In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
His Eminence, the Religious Authority, Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, Rabi' El-Awwal 11th 1428 H., March 30th 2007, several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.
The First Sermon
|Celebrating the birth anniversary of the Prophet (p.): The truthful and the trustworthy|
The role model in honesty and integrity
"Now hath come unto you a Messenger from amongst yourselves: it grieves him that ye should perish: ardently anxious is he over you: to the believers, he is most kind and merciful." (09:128). He is the great Messenger (p.) whom Allah has chosen as the seal of messengers, and whose message was the seal of messages….
This Message encompasses all the humanistic and civilization elements of all the previous heavenly messages… the Message of the unification of Allah Whom there is no other god but Him, and no other to worship and obey but Him. There is no man, no matter how great his position is, who can assume any of the roles of Allah. That is why the Quran emphasized that Muhammad (p.) was a human being, and he was reminded by this fact in several Quranic verses. He was born just as any other human being. Moreover, his father died while he was still in his mother’s womb, and his mother died while he was an infant. Therefore, he was raised as an orphan amidst a downtrodden environment, and he was provided for, first by his grandfather, Abdul Muttalib, and then his uncle, Abu Talib.
But all the way through, he was guided and taken care of by Allah, Who inspired him to be the most supreme model of honesty, truthfulness, and trustworthiness. He never spoke but the truth, and he was the trustworthy that people trusted with their money and other trusts. So much so that he became known as the truthful and the trustworthy. The people of Mecca used to say: "The trustworthy came," or: "we have talked with the truthful trustworthy". Allah wanted to stress the trait of honesty and truthfulness embodied by the Prophet, before he (p.) was commissioned with conveying the Message. Allah also wanted the people to be sure that Muhammad was trustworthy, so as to realize that just as he was entrusted with their money, he could be entrusted with their lives.
The miracles and modesty
Allah tells us that this Prophet (p.) whom Allah had raised on truthfulness and trustworthiness was illiterate as demonstrated in the following Ayahs: "Thou knewest not (before) what was Revelation, and what was Faith." (42:52). "And thou wast not (able) to recite a Book before this (Book came), nor art thou (able) to transcribe it with thy right hand: In that case, indeed, would the talkers of vanities have doubted." (29:48). Had he known how to read and write, they would have said that he learnt what he knows from what he had read. Yet, his illiteracy was not a shortcoming; it indicated that he was sent with a miracle. Although he was incapable of reading and writing, he came up with a Book, before which those who can read and write felt helpless. He came up with the Book that both the humans and jinn could not imitate, not even in one Surah, proving that it is not something he learnt; but rather, it is a Divine revelation.
And we have seen that the Prophet (p.) lived with Allah before he was sent as a Messenger. He used to isolate himself in the cave of Hira where he fully devoted himself to worship Allah. Allah appointed an archangel to teach him, every day, the knowledge He wanted him to learn. He (p.) also reached the most supreme levels of humanitarianism. His heart was full of love for the downtrodden that he used to sit, listen, and sympathize with. He was the man whom Allah has taught the knowledge that no other man had attained, yet one of his companions says that he was among them like any of them, to the extent that if a visitor came, he would not know who of them was Muhammad, and had to ask "who among you is Muhammad?". That is why the companions agreed that he should have a well identified place to sit on.
He was also very modest with children and women. Once, he told a woman that was trembling when she addressed him: "It is alright. I am but the son of a woman like you who used to eat dried food."
The humanitarian and the merciful
Muhammad (p.) had a big heart beating with love that could embrace the entire nation and feel the pains it suffered from. That is why he was introduced to us as follows: "Now hath come unto you a Messenger from amongst yourselves – he was not an angel. Had he been one, people would have said that they could never ascend to the level of the angels. He was a human being, but he was not confined to his familial or partisan circle, as some leaders were –it grieves him that ye should perish – He loved all people and cared for their grievances, whether in poverty, sickness or lack of security –ardently anxious is he over you – He watched over the society trying to detect points of weakness, so as to turn them into points of strength. He wanted to elevate the people to the degree that enables them to develop at the spiritual, political and cultural levels, and not to be lost in small and trivial mazes – to the believers, he is most kind and merciful." (09:128).
This mercy was transmitted to his companions, who learnt from the Prophet (p.) how to be tough when challenged by the unbelievers, but merciful when dealing with one another. "Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and those who are with him are strong against unbelievers – when they were challenged by the disbelievers who sought to weaken and even destroy them, the Messenger’s companions, led by Imam Ali (a.s.) stood strong in the face of the unbelievers, not caring for any blame, as long as they were sure that they were serving the cause of Allah. They learned how to be courageous from the Prophet himself. Imam Ali (a.s.) says: "Whenever matters became difficult for us [the Muslim soldiers] on the battlefront, we took refuge in him." This courage was a Divine one. It was the result of the tranquility that Allah has bestowed upon him. Thus, he was tough when the challenges that faced Islam were great, so that he could protect the Muslims, being the nation that should take firm stands to preserve its dignity – (but) compassionate amongst each other." (48:29). But the Muslims should be kind and merciful when they deal with fellow Muslims. This is what they have learnt from the Messenger (p.) and the Holy Quran.
Prohibiting the blood of Muslims
History books tell us that the Jews wished to break the unity of Muslims that was demonstrated in Al-Medina and wanted to revive Pre-Islamic fanaticism. They were successful in a way that the inhabitants of Al-Medina started to call for arms against fellow Muslims. The Messenger (p.) talked to them in a merciful and loving way, and said: "Do you wish to go back to unbelief, after you had known [the sweetness of] faith?" When the believers noticed the noble way that the Prophet (p.) adopted to scold them, telling them that they have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and based their unity on belief, love and mercy, guided by the light Allah has illuminated their hearts and minds with… when they saw this loving, merciful and kind attitude of the Prophet of Mercy, they apologized, and Allah revealed the following Ayah: "And hold fast by the covenant of Allah all together and be not disunited, and remember the favor of Allah on you when you were enemies, then He united your hearts so by His favor you became brethren; and you were on the brink of a pit of fire, then He saved you from it, thus does Allah make clear to you His communications that you may follow the right way." (03:103).
In his farewell pilgrimage, the Prophet (p.) stood in Mina and asked the believers: "What country is this?" They said: "The sacred country." Then, he asked: "What day is this?" They said: "The sacred day." Again he asked them: "What month is this?" They said: "The sacred month." He then said: "O people, your blood, money and honor are sacred to you till you shall meet your Lord, as sacred as this very city, this very day and this very month". He called for instituting a Muslim nation in which every Muslim respects the money, blood, honor and security of the others; a nation that will stand as a strong force against all those who plot against Islam. This is what Allah wants the nation to adhere to in every time and place. It is narrated in several traditions that "the Muslim is the one whom people are safe from his hand and tongue, and: "The believer is the one whom people entrust with their money and honor."
On the birth anniversary of the prophet (p.), we have to live with him and recall his teachings to be the torch that guides us throughout our life and in all our actions. Although the Prophet (p.) is absent in the body, he will stay among us through his Message. This is what the Quran emphasized when it was said that the Messenger was killed: "And Muhammad is no more than a messenger; the messengers have already passed away before him; if then he dies or is killed will you turn back upon your heels?" (03:144). Indeed, the Messenger died, yet the Message shall remain. Thus, we all have to adhere to his Message even after his death, just as we would have if he were alive.
On this anniversary, we do not wish that people hold parades and the like. The Prophet's birth anniversary should be celebrated by consecrating the unity of Muslims, rendering them able to face the big challenges imposed by American arrogance and anyone trying to incite strife among Muslims.
We also have to unite in the name of our one God, our one Messenger and our one Quran, as well as our one future. The Messenger (p.) is telling us now, up from his abode in heaven: "Islam is Allah's trust and you should not betray Allah and His Messenger." Thus, all those who incite strife among the Shiites or among the Sunnis, or between the Sunnis and the Shiites are actually betraying Allah and His Messenger.
We have to celebrate the birth anniversary of the Prophet (p.) by emphasizing this unity, and say to the Messenger of Islam: "O Messenger, you have united us in the name of Islam, and we ask you to invoke Allah to grant us success in following the path of this unity."
The Second Sermon
Once again the US Secretary of State has come to the region to promote among the Arabs the presidential initiative that seeks to find “realistic’ solutions to the Arabs Israeli "conflict", especially between Palestine and Israel. Any success in this area could be a breakthrough that eases the negative impact of the American policy in the region, being a move towards peace in the Middle East. But the Secretary did not achieve any success in its endeavours, since the first thing it did was to call some Arab foreign ministers to convene the "Arab Quartet Committee” to commission these states that have yielded to the American policies with conducting the negotiations with the enemy behind closed doors. They also have to convince other Arab states to offer concessions to reach a settlement that would fulfil many Israeli demands, such as giving normalization precedence over peace, and amending the Beirut peace initiative that was sponsored by the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, despite all the Arab statements of refusing to make any such amendments. Refusing at the summit does not mean refusing afterwards, since the international community sees in this initiative a window of opportunity for negotiations, and not implementation, especially in the Security Council.
It is interesting that the Israelis responded to the Secretary's by saying that they are not ready to move on with the settlement, for they see no need for it, since they are certain that America, Europe and the International Quartet Committee will not pressurize them to offer any gains for the Palestinians or the Arabs that would undermine the Zionist strategy of refusing the right of return, Judaizing Jerusalem, and keeping the racist wall. That is why Rice changed its plan from negotiating with the P.A. to exploring the political horizons of holding fruitless Palestinian-Israeli meetings, and insuring that Israeli's place in the Middle East in guaranteed despite the complications of occupation.
The problem that some Arab leaders have talked about is the Arab absolute impotence when it comes to facing Israel that is supported by America who pressurizes them politically economically and militarily… This has confiscated all Arab stands even in the Summit whose resolutions have become mere ink on paper, since those who issue them do not possess any real mechanism to implement them. Meanwhile, the Arabs continue to be sedated by all the vague talk about a Palestinian state in the unknown future and about realistic solutions, for the problems in the region which have no realistic foundations.
Imposing Sanctions on Iran:
The Security Council had yielded to the American hegemony, as well as that of it allies, who have the "veto" right, and issued a resolution that imposes sanctions on Iran. The resolution was unanimous, due to the exchange of interests of each country with the super powers especially the US. In the same way, Iraq was occupied under the pretence of WMDs. Although this lie has been exposed to the entire world, it left no impact on any party including the Security Council. Similarly, they are trying to falsely accuse Iran of planning to make a nuclear bomb. In the meantime, America continues to deploy its military power in a show of force to threaten Iran with what things may develop to, in case of a military confrontation. The Arab region should take into consideration the dangers that it might face, if and when such a confrontation unfolds.
The influence the American Administration has over George Bush could very well drive him, in a moment of psychological and political madness, to destroy the region in the same way he is destroying Iraq and Iran and destabilizing Palestinian and Lebanon. Therefore, the nations of the region should face the situation in a responsible way before the catastrophe occurs. They have to study the aims of the American-Zionist alliance that plans to destroy the Muslim world – including the Arab world to confiscate these economies and polities.
American indifference towards the Massacres:
Massacres continue in Iraq on a daily basis, as the Americans try to lessen the number of their casualties, and pay no attention to the number of civilian Iraqis who are killed or wounded, and whose numbers are multiplying as a result of Takfiri hatred, who falsely claim that they are part of the Resistance.
An American University research has shown that one American soldier is killed for every 200 Iraqis, which proves that Americans do not care about how many Iraqi die or how many massacres are committed.
Consequently, Iraqis should feel the dangers of the continuity of this bloody course, and unite in freeing their country from occupation, and avoiding that fatal sectarian game.
Lebanon pays the price:
Lebanon, the internally divided country that is being portrayed as the living image of division in the Arab Summit… This Lebanon is paying the price of thwarting the American Israeli plot in the July war, a war which aimed at making the entire Arab and Muslim world enter the age of universal submission to America and Israel. If the Arabs are so concerned for the situation in Lebanon and seek to find a solution for its problems, why did they present such an image of Lebanon? Is it the Arab balance of power that has necessitated the redrawing of the weight of each party, after the real picture that has emerged lately in Lebanon, or the decisive refusal of the Americans and others for this image to be reflected in Lebanon.
Lebanon and international considerations:
Lebanon has become a part of the international plans since America has decided to use it as a card against Syrian and Iran...
The Arab role in becoming more and more marginal, and the international tutelages are having a bigger role in a country where may inside and outside it are talking about the curse of freedom that has changed into a political and sectarian anarchy that broke Lebanon’s backbone.
The Lebanese ought to know that the international and regional interferences will not let a solution unfold. Some of those taking part in the dialogue seek beforehand to complicate it by emphasizing that they will not offer any concessions, even if it were for the country’s best interests, leaving Lebanon besieged in the narrow circle of sectarian priorities…
Thus whenever there seems to be positive developments that could lead to a solution they make every effort to undermine it.