in the ministry of justice that would certainly have a negative impact on the American's legal and judicial affairs.

Iraq and the American world terrorism

In addition, the Media continues to reveal the big scandals of robbing the Iraqi wealth by the top military and Administration officials in Iraq. If we add to that, the brutal torture of Iraqi prisoners, and the bombing of civilians, we will see the general picture of the ugly American terrorism, especially, when we add to that what the Americans are planning with the Takifiris and the calls for reaching an understating with them.

In Iraq too, we met with the bloody events in Karabla, that accompanied the celebrations of the birth of Imam Mahdi, which constitute a new tragedy to be added to the tragedies the Iraqis are already suffering from.

We strongly condemn these actions and declare that those who committed them, killing the worshippers and violating the sanctity of the holy places will hold the full responsibility of what they did, which could only be worsened by the emotional reactions that is represented by following individuals instead of principles.

We are afraid that things will develop in other places along the same lines, which might encourage the occupation to prolong his stay, claiming that those in charge cannot protect the Iraqi people, and that those who are talking about protecting the scared shrines are actually aiming at destroying them.

On another level, the war against terrorism that was declared by Bush and his Administration, did not take into consideration the conditions of the Arab and Muslim peoples, especially their sufferings from their harsh regimes and their economic and political problems. On the contrary, it practiced violence and murder to ensure the continuity of usurping the region's wealth, using similar methods of the terrorist of nine eleven.

The US Administration did not take into consideration what these arrogant mad wars would do to the peoples of the region, which made these peoples deploy all its abilities to face these destructive wars, turning many countries into bloody fronts. In Pakistan, for example, there is an open confrontation between the people and the American installed regimes that persecutes those who oppose the American policies and want their countries to be free in its policies, security and economy.

And this is what we have noticed in the American policy of supporting Israel and turning it into a striking military power against the Arab and Muslim worlds, to the extent of talking about an Israeli aggression against Iran. On the other hand, if the US is talking about an international and regional peace conferences, it is doomed to be a failure as a result of the prevailing circumstances, the Israeli impossible conditions, and the Arab submission to all the American and Israeli demands. This failure was evident through all the meetings between the head of the PA and the enemy's prime minister, for he refused to offer any concessions that would enable a viable Palestinian state to exist.

Freeing Israel's hands

An European official has always announced that he is a friend of Israel and that he will not engage in any deal that will compromise its security. But we have not heard him once say that he is a friend of the Arabs and Muslims or that he respects their security. He even does not accept the Palestinian resistance against occupation and constantly talks about the relationship between terror and Islam. Yet he has never talked about the Israeli terror in driving the Palestinians out of their own country or preventing them from coming back. He also forgets to mention anything about the American terror in occupying Afghanistan and Iraq or threatening Iran with war if it plans for a nuclear bomb.

But he forgets all about the Israeli nuclear threat, which he tries to portray as a peace bomb despite the Israeli constant aggressions and threats to the region.

The problem with most of the EU states is that they leave Israeli to destabilize the entire world, but do not acknowledge the right of the Arab and Muslim right to protect themselves.

And this is what the Arabs and Muslims should understand to protect themselves.

The Lebanese crisis

In Lebanon everyone awaits the answer of the US government conveyed by the US ambassador on the situation in Lebanon. The Lebanese are also eager to learn about the French initiative, which continues to move from one complication to another.

Another issue is the insistence of political blocs that the next president be from their ranks and not the other's, with the two parties exchanging statements, that are packed with foul and obscene language, where there is a constant denunciation or verification by this person or that about of being subject to foreign tutelage . In addition, there are the complications on the Arab-Arab front, which in turn will have negative effects on the Lebanese front.

The Lebanese people are drifting away from ethical and moral values and for being consumed with personal sectarianism and attraction to regional affiliations.

There are parties working to pull people toward fanaticism, which enslaves them to this leader or that. This will erode freedom of thought and movement to the extent that they will forget their vital issues, and live in the caves of darkness that will only turn darker in the future, not to mention the physical darkness they suffer from as a result of power shortage.

Anniversary of the disappearance of Imam Musa As-Sadr

Today is the 29th anniversary of the disappearance of Imam Musa As-Sadr; this figure of dialogue that opened up on Islamic and national unity and that had a major role in founding the Resistance against Israel.

As we commemorate this occasion, we feel how a great loss his disappearance has been, and the huge magnitude of the crime those who caused his disappearance or the helped in committing it, when they drove him away from the battle front with Israel or the front of national internal dialogue.

We call on all concerned, be they states, parties or even nations to reveal his fate, and expose all those who participated in committing this huge crime.

Verbal condemnations are not enough, and the Lebanese state has to shoulder its responsibility on all local, regional and international levels.