The First Sermon
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
God says in His Holy
Invite all to the way of they Lord with wisdom and beautiful
preaching and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious:
For they lord knows best who have strayed from His path and who
receives guidance. And not
alike are the good and the evil. Repel (evil) with what is best, when
lo! He between whom and you was enmity would be as if he were a warm
In these Ayahs, Allah guides us to adopt a methodology
of solving our differences by means of wisdom and arguing in the ways
that are best. He also indicates the results we should seek when these
In the first issue, that of the call, Allah says:
Invite all to the way of
they Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching.
When we want to call for the path of Allah and drive
people to believe in Him and adopt Islam and follow the straight path,
you have to be wise… that is you have to study the circumstances in an
objective manner: to study people's mentalities, since they are of
different ones, with some needing a scientific approach while others
tend to be emotional. And you have to use with each the particular
method that convinces him.
Studying the circumstances
You should study the general atmosphere before you get
on the move. It might be an unfavourable one. There might be in the
society a fanaticism that does not accept any other opinion or
religion for that matter .And this is what we noticed in some of the
conferences that were held lately where we heard some religious
scholars talking in a negative way about the Shiites who are trying to
pressurize Sunnis to become Shiites. Such an accusation was pronounced
by scholars from Egypt, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and other countries. But
the fact of the matter is that there is no such thing.
We say that every caller has the right to call for his
thought. And we have never discussed at any time the fact that some
Sunnis are trying to call Shiites to adopt their school of thought. We
believe that the issue was raised to increase the sensitivity against
the Shiites especially in the heat of the current circumstances
whether in Iraq or even in Lebanon to increase the sensitivity between
the two sects.
In fact, there is no Shiite party who is planning
for this. A Shiite individual might try to persuade a Sunni, or
a Sunni might persuade a Shiite but this remains on the individual
level. It has been said before, in Lebanon as well as other countries,
that Muslims are calling Christians to Islam, and a lot of fuss was
made about it, although Christian missionary work is carried out all
over the world and no Muslim protested about it.
Therefore, a caller should study the atmosphere he is going to work in, so
as to prevent others from causing problems that will undermine the
call right from the very beginning. He must also resort to the best
means whether that has to do with the mind or that has to do with the
emotions, so as his call will reach both the heart and the mind.
Moreover, if an argument takes place we should resort to what is best
with no cursing or abasement. But in a way that proves to the other
that we respect his thought and demand that our thought too should be
And argue with them in ways that are best
and most gracious: For they lord knows best who have strayed from His
path and who receives guidance
Using the negative means will lead to no where.
As to the People of this Book,
Allah has emphasized to use what is best
And do not
dispute with the followers of the Book, except by what is best,
let it be a civilization humanistic and scientific debate in which the
other does not feel that you despise him,
except those of them who act unjustly because they do not
conduct a dialogue but want to impose their thought on you
and say: We believe in that which has been
revealed to us and revealed to you, and our Allah and your Allah is
One, and to Him do we submit. Concentrate on the points you
both agree on and make this the basis of your dialogue.
Violence complicates things
As for the differences among Muslims, like the differences between Shiites
and Sunnis on certain historical or jurisprudence matters including
that of caliphate, God says: O you who
believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority from
among you; then if you quarrel about anything, refer it to Allah and
the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the
last day; this is better and very good in
As for the problem resolution :if you
face a problem try to find the best means to reach a positive result;
the means that changes your enemy into a friend, no matter how much
patience and tolerance, this method might demand of you
And no one
will be granted such goodness except those who exercise patience and
self-restraint, none but persons of the greatest good fortune
The Messenger said to his wife, the Mother of Believers, Aisha, that
leniency is an addition to everything it is used with while it is a
disgrace to anything it is lifted from. These were the Messenger's
morals and that is why Allah tells him: It is
part of the Mercy of Allah that thou dost deal gently with them Were
thou severe or harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about
you. This is the Islamic method which you should apply in all
what we differ on, especially if it evolves around political opinions.
Such opinions are not sacred, and there is no reason for accusing the
other by violating the sacredness or not respecting it. It is an
opinion which you either reach by personal effort, or by following
leaders or your party.
That is why we have to adopt what is best in our ideological or political
differences. We have noticed that the crisis the country lives in has
driven several people of all parties to use all means of violence.
But this violence will not convince any party with the other's view, even
if they use violence, that could even reach firing arms. They will
only make the other party more fanatic. Thus, violence does not solve
a problem, especially with in the same party and religion. We are
Muslims and it is impermissible for us to kill or harm any other
Muslim, even by cursing him.
That is why we believe that what happened yesterday, indicates that those
responsible for it did not follow Islam or even understand it ,even if
they pray and fast, since the significance of praying lies in that it
forbids evil and enjoins good.
That is why we say to all Muslims, especially that there are those
from outside the Muslim reality that are trying to incite them and
trap them to engage in a sectarian strife that this is not acceptable
by Islam. The Messenger says: Do not return after me to being
unbelievers who kill one another.
Some religious scholars are inciting strife
We ask all those responsible for religious and political guidance to
educate their people on the Islamic morals and on national themes. The
emotional and instinctive reactions we have seen indicate that a lot
of them – including religious scholars- are trying to incite the
instincts of the people and not their minds.
It has been said: "if the food is spoiled we fix it with salt", but since
those religious scholars are the salt of the society who would reform
the society if they follow the politicians and the foreign powers.
The Second Sermon
the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
The American plan in Iraqi is a
In his speech before the Congress, President
Bush asked the Democrats and the Republicans to endorse his security
plan in Iraq that calls for sending 20 thousand additional troops, to
achieve his political and military victory. He also asked them to
support his war against what he calls global terrorism, claiming that
this provides security to America and repels any danger.
We believe that this plan will not achieve any success, no matter how much
he multiplies his troops, since the way he ran things in Iraq military
and security wise is what causes the Iraqis ongoing tragedies.
Furthermore his political administration of the situation in Iraq was
not good enough to solve the problems of the Iraqis who became less
secure and more impoverished. He also did not give the Iraqi
government any financial or military power that enables it to face the
security threats (suicidal bombs) or improve the civil services.
Moreover, some of the Iraqis discovered, having been deceived in a way
that made them accept occupation, that America did not grant them a
free service by ousting Saddam, but it rather sought to implement its
strategy in the region, and use Iraq as a base to attack neighboring
countries, and pressurize Europe Japan, China and others by
controlling the region's oil. That is why the national Iraqi
resistance that has nothing to do with the Takifiri racists notions
has begun, and will continue to grow as the situation there worsens.
War against terrorism
As for the war on terrorism the problem with it is that Bush’s
understanding of terrorism includes the fighters for freedom,
liberation and independence. He considers the Palestinian Intifada,
for example, a terrorist movement that ought to be besieged by the
International Community. He also considers the Lebanese people who are
fighting to liberate the land and whose land and economy has been
repeatedly devastated in the last thirty years, as a terrorist people.
America also considers the states that support the freedom of these
people, like Syria and Iran, as supporters of terrorism that ought to
Thus, the war on terrorism aims, according to the US plan, to destroy the
Arab and Muslim world, and control them: it interferes in the internal
affairs of the Arab and Muslim states, whether in politics security or
economy, and has even imposed its hegemony on most of these states,
denying them the freedom of taking any independent decision in their
internal or national affairs. This escalating and overwhelming
interference has practically paralyzed our region to the extent that
those in charge have grown accustomed to wait the American
instructions. And this what we notice in their positions vis-à-vis the
Palestinian cause, especially after Washington has given Israel all
what enables it to pressurize the Palestinian people confiscate their
land, build the racial wall and dominate Jerusalem in a way that
threatens the Aqsa Mosque. Israel also continues to kill the
Palestinians, detain them, destroy their infrastructure and
destabilize their internal unity that reached a level that threatens
by civilian war.
In the meantime, Western delegations or ministers continue to talk about
the Road Map for Peace. But this talk lacks any political seriousness.
Rather it is a way of marking time and sedating the situation, since
the American – Israeli plan aims at implanting the Zionist strategy of
eradicating the Palestinian cause. Therefore, we call on our Muslim
and Arab peoples, especially the Palestinians, the Lebanese, the
Iraqis and the Afghanis, to confront the American arrogant polices and
strategies, since they run counter to their interests and will not
make them gain anything.
Iran wants to opens up
As American official said in a statement that Iran who wishes to impose
itself in the Middle East should understand that the US has certain
interests in the region, just as other Arab and Europe countries. He
added that Iran does not have the right to extend its hegemony over
the Middle East and the Gulf region, and that is why the US has sent
two aircraft carriers.
We say to this official that Iran neither wants nor has to ability to do
this. On the country, it wants to open up on the countries of the
region and that of the Gulf, and establish a base for joint security.
It also does not want the American occupation of Iraq to have a
negative impact on its security economy and policies. It also does not
want its nuclear peaceful project to be hindered by such habitual
accusations as being a military one.
We do not want to defend Iran, but we ask: Does America have the right to
maintain its interests while the region is denied such a right?
Who gave America the legitimacy to dominate the world, and the Middle East
in particular? America is only evil, chaos and total destruction. The
nations, especially the Palestinians, should understand this and seek
to achieve political reconciliation. The Iraqis too who face daily
massacres that have recently targeted the most impoverished people as
the university student and teachers, should resort to national and
Islamic unity, away from sectarianism and Takfiri mentalities to build
the future of Iraq on a firm basis.
Lebanon: An International and Arab Interference:
In Lebanon, we notice on explicit international and regional Arab
interference in its internal affairs, under the pretence of supporting
its government, to the extent that they have become a local party. We
also notice that the political discourse of this party does not study
the demands of the masses nor does it study the constitutional aspects
of the Lebanese national pact, and does not try to establish a
realistic dynamism to solve the problems of this country.
We are afraid that the foreign interference has aggravated the political
crisis and made things worse.
Every country in seeking to promote its interests and not the real
Lebanese interests. The states are not charity organizations to help
nations. America wants to make Lebanon a base to implement the Greater
Middle East in the region. They are pressurizing several internal
Lebanese parties, and external ones, against the freedom party that
wants Lebanon a free, strong and independent country that is based on
citizenry that equates between the Lebanese, giving them equal rights
and duties. They should establish a government that respects its
people, listens to their needs, and adopts their cause, before the
temple falls on the heads of all of us.
Internal fighting impermissible:
Lastly, I say to all Lebanese: Turning the political struggle into an
armed one is one of the greatest taboos that are religiously
forbidden. Any emotional talk that incites division and turns into a
fire that burns Lebanon is very dangerous. That is why we say to all
politicians: either talk about unity and call for dialogue and
reconciliation or remain silent.
Lebanon, the country of freedom, dignity and pride, the country that
defeated Israel, is at a dangerous crossroads. Nobody should forego
his responsibility of trying to save it whether in his or her
discourse or actions.