The First Sermon
the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Differences are a source of
Allah says in His Glorious Book:
“They ask you about the windfalls. Say: The windfalls are for
Allah and the Messenger. So be careful of (your duty to) Allah and
set aright matters of your difference, and obey Allah and His
Messenger if you are believers”. (8:1)
The believers are but brethren,
therefore make peace between your brethren and be careful of (your
duty to) Allah that mercy may be had on you. (49:10) There is no
good in most of their secret counsels except (in his) who enjoins
charity or goodness or reconciliation between people; and whoever
does this seeking Allah's pleasure, We will give him a mighty
In these Holy Ayahs the Glorious
Quran stresses on the need of reconciliation between people.
As a result of different
environments and conflicting interests, whether political, religious
national or even ethnic people are bound to see things differently.
Allah, the most Exalted, has created people in a way in which these
“And if your Lord had pleased, He would certainly have made people
a single nation, and they shall continue to differ” (11:118),
but these differences need not be a problem or an element of
weakness. It could well be a source of richness …Since it could
promote dialogue that could well lead to a better understanding of
the issues or the ways to solve problems.
Call for counsel
That is why we seen that the Holy
Quran has made counsel the basis of political and cultural life in
the Islamic society: “and
their rule is to take counsel among themselves” (42:38).Counsel
in this respect means that people who have accumulated knowledge and
experience should offer their views and skills and discuss them in
public to reach the ideas that is nearest to what is right.
Certain traditions say: Who counsels
others shares their minds with them.
But when you do not open up on the
people’s minds, you become more ignorant… since when you think
alone your thinking tends to be influenced by your own specific
concerns and the way you were brought up to think which might be
limited or inherited.
Allah, the most Exalted, thus, has
wanted all leaders in various capacities to consult with those who
follow them. He gave us the example of His Messenger (p.) who was
told to take “counsel with them”. Although being inspired by God
and of an infallible mind that is open always on truth, he does not
need to counsel with anyone. Yet he was setting an example to all
leaders who would follow him.
It is as if He was saying that the
Prophet who Allah has chosen to be the bearer of His revelation, and
wanted him to take man from darkness into light counsels others, how
would you not follow his example?
is an axiom in life
When we study the life of Imam Ali
(a.s.) and the Imams (a.s.) who followed him we find that they used
to ask people to counsel them. That is why we believe that people
should not stick to one opinion. This state of mind in which man
follows the opinions of his fathers, grandfathers, parties,
families…etc is a state of stagnation; we came to suffer from such
a state because we do not respect the opinions of others…
To be different is one of the laws
that Allah, the most Exalted, has embodied in life. Yet there is a
difference between a mentality of backwardness and that of
awareness. To be backward is to turn any difference into a state of
hostility. Who said that we can not have diverging views while
respecting one another? Why should we curse and insult whom we
Such an attitude reflects an
abnormal selfishness, as well as a state of unrealistic arrogance.
There is nobody in this world who
could claim that he possesses absolute truth. Truth is what your
environment, including how the school or the Hawza, has trained you
to accept. It is a product of your cultural environment, which means
that you have to accept the other. This does not mean that you have
to give up your own views.
It means that you have to resort to
dialogue. That is what the Quran emphasized on when it says:
Call to the way of your Lord with wisdom and goodly exhortation, and
have disputations with them in the best manner; surely your Lord
best knows those who go astray from His path, and He knows best
those who follow the right way (16:125).
God does not want us to consider our differences as a basis of
fighting. He wants it to be a basis for mutual understanding to
reach the common good.
Reconciliation among believers
That is why we have to reconcile
between believers and between all people when it comes to the public
interest, especially if we live in a society of multiple political
and religious identities. Moreover, Allah, the most Exalted, has
promised to reward us with His greatest reward if we try to
reconcile among those who differ.
We have seen the consequences of
internal fighting even in the same sect, they tend to destroy the
temple on the heads of all parties concerned and have a destructive
effect on the religion they adhere to.
That is why the prophets and the
Imams have many traditions that call for reconciliation. It has even
been included in Imam Ali’s last will to his sons and to all
concerned. He says: “You have to reconcile between believers…For
I heard your grandfather, the Messenger of Allah, the most Exalted,
saying: It is better than praying and fasting”.
Yet, there are those whom when you
call for reconciliation, they will tell you that they have tried to
reconcile among some people in dispute and the result was that they
got in trouble which made them swear that they will never engage in
such an act again. What does Allah, the most Exalted, say to those
people. He says: “And
make not Allah because of your swearing (by Him) an obstacle to your
doing good and guarding (against evil) and making peace between men,
and Allah is Hearing, Knowing”. (2:224).
Do not say that you have sworn not to do so. Your oath is worthless.
The value of any oath stems from the goal it is intended for. If the
aims are for the good than the oath is valid. If not then the way to
ask forgiveness for not abiding by it is in fact not by not abiding
This is what Islam tells us to adopt
in our community so that the believers can live in peace whether in
our families or in our villages and towns or in the whole country
especially in these difficult conditions of poverty. Therefore, do
not add to your physical hunger and thirst a hunger and thirst for
peace. Allah is peace, and He loves those who love peace.
Paradise too is the land of peace,
and whoever lives hatred and enmity will not end up in the land of
peace. Are not you told when you knock on the doors of Heaven “to
enter it in peace”?
Let us train ourselves on the rules
of living in paradise and make our lives full of peace… Peace of
the mind, peace of the heart and peace of life… Let us live in
peace and love and strive to accomplish them in this world of hatred
The Second Sermon
the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Withdrawal from Gaza
What is new in Bush’s Middle East
He is criticizing the international
community for not thanking Sharon for his promise to withdraw from
Gaza, being a victory for peace.
But Sharon has returned from
Washington and started to kill more civilians… assassinate Dr.
Rantissi and threaten the other Mujahiden leaders. He intends to
force a blockade on Gaza depriving it of its air and sea spaces and
threatening to return to the strip whenever he finds necessary. So,
should we thank Sharon for such a scheme?
If Bush is talking about the Road
Map which envisages an independent Palestinian state… why does not
he ask Sharon to withdraw from the West Bank including Jerusalem and
the settlements? Does the American President think that he can fool
the international community?
Hamas: A liberation movement
The world’s condemnation of
assassinating the political leaders of Hamas, indicates, if compared
by the US welcome of these criminal acts, that America and Israel
are politically isolated… We ask Bush to read the reports of his
intelligence agencies or even the various network news to learn that
the Palestinian people as well as the Arab and Muslims condemn
Israeli atrocities. Hamas, and the other militant factions, have
become the representatives of the Palestinian people as a whole,
meaning that they are not terrorist organizations. They are
liberation movements whose elimination means the elimination of the
Palestinians. Is that what Bush wants Israel to do? Or is he making
use of his military power to make fun of all people?
Israel: The biggest threat
Bush is also talking about Iran
becoming a nuclear force, calling such development an “intolerable
threat”. He asked the UN and the international community to face
All this is taking place at a time
Fanuno, the Israeli nuclear expert is demanding that the world
should interfere to stop the Israeli nuclear program in a state that
has become, according to some reports, the third nuclear power in
the world… It is ironic the Americans and some European states are
saying that the Arabs “threaten the existence of Israel” or that
they want to throw it to the sea” as the American war minister
It has become widely known that the
Arab world, which offered Israel all kinds of concessions including
diplomatic relations, does not constitute any danger on Israel.
On the contrary, Israel is the one
threatening the Arab World. It even constitutes a threat to the
World peace, according to a survey by the European Union.
Iran has announced that its nuclear
programs are for peaceful uses. That is why Iran rectified the
nonproliferation treaty… But America which lied about Iraq having
WMDs to justify its war is now lying again about Iran which poses a
grave threat on the Islamic Republic in Iran.
We condemn the explosions in Iraq
In Iraq, the people have become
caught between two fires, that of occupation that kills civilians at
random and that of criminal explosions that target civilians in
their daily lives, as well as security police in their stations…
While we stress our condemnation of
occupation, and call for freedom of Iraqis in running their own
political and economic affairs, we also denounce all these criminal
acts against civilians…
There is no Islamic justification
for these acts regardless of what the ignorant and hateful factions
who rush to accuse all other Muslims of unbelief might say. These
acts are also not a part of the resistance. The resistance aims at
representing the interests of the people and it can not go about
We denounce, based on our Islamic
capacity, these explosions and assassinations. But we blame the
occupation that is supposed to be responsible for the security of
the Iraqis, and hold him responsible.
Moreover, we condemn the explosions
in Saudi Arabia. For Islam does not approve any aggression on
innocent people regardless of the reasons. Furthermore, these acts
do not constitute a blow to Americans but a service, since they help
those who try to distort the image of Islam.
Lebanon: Duty before God
The municipal and local elections,
that the Lebanese are living its fever nowadays, are an issue that
has to do with development and not a matter of partisan politics.
People have to look for the honest, pious and efficient person and
give him their vote.
They have to look for those who are
committed to improve and develop their country and not those whose
major concerns are political and sectarian interests.