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Lectures > 2007 Speeches > 28/12/2007

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, 18-12-1428 Hij , 28th December 2007, Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

On the Day of Ghadir:
How do we follow Imam Ali?


 

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

Love of God… a sign of belief

Allah says in His Glorious Book:

And there are some among men who take for themselves objects of worship besides Allah, whom they love as they love Allah, and those who believe are stronger in love for Allah and O, that those who are unjust had seen, when they see the chastisement, that the power is wholly Allah's and that Allah is severe in requiting (evil).

One of the signs of the faith of a believer is that he loves Allah more than any one else, since Allah his creator, the Sustainer, the one who gives birth and and the one who takes life. He is, in the words of Prophet Ibrahim:

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

The Ghadir Day

Allah says in His Glorious Book. And there is the type of man who gives his life to earn the pleasure of Allah: And Allah is full of kindness to (His) devotees; And whoever takes Allah and His messenger and those who believe for a guardian, then surely the party of Allah are they that shall be triumphant.

It is Imam Ali bin Abi Talib whom we are celebrating his anniversary today, the 18th of Zil-Hijjah, the Day of Ghadir, and the day he was appointed a caliph.

It is day the Messengers stood on a very hot day to address the Muslims holding Ali's hand and saying

Do I not have more right over the believers than what they have over themselves?" He repeated it three times.( this is the proof that the prophet according to the AQuran ahzab 6 is the ruler . for he has two capacities : A warner:

Prophet! Surely We have sent you as a witness, and as a bearer of good news and as a warner,


And as one who invites to Allah's (grace) by His leave, and as a lamp spreading light
.

And a ruler which means that the believers should obey him. He who obeys the Messenger, obeys Allah. People cried and answered: "Yes, O' Messenger of God." Then the Prophet (P,) held up the hand of Ali and said: "Whoever I am his leader (Mawla), Ali is his leader (Mawla). O' God, love those who love him, and be hostile to those who are hostile to him. And turn the right with him wherever he turns

Thus all Muslims knew that the Messenger named Ali as his successor, especially that this story is agreed upon by both Sunnis and Shiites, although that some Sunni's have tried to interpret the word mawla as meaning the one whom I love or support. But such an interpretation is naive, because it is meaningless for the Prophet to gather the Muslims in that very hot day just to tell them this, especially that he began his address by saying: "Do not I have none right over the believers than themselves", and went on to say if I do than Ali does, meaning I am your ruler than Ali is too.

Yet the events that took place after the Prophet's death, denied Ali his right in being a caliph. But we do not want to talk about that to preserve the Muslim unity. Nevertheless, we want to wonder why he chose Ali. Certainly it was not a personal wish, for Allah told him. O Messenger! Deliver what bas been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message, and Allah will protect you from the people; surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving people.

Ali (a.s.) represents the Prophet

Why then was Ali chosen, although there were among the Muslims many of the Messenger's companions who were older than him. At the time of the Prophet's death Ali was only 30 years old. When we study the issue we find that there was none among the Muslims, old or young, who possessed knowledge, courage and dedication to Allah and His Messenger more than Ali did.

Ali lived all his life with the Messenger. The latter took him when he was a two year old. He raised him and lived with him all day and night. He used to take him with him even when he went to the cave of Hira to contemplate. But the Prophet did not take Ali with him just because he was his guardian, but rather to educate him. The Imam says about this: He gave me everyday one of his traits and I used to follow him like a baby-camel following his mother.

And The Imam emulated the Prophet in everything he did or say.

Thus, he talked the same words of the Prophet, prayed the same supplications and adopted the same morals to the extent that he used to hear God's revelations, for the Prophet told him: You see what I see and you hear what I hear, but you are not a Prophet.

And when Allah sent his Messenger, Ali was living in the Prophet's house.

Thus there were only three living in that house Muhammad Ali and Khadija. And it is natural that he was third. They called on to adopt Islam. There are some who say that Ali was the first kid to embrace Islam, in an effort to try to play down the significance of Ali's Islam. But although Ali was a boy in age he was a man in his mind. It is said he was asked about why he did not consult his father before adopting Islam and he answered that Allah did not consult his father when he was born, and that is why I do not consult any father before I adopt Allah's Message.

Ali the Champion of Islam

Thus, Ali lived in the Messenger house, and was the student of his school. He went with him whenever the Messenger wished to go to the Masjid at Haram, and the Imam used to protect him from the Qurashite kids who tried to harm the Messenger.

When the Messenger immigrated to Makkka, he told Ali to stay in the Holy city to return the people's trusts. Then he lived with him in Madinah arousing the jealousy of Muhammad's hate because he used to preoccupy the Messenger, depriving them of his company.

And when the unbelievers began their wars against Islam and the Muslims. Ali was the first fighter. He was the hero of Badr although he was not trained on fighting, but he used his mind which able to absorb all the knowledge and experiment he had with the Messenger to the extent it is said Gabriel was saying while the angels were cheering the Muslims: “There is no man (champion or fighter for a cause) except Ali (a.s.) and there is no sword except Zilfiqur (Ali’s sword ). He was the sword that vowed it will only fight for a just cause.

Thus, dear loved ones, Ali was also the hero of the battles of Uhad and Al-Ahzab where the unbelievers wanted through their alliance with the Jews to defeat the Muslims and gain control over Madina When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when the eyes turned dull, and the hearts rose up to the throats, and you began to think diverse thoughts of Allah.

In that situation were the Believers tried: they were shaken as by a tremendous shaking.

And when Amr bin Wid who was a very famous and strong warrior challenged the Muslims for a duel, the Messenger said: Who would fight Amr and I guarantee paradise for him. And repeated it three times, with Ali the only one standing up and the Prophet telling him to sit down, until he agreed in the third time and when Ali went to the fight the Messenger raised his hand and said: O my Lord leave me not alone; and Thou art the best of inheritors .And added: "Islam in its entirety has risen to unbelief in its entirety, meaning if ali won Islam would have won and if Amr won the unbelief would have won.

Ali played the same major role in all the other battles and the Prophet told him: You are to me like Haroun was to Musa, but there is no Prophet after me. He also said: I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate. And the right is with with Ali. It goes with him wherever he goes.

Ali and the Responsibility of Islam:

This is how Ali was with the Messenger. His house was the house of the Messenger who gave him his daughter in marriage.

The Messenger used to say to the Muslims who asked him to marry Fatima. Were it not for Ali no one would have been qualified to (marry) Fatima. They were both the students of the Messenger, with Fatima learning what Ali was learning. Thus Ali was the only one qualified to be the successor of the Prophet for he was the most pious, the most willing to sacrifice and struggle for the cause of religion.

Then after the Messenger, when he was denied his right he felt that he was responsible for Islam outside the caliphate, just as if he were a caliph, that is why he gave those who came before him and denied him his right all assistance and advice for he wanted them to stay on the course of the straight path to the extent that the second caliph said: Were not for Ali, Omar would have been doomed. He shouldered the responsibility of Islam as a child and continued to shoulder it, through out his life. That is why he said: I will keep the peace as long as the affairs of Muslims are maintained and the only injustice believes on me.

And when he became a caliph he said: Behold, by Him who split the grain (to grow) and created living beings, if people had not come to me and supporters had not exhausted the argument and if there had been no pledge of Allah with the learned to the effect that they should not acquiesce in the gluttony of the oppressor and the hunger of the oppressed I would have cast the rope of Caliphate on its own shoulders, and would have given the last one the same treatment as to the first one. Then you would have seen that in my view this world of yours is no better than the sneezing of a goat.

He was not thinking about his position in this world, but to insure that the right is maintained.

Ibn Abbass says:

"Once when I visited Imam Ali, he was mending his shoes. The Holy Imam asked me, 'What do you think will be the price of this shoe?' I said, 'It has no value at all'. The Holy Imam then said, 'By Allah! To my mind this torn shoe is more valuable than my ruling over the people, if I do not enforce the right and eradicate falsehood".

 

What is Al-Wilayah

Ali was born in Kabah and martyred in a house of Allah. That is why, when we celebrate the anniversary of his Wilayat, we should be linked with him through our minds, and souls, and inspire his teachings and consider him a role model for our spirits and life, for Ali does not take us except to God. He represents in every thing he did, what Allah wants Islam to do and adopt.

In the light of this, we have to stand in this day, the day of Ghadir, to pledge our loyalty to the line of Imam Ali, and on all the knowledge, thought perseverance and patience he taught us or gave us. We should thank God for making us of those who believe in his wilayah. We should thank him for completing our religion and His Grace.

We should say to the Imam: we are with you. We ask God to make us succeed in emulating you to help us be patient as he was, to uphold Islam as hid, and be faithful to Allah as he was. For he loved Allah, as His Messenger did. Was it not the Messenger who said: "I will give the banner tomorrow a man who loves Allah and his Messenger and who is loved by Allah and His Messenger.

You have loved Allah and was loved by Him, for you dedicated your life to Allah. O Commander of the faithful, intercede for us, for you are close to Allah. May peace be on you the day you were born, the day you were martyred and the day you will be brought back to life.

 

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

Israel continues its real war against Gaza, in air, sea and land. It announced that its strategic gaol is to end Hamas regime in Gaza. At the same time, it dealt a serve blow to the Palestinian Authority, by announcing that it intends to build 740 new housing units in Jerusalem and in the West Bank, timing this announcement to coincide with the beginning of the final status negotiations.

As for the head of the PA, the most he can do is to ask about the reasons of this feverish settlement activity, and appeal to the International Community to interfere, although he knows quite well that this International community is controlled by the US and cannot pressurize Israel to do that. This indicates that the coming final status negotiations will not achieve any gain for the Palestinians, since Israel has the settlements, the separating wall and the water resources while the PA does not have any pressurizing cards to play in achieving their liberating goals, especially with the current division between Gaza and the West Bank, and that no dialogue between them seems to begin in the foreseeable future.

We are afraid that the Palestinian position will turn into a weak one that does not possess any Arab or international force, since the international Community, led by America, seeks to execute the Israeli strategy without giving anything to the Palestinians, and this is what the Palestinians should be aware of and hold the Palestinian officials accountable for the policies they are adopting that have led them into falling into political mazes.

The problem with Bush is that he gave the Israeli interests the priority over the American interests in the region, since this Administration is controlled by the neoconservatives and the Zionist American team who use the American president to pressurize the Palestinians and accuse his resistance of terrorism, and deceive it by talking about a Palestinian state while besieging it by major and minor settlements as well as the separating wall. At the same time this Administration will do nothing to prevent the Israelis from creating facts on the ground that will hinder any chance to create a viable Palestinian state.

In Iraq, the US Administration has ignored every warning in the last two years concerning the private security companies that continue to act freely without any supervision, arbitrarily killing Iraqi civilians (17 were killed last September) with the American defence and state secretaries doing nothing about it, since they do not mind the Iraqis being killed as long as these companies we protecting American soldiers.

This is not an exceptional case in the attitude of the Americans.

It is rather the norm, since it bombs the innocent civilians in Afghanistan, showing that it does not respect human rights as long as its gaols are being accomplished.

This is what we see in the countries that America pushes to take part in the so-called wars against terrorism, and through its agents who are employed to watch over their peoples and deprive it of their freedoms as well as rigging elections by means of oppression and intelligence means as in Pakistan or by creating chaos as in Afghanistan.

In sum, we do not find any chance to be optimistic about a realistic American policy that aims at solving the region's problems and establishing peace.

On the other hand, we notice that repression is prevalent in several Arab and Muslim countries. The peoples have lost their freedom to express their opposition of the adopted polices to voice their demands including the freedom of peaceful demonstrations. Such an attitude has made local and foreign observers feel that these governments fear the rage of their peoples even if they are demanding justice and equality to the extent that they might fire shots and innocents might be killed.

We say to these peoples that in the Western world the governments your leaders are trying to emulate respect their peoples and are afraid from them since the people might replace them. In our world however, it is the other way round, the peoples are afraid from the rulers since they could be subjected to detentions and other political pressures. Moreover, the rulers insist on their policies even if objected by the entire nation.

In Lebanon, researchers have noticed that most politicians, who run the crises of the country and are responsible for its affairs, are among those who were a complete failure, those who either committed massacres, or stolen the public money. That is why the nation was not able to find a realistic solution of a policy that opens up on the citizen's vital interests, and not leaving the people stumbling in their problems suffering and even suffocating in their poverty and crisis.

This is what we are facing in the crisis of the Presidential elections, where by the men of law differ about the legality of this or that decision or the politicians in the cabinet in a way that the people are confused especially that there is no constitutional council that controls the movement of the rulers and prevents any tampering with the constitution of the country.

The country needs a new blood that has not been engaged in the dirt of inciting strife and putting their personal or sectarian interests before that of Lebanon. And that is what we call the youth who live in the sun and does not stumble in the dirtiness, for.