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Lectures > 2007 Speeches > 23/03/2007

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, 23th March 2007, several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

 

Social Relations in Islam


 

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

Saying good words

The Holy Quran provides man with the methods and the words that man has to adopt in his relations with others.

This includes all what he says, since talking is the means that Allah gave us to express what we think of and what we aware about. It also expresses our views which we differ in with others.

It is the bridge that links us with others, and the means that enables the community to communicate and cooperate.

The Quran has given us a general guideline in this domain when it said: "You shall speak to men good words". The words that they benefit from and those that draw the people closer, and make them love and befriend one another. Inspired by this Ayah Imam Al-Baqir (a.s.) says: "Tell people the best things you want them to say about you". Why is that? : It is because it is natural that you want the people to say good things about you, to respect you and to say what you benefit from. Things that assert your dignity and freedom.

If this is what you want the people to say about you, then you should know that they too would want you to say the same about them.

Piety in what you say:

Imam As-Sadiq (a.s.) says to the believers: "Be pious, and do not carry the people on you shoulders". Do not behave in a way that worsens your relations with others and might drive them to commit an aggression against you.

You shall speak to men good words The Imam cites this Ayah to tell the people that they have to choose the words that make people love them. He says to the Shiites that they have to improve the image of Ahl-el-Beit and not to disgrace it. If people see the ethical way you behave with others, they will say that those people represent the sublime morals of their Imams. He added: Say to people good words and preserve your tongues from curiosity and bad things.

Imam Ali-Bin Al-Hussein (a.s.) says: Good words increase the person’s wealth, and sustenance and prolong his life, "and leads to heaven.

The Messenger said: "I swear by He in whose hands my life lies that people have not made a charity better than good saying. Therefore, saying good is a charity you offer to others. It is something that Allah loves and that earns you His satisfaction. There is a saying in Hadith that says: A good word is a form of charity.

The Right makes you inherit the Hereafter:

If man wants to talk, he has to say the right and avoid falsehood O ye who believe! Fear Allah, and (always) say a word directed to the Right:
and there is a big reward for this That He may make your conduct whole and sound and forgive you your sins He that obeys Allah and His Messenger, has already attained the highest achievement.
Allah has also talked about vain talk which neither benefits nor harms, or which accuses people falsely. Allah says: And when they hear vain talk, they turn away there from and say: To us our deeds, and to you yours;

You have to ignore he who says vain talk peace be to you: we seek not the ignorant

The value of Good words:

Allah has emphasized the importance of good words, since there are words that can bring you good while bad words can create problems. We have a Lebanese proverb that says:” One word may make others sympathize with you while another might drive them mad.”

The first kind of words will make others like you and solve your problems whether at home, at work or in the community. God says: says to My servant – command them as you command them to pray or fast that they should (only) say those things that are best: for Satan doth sow dissensions among them: For Satan is to man an avowed enemy.
We also know that many a case a word has initiated a war, destroyed a house and killed the one when uttered it.

Controlling your tongue:

Imam Ali has guided us as to how we should control our tongue. You are master of what you say until you utter it. Once you deliver it, you are its captive.
Preserve your tongue as you do your gold and money One word could bring disgrace and the termination of bliss. Thus, you have to preserve your tongue, so that it will not destroy you

Describing the effects of words the Messenger says: "A man may say something which pleases Allah Almighty without him realizing the full extent of its implication, and because of it, Allah prescribes His pleasure for him until the Day he meets Him. And a man may likewise say something which angers Allah without him realizing the full extent of its implication, and because of it, Allah prescribes His wrath for him until the Day he meets Him. .

And we know that bad words in Islam include lying and abuse.

The Messenger says that Allah has prohibited paradise for those who use abusive language. He also said in the context of forbidding cursing: I was not sent as a curser, but as a mercy. He also said: A believer should not be a curser. There is a general condemnation of the corrupt and the tyrants, but we are talking here about cursing whom others consider to be sacred which could lead to strife among Muslims.

The straight path of belief:

Imam Ali says: The tongue of the believer is behind his heart and the heart of a hypocrite is behind his tongue"

This is because the believer will think about the word he is going to say. If it is good he will go ahead and say it, but if it is bad he will refrain from saying it, while a hypocrite whose heart is behind his tongue, will say anything that comes up to his mind without knowing if it is good or bad. He also says:

The belief of a Muslim will not be on the straight path unless his heart is on the straight path. And his heart will not be on the straight path, unless his tongue is. Therefore if he can meet Allah, clean of Muslims, blood and their money, and with a tongue, that did not violate the honour of Muslims. Let him do so.

We are suffering a lot of from the anarchy in what we say whether at home, at work or in the community and regarding our religious political and social circumstances. This irresponsibility in talking can lead the society to fall in conflicts and wars that would destroy it.

Every one of us should consider his speech as a part of his action. And that Allah will hold him responsible for every word he said no matter how trivial it might be.

We ask Allah to guide us to what is good in our talk and actions, so that He will be pleased with us when we meet Him.

 

The Second Sermon

IN the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

 

The American lies in Iraq:

The American occupation of Iraq has entered its fifth year. It has already destroyed Iraq’s security, economy and political life. But it also has sunk the Imperial arrogance in the Iraqi quicksand, as a result of the arbitrary and aggressive way America is running its occupation. It has started to talk about the difficulties it is facing in this war, and asked the American people that is fed up with the great losses and the negative outcome of the occupation, and has started to demand the withdrawal of American troops from Iraq, to be patient.

But the American President and his Secretary of State are still talking about the coming victory that will lead – according to Rice- to a better Middle East and a broader American security. The American Administration continues to wage war on what it calls terrorism, at a time everyone knows that such statements is meant to sedate their American public and restore in their minds the image of the greatest superpower that can change the world according to its political and economic plans.

Nevertheless, such a deceit has not been successful, since it turned many countries in the world, especially in the Middle East, into a place of security anarchy and political instability. It also created many fronts of challenge where the people began to hate the American Administration as result of the great pressures they had to endure.

A political and moral fall:

This moral and political fall of the American Administration was recognized by a former national security adviser, Z. Brezinski, who stated that president George Bush has weakened the credibility of the US in the world, having sacrificed the American moral principles under the slogan of fighting terrorism. He added: He has undermined our credibility, our legitimacy and even the respect of others to our authority… Therefore, despite sending additional soldiers to Iraq has begun. The occupation has been besieged inside Iraq by the resistance and outside by the neighbouring countries, which represent certain challenges in one way or another.

The conferences that were held in Iraq or in the neighbouring countries did not yield any positive results, with the US Administration trying hopelessly to intimate and pressurize some of the countries in the region to help it stabilize the occupation security in Iraq.

The American victory will not be realized:

The occupation, which has entered its fifth year, represents a barbaric aggression against the Iraqi people, killing tens of thousands of victims. It also killed thousands of its troops with more soldiers falling daily, which will accumulate and become a future defeat that will not be confined to Iraq, but could spread to the entire region that rejects the imperial plans of the American Administration.

Iraq, as a bleeding wound with more martyrs and victims falling everyday, has become the victim of the occupation and the Takfiris, Its fate has become a victim of the political, racial and sectarian mazes. Meanwhile, the American President continues to run after a victory that will not be realized.

We appeal to all sects and races of the Iraqi people to take a stand of pride, dignity and freedom and refuse both all forms of occupation and the mentality of the Takfiris and the results it produce… the Iraqi people should make all efforts to confront the danger of sectarian strife, which will not burn Iraq alone, but also the entire region.

Neither the Shiites nor the Sunnis will win, for everybody will lose when the temple will fall in heads of all parties.

A shock to the Enemy:

The Palestinians national unity government was born at last, following hard labour and tough political complications. It relies on its diversity to prepare for a balanced future in which the Palestinians run their affairs on the basis of cooperation and integration to protect the country from any internal fighting as a result of partisan negativities that imprison the people in closed corners. In addition, the Israeli intelligence is exploiting the Palestinian points of weakness to incite strife. That is why the success in forming the national unity government has been a shock to the enemy, who also exploited the Quartet Committee to impose impossible conditions on the Palestinians, such as recognizing Israel without asking it to recognize the rights of the Palestinian people. It also demands cessation of all resistance to the occupation without asking Israel to end occupation, except on its own terms that provide for confiscating most of the Palestinian lands. Thus, Israel declared that it does not recognize the Palestinian government and will not deal with it and asked other states to take a similar stand. America takes a vague stand, but it emphasizes that it will not deal with the representatives of Hamas, although democratically elected, since America considers this and other militant movements as terrorist organizations, since they are struggling to free their country, which America considers that it is the right of Israel to occupy, and considers all Israeli barbaric aggression acts as self-defence.

The need to support the Palestinians:

It is tragicomic that Rice commented on the statement of the Palestinian Prime Minister about the continuation of the resistance against occupation that she does not understand it and seeks clarifications, for she does not believe that the Palestinians have a right to resist occupation.

The EU has, meanwhile, taken a confusing attitude with some countries ready to deal with the Palestinian government, and others making reservations as a result of the American pressures.

On their part, the Arab and Muslim states should take a responsible stand with the Palestinian people and help their national unity government financially and politically, since this is what gives them the credibility of being Arabs and Muslims and earns them the respect of the world, especially that the Arabs are waiting for the Arab summit, hoping that it will be one of freedom, steadfastness and response to the issues of the nation. We are afraid on the other hand, that it will be a summit of concessions to America and Israel as the Arabs have been used to in previous stages.

There is a great challenge that has to do with the nation’s future, and the Arabs would either rise to the levels of this challenge or fall to the lowest level.

False accusations:

The Security Council imposed sanctions on Iran are based on false accusations of planning to produce nuclear weapons, although the Islamic Republic have emphasized that its project is a peaceful one. And we do not know if the Security Council is going to listen to the defence of the Iranian President on his country's right to posses peaceful nuclear energy, or if it would they take a balanced position, or does it want to deny Iran the right to obtain nuclear energy to develop its economy, since most of its states are driven by arrogant hatred on Islam and Muslims.

The Lebanese interests:

Lebanon is still subjected to international and regional polarization as well as internal partisan divisions, which veil any clear understanding of the political and economic situation. People are being led astray by the plots of those parties who have accepted new tutelages, and have become a part of the plots of the international parties, of which some want to regain its old influence while the others want to use Lebanon as a front to pressurize other regional states. In this respect, they have even failed the dialogue which faithful Lebanese attached big hopes on, by complicating the solutions through their fiery statements and political analysis.

The problem with these politicians who are looking to further their personal and partisan ambitions is that they are playing a game of football in which the ball is the country, and the goals scored are partisan goals and not a national ones, from which the country, which has become a politically economic and security orphan, gains.