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Lectures >2001 Speeches > 09/11/2001

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

Ayatullah Al Ozma H.E. M. H. Fadlullah delivered two khotbas (at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque Shaa’ban 23, 1422h November 9, 2001 (Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer).

With the Advent of the Month of Mercy:
Let the Month of Ramadan be our Moral and Spiritual School.

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, The Compassionate the Merciful

The Beginning of the Month

In this meeting, we will talk about two issues: the first is the beginning of the Blessed Month, while the second is about  how we should prepare ourselves to receive it.

On the first subject: Every body knows that we have adopted a juristic principle – that conforms with the one our teacher the late Sayyed Abulkassim Al-Khouiei, regarding the issue of seeing the crescent being a natural phenomenon that could be verified through many means, Seeing the crescent by the eye is only one means, but it is not the most exact one. The scientific method is surely more accurate. If the moon reflects enough light to be seen were it  not for certain barriers in space and if this fact has been verified by precise astronomic calculations then the month has began.

We have contacted certain reliable astronomers in the US, Canada and Kuwait and since we believe along with Sayyed Al-Khouie that if seeing the crescent in a country in which we share a part of the night with is possible than seeing the moon has been proved in our country. And since these consultations which lasted for more than a week  proved that the crescent could be seen Thursday night in some of the American countries and in North Western Africa, then it has been proven to us that the beginning of the Month of Ramadan is next Friday, November 16, because it will be born on Thursday morning and could be seen at night in the countries I mentioned and which we share a part of the night with. Other religious authorities who depend on physical seeing might have other judgments and might consider that it begins on Saturday, Thus those who emulate us, will fast on Friday being the first of Ramadan, while the others might fast, considering this day a day of doubt….etc .The important thing is not to make this issue an issue of feud, because it is merely an issue of independent judgment, that has only one motive: to serve Allah, and in this respect all those who make such an effort should be respected and excused if they are mistaken.

Receiving the month of Ramadan

The second issue is how to receive this month. The Messenger (p.) said in one of his speeches on the last Friday of Shaa’ban the following:

"O’ People! The Month of Allah (Ramadan) has approached you with His mercy and blessings.

This is the month that is the best of all months in Allah’s view. Its days are the best among the days; its nights are the best among the nights. Its hours are the best among the hours.

This is a month in which He has invited you. You have been, in this month, selected as the recipients of the honors of Allah, the Merciful.

In this holy month, when you breathe, it has the thawab (heavenly reward) of ‘Tasbeeh, and your sleep has the thawab of worship.

Your good deeds are accepted in this month. So are your invocations. Therefore, you must invoke your Lord, in earnest, with hearts that are free from sins and evils, that Allah may bless you.Observe fast, in this month, and recite the Holy Quran.

Verily! The person who may not receive the Mercy and benevolence of Allah in this month must be very unfortunate having an end as bad (in the Hereafter). While fasting, remember the hunger and thirst of tomorrow on the Day of Judgment. Give alms to the poor and the needy. Pay respects to your elders. Have pity on those younger than you and be kind towards your relatives and kinsmen. Guard your tongues against unworthy words, and your eyes from such scenes that are forbidden and your ears from such sounds that should not be heard by you.

Be kind to orphans so that when your children become orphans they also may be treated with kindness. Do invoke that Allah may forgive your sins. Do raise your hands in supplication when you pray, as it is the best time for asking His Mercy. When we invoke at such times being the best of times, we are answered by Him, when we call Him, He responds, and when we ask for anything it is accepted by Him.

O’ People! Anybody who may cultivate good manners in this month will walk over the ‘Sirat’ (Bridge) on the Day of Judgment though his feet may be shaking.

Anybody who makes his slaves (male or female) take light work, in this month, Allah will make easy his accounting on the Day of Judgment.

Anybody who does not do any thing wrong to others in this month, Allah will keep him safe from His wrath on The Day of Judgment. Anybody, who respects and treats an orphan with kindness in this month, Allah shall look at him with dignity on The Day of Judgment. Anybody who treats well his kinsmen, in this month, Allah will bestow His Mercy on him on The Day of Judgment.

Whoever offers Sunnat (Recommended) prayers in this month, Allah will free him from Hell. Whosoever offers one ‘Wajib’ prayer in this month, for him the Angels will write the rewards of 70 such prayers,  that were offered by him in any other month.

Whosoever recites repeatedly ’Salaat-wsalaam’ on me, Allah will keep the scales of his good deeds heavy, when in The Day of Judgment the scales of others will be tending towards lightness. Whosoever recites in this month only one ‘ayat’ (verse of the Holy Quran), he will be rewarded in a manner as if he had recited the full Quran in the other months.

O’ People! The Gates of Paradise remain opened in this month. Do invoke that the gates may not be closed on you, while the Gates of Hell be closed. Do invoke that these gates may never be opened."

The sanctity of time is one of Allah Graces.

Allah times are the same, but  what makes a certain time blessed and holy  is the value that Allah assigns to it. The Month of Ramadan is one of these times that Allah has made special… It is the month in which the Holy Quran, the law that governs all aspects of man’s life, was revealed. It  is the month that Allah ordained that we should fast. It is also the month that contains the night of Kadr, that is better than a thousand months. It is a blessed month because Allah has bestowed all these graces in it, and made it full of acts that draw us nearer to Him. That is why the Prophet(p.) considers it as the best of months being full of blessing, Mercy and forgiveness.

Strengthening the will power.

Our fundamental duty in this month is to fast and read the Quran. Fasting strengthens your willpower, and helps you not to be led astray. When your willpower is strong you will be able to resist temptation and fight your desires and instincts.

Moreover, reading the Quran is an educational duty. The Quran makes us wise, educated and knowledgeable . If we do not understand the meaning of a certain Ayah, we should not hesitate to ask, for this is the Book that no falsehood could influence.

Remember the Day of Judgment

The Second point that we inspire from the Messenger’s speech is that we ought to remember the Day of Judgment.

We should always remember this day, because it is the day in which  we will judged for all our deeds and actions. Remembering, in this sense, is feeling the great burden of responsibility that we ought to carry so as we will not end in Hell. That is why most of the Quranic verses talk about the Day of Judgment .And fasting in this sense is an opportunity to remember the day you will get hungry in a way that you never experienced before.

Educating the Soul

The third point that the Messenger’s Sermon talks about is the necessity of adopting individual and social manners, like being charitable to the poor and needy, those whom you would think they are rich because of their content. You have also to be respectful to the elderly and merciful to those who are younger than you.  Furthermore, we should be good to our relations, and try to  take care of the orphans, especially as there are many institutions that carry out such duties which the Prophet described as leading to Heaven.


The Messenger (p.) also focused on repentance. Since those who repent for the sins they committed, it would be as if they did not commit them, provided that they feel deep remorse and promise never to do them again. You should also invoke Allah during prayers, for this  is the best time for supplications. Moreover  you should be of good manners, and treat your employees with leniency, for by doing this you will earn Allah’s satisfaction. O people, the gates of Heaven are open in this month do not close it with your bad and evil deeds.

The month of Ramadan that we are about to receive is the month that we ascend in to Allah by our souls hearts and minds.

We ask Allah, the All- Mighty to enable us to fast it and read His Book in its days, and to get closer to Him by our good deeds. The unfortunate among us, is the one who is denied God’s forgiveness in this Month. May Allah make it a blessed month of Good, Mercy, forgiveness, victory and pride for all Muslims.

  The Second Speech ….

In the Name of God, The Compassionate the Merciful

Worshippers of Allah (SWT)…. Be Pious…. Enjoin good and forbid falsehood. Be with justice since justice is one of most essential forms of good and fight wrongdoing since it is one of the worst kinds of falsehood.

Israel is a part of the Western Order

As the Intifada continues its struggle to liberate its lands, and as the Zionist entity continues its assassinations and destruction of the buildings and fields, as well as killing innocent civilians, the American administration has announced that the Intifada is a daily act of premeditated terror. Thus fighting the Intifada has become a part of the so called war against terror, especially after the American Ambassador in Tell Aviv talked about “the possibility of the participation of Israel in the war against terrorism”.

As for America’s talk about the settlement, it is not but an act of deception just as the European announcements  are hypocritical.

All these talks aim at sedating the Arab and Muslim worlds, and driving them to join driving them to join the Alliance. Thus the political conclusion of all these Western moves is that Israel is a part of the Western political order in the International strategy for the region. It is an advanced front for executing the plan that aims at delaying the development and growth of the Arab and Muslim worlds and an instrument for carrying out any further plans in the future.

This is what we should know in order to understand the real meaning and the intentions behind all statements that try to exploit the naive mentality in our political front.

The Intifada is the Only Alternative

There is an important thing the Palestinians should know: The negotiations, especially in the current stage, will not lead to any positive change in their favor. The pressures the International alliance for the war against terrorism is posing to make the world join in, is making huge pressures on the Palestinians to accept any solution. They have to stop the Intifada first, and surely once they stop it they will not be allowed to resume it, and than Israel and the U.S will pose whatever solution they see fit.

The Intifada is the only power card the Palestinians have in this political game to achieve  their goals-both Arabs and Muslims should understand that their only choice is to continue until the arrogant world is convinced that its support to Israel will burn the rug under its feet.

America and its allies should understand that the causes of what they call terrorism is the confiscating  of the peoples’ rights, especially the Palestinians, in freedom and independence. No economic, military or political blockade could stop the explosion in which death is a golden dream and not a catastrophe.

A Barbaric Offensive on Afghanistan

In this atmosphere, I believe that the international attack against Afghanistan will not reach its goals, even if the whole of Afghanistan was destroyed and its people killed.

The destruction of a Muslim country under the pretense of bringing Taliban or Bin Laden to justice or under any other pretense, will not be justified in the eyes of Muslims or even the secularists who struggle for the cause of freedom..

Although we might find a lot of Muslims, who differ radically with the Taliban or with Bin Laden and his organization, and they do not consider the regime in Afghanistan as representing the bright image of Islam, but none of them accepts such a barbaric attack on the Afghani people, whom the war has displaced and whose civilians are killed and whose infrastructure is destroyed, under the pretense of fighting terrorism. The Muslim world can not find a place for itself in this coalition , especially that America has considered the Lebanese Resistance and the Palestinian Intifada as forms of terror. The West believes that the right to fight occupation as when  the French resistance  fought against the Nazi occupation , is a right that belongs to it exclusively.Such logic is totally unacceptable to us.

The Muslim countries that entered the war with the Americans should feel ashamed of themselves. We have to understand that America is not an inescapable fate, and that we don not have to obey all that it decides on, in this war that is fought according to the U.S. under the slogan of “Justice without borders”. What is further ironic and cynical  is that they claim that they pursuing  freedom and democracy in the midst of this savage tragedy.

       We call on the Islamic world to study the real objectives of this Western offensive that is trying to utilize  its various forms of military and economic terror in the name of fighting terrorism.

       In this respect, we would like to express our appreciation for the Lebanese Syrian and Iranian stands positions that refuse to equate between the Resistance and terrorism.

Let all free nations voice their support for the resistance , not terrorism, and their standing with the weakened ,who seek their freedom, against the arrogants.