Print out

Lectures > 2007 Speeches >20/07/2007

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, 20th July 2007 A.D, 05 Rajab 1428 H, several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

Commemorating Al-Imam A-Hadi
A spiritual extensive of the Prophet


 

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

Allah says in His Glorious Book: Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House! and to purify you a (thorough) purifying. One of those Imams is the 10th Imam, Ali bin Muhammad Al-Hadi, whose death anniversary was on the tenth of the Month of Rajab.

When we study any of those great Imams, we find that they used to continue the movement of the Message, explaining to the people all its realities, and facing the complications that some were trying to make. They used to represent the spirituality that is planted in the people's hearts and minds.

That is why the people used to trust them and follow them, whether those who believed in their imamate or those who did not.

We also know that the Imams of Ahl el-Beit were persecuted by the Abbasids, because the latter knew how much they were loved and respected by the people.

Consequently the Abbasids, were worried about their caliphate which could well have been overthrown and replaced by the rule of the Ahl el-Beit as the only legitimate authority the Muslims believe in.

We read in the Imam's biography, that the Abbasid caliph, Al-Mutawakil tried to hurt him several times. He sent some of his policemen who entered his house from the roof, because they were afraid that he had arms. But they found him reciting the Quran. On the other hand, Al-Mutawakil tried to bring the Imam (a.s.) to the capital so that he could be under his surveillance. He sent some people to bring him, which made the Medina, including its scholars and all its people, feel very worried because they were afraid that the Imam(a.s.) was going to be assassinated, but the men he sent, assured them of his safety.

His attitude with the people

In our commitment to the imamate of Ahl el-Beit, being the one who possess the real Islamic legitimacy, and the representatives of the Messenger (p.) whom they follow his line and continue his movements, we have to study some of the heritage the Imam(a.s.) left us, to learn from it:

A man came to the Imam on his death bed. The Imam told him that he is going to say something that will make him happy and said: my father Abu Muhammad bin Ali told me that Ali bin Musa said that his father Jaafar bin Muhammad told him that his father Abu Muhammad bin Ali told him that his father Ali bin Al-Hussein told him that his father Al-Hussein bin Ali told him that his father Ali bin Abi Tablib told him that he was with the Messenger who told him write,” and I said: write what? “And he said: Write: in the name of Allah the Compassionate the Merciful. Faith is what settles in the heart and is confirmed by actions while Islam is what is said by the tongue and what makes marriage lawful.

The man was very happy with this tradition especially that it goes back to the Messenger through a series of infallible narrators.

This tradition tells us that when Ali (a.s.) used to sit with the Messenger(p.) , the latter used to teach him some of his knowledge, and he used to write what he has been taught. The Imams tell us that many of what they used to say was taken from Ali's book.

Ali (a.s.) has recorded all what we used to learn from the Messenger(p.). We are also being told by the historians, that when the Prophet (p.) died, Imam Ali (a.s.) stayed at home for some time to write the interpretation of the meanings of the Glorious Quran, to record the secrets he knew from the Messenger as well as those he was able to deduce.

And this what he explained in his saying, when he said that to every branch of knowledge the Messenger has taught him, one thousand doers were opened.

Differentiating between Islam and belief

In the tradition we quoted above, the Messenger(p.) differentiates between Islam and belief. Islam represents the formal commitment to pronounce the two testimonies and consider yourself a member of the Islamic community. That is why Allah said: The desert Arabs say, "We believe." Say, "Ye have no faith; but ye (only)say, 'We have submitted our wills to Allah,' For not yet has Faith entered your hearts (49:14). While belief is what settles in the heart and involves every thing that man believes in whether regarding concepts and doctrines, or the way he acts in his daily life.

It is not enough to believe in your heart and mind. You have to confirm it through your actions.

A firm stand against exaggeration:

Exaggeration was common at the time of the Imam(a.s.) as it is present nowadays among some of the Shiites. At that time there was some one called Ali bin Hasaka who was trying to be close to the Shiites, taking advantage of their love to Ahl el-Beit to tell them that Imam Al-Hadi is Allah, and that since they know the Imam and follow him, they no longer have to pray, fast or perform pilgrimage. Since many people followed him, some of the Imam's companions asked him for his opinion, the Imam said: “Ibn Hasakah tells lies. The curse of Allah be on him! He is not one of my guardians. May Allah curse him. By Allah, Allah did not send Muhammad and the prophets before him except with prayer, zakat, fasting, hajj, and guardianship. Muhammad did not call except to Allah alone with no partner. So do we, the guardians from his progeny. We are servants of Allah not associating with Him anything. If we obey Him, He will have mercy on us and if we disobey Him, He will torture us. We do not have any authority on Allah but Allah has the authority on us and on all His creatures. I, before Allah, disavow whoever says that and I resort to Allah from this saying. Desert them! May Allah curse them. Block them up into narrow passages

The Imam took a decisive position against this trend that exploits the love of Ahl el-Beit to elevate them to be almost gods, while we, including the imams, are the servants of God who obey Him, and this is what we say in our testimony. "I bear witness that Muhammad's His servant and Messenger". The greatness of the Imams is that the worshipped Allah as He should be worshipped, and obeyed him as he should be obeyed. We have to stand against this deviation that is the result of ignorance and backwardness.

We love Ahl El-Beit and believe in their Imamate, on the basis of being the honoured servants of Allah who follow His commands.

Rationality

A third point the Imam (a.s.) wanted to emphasize the importance was rationality. Asked by an Arab scholar called Ibn Sukait, why did Allah, the most Exalted, send Musa with magic, Jesus with medicine and Muhammad with speeches, Imam Al-Hadi said: When Allah, the most Exalted, sent Musa, magic was dominant in that age. Then, Allah sent Musa and gave him what the others could not do, thus proving that he was sent by God and that this was not a worldly act. And when he sent Jesus, there were many infectious diseases. And Allah provided him with the medicine for there diseases. (Thus, proving that this was sent by God since he even brought back the dead to life by God’s will).

And when he sent Muhammad (p.), eloquence and speech were the dominant factors. So, The Messenger (p.) brought them by God's grace the wisdoms that acted as a proof that it was God's talk and not that of any human.

Stunned by this logic, the Arabic scholar asked: “And what is the dominant element today?” The Imam said: “It is the mind by which the honest knows God and the dishonest lies on Him”.

We understand by this saying of the Imam that we have to be rational and relay on the mind in all our affairs whether cultural, political, economic, or military.

Correcting misconceptions

The Imam used to correct the prevailing misconceptions about Islam within the community like believing that certain days were unlucky and holding them responsible for the catastrophes that might happen to them, like losing a loved one. This is an idea that Islam rejects because the day has nothing to do with what happens in it. Days are merely a part of the ongoing time. One of the companions of the Imam Al-Hadi, Al-Hassan Bin Massoud tells the following story:

“One day I visited the Imam Al-Hadi, having had an accident in which my shoulder was hurt and my clothes were torn and I said: ‘What a bad day. My God prevent it from making more troubles for me.’ The Imam said: ‘You are putting the blame for your faults on someone that can make no mistakes.’ So I knew that I was wrong and I asked God to forgive me. The Imam said: ‘What have the days to do with whether or not you are punished for the sins you have committed.’”

“Corruption has appeared in the land and the sea on account of what the hands of men have wrought, that He may make them taste a part of that which they have done, so that they may return” (30:41)

“Then, when I started to ask God for forgiveness again, the Imam (as) said to me: ‘God will punish you for blaming the days for what they are not responsible for. Don’t you know that God is the One Who rewards and the One Who punishes.”

 

These are the lessons of Imam Al-Hadi, the lessons of our Imams, who relate to us what the Messenger (p.) and Allah, The Most Exalted, have said.

May Allah, bestow on us their intercession, and hold us firm in our following to them.

Peace be on Imam Al-Hadi the day he was born, the day he died and the day he will be brought back to life.

 

 

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

The American President, George Bush, has called for an international conference to discuss the establishment of a "viable" Palestinians state that would be attended by the Palestinians, the Israelis and some neighbouring countries and headed by the American Secretary of State.

President Bush did not miss the opportunity to call on the Palestinians to denounce violence and terrorism against the Israelis and warn Hamas not to exploit its control over Gaza to confront the Emergency Government. He also called on Israel not to expand the settlements and remove the unauthorized checkpoints. Moreover, he asked the moderate Arab states to help in building the Palestinian state, by making additional diplomatic and economic efforts, and by following the example of Egypt and Jordan in recognizing Israel.

The American Administration needs an Arab and Islamic support for such a call, since the Palestinian cause is the major issue in the eyes of the Arabs and Muslims who consider America responsible for what is happening in Palestine, since it supports Israel's occupation of the Palestinian lands, committing brutal massacres against Palestinian civilians and destroying the infrastructure, thus undermining the American credibility in the region.

Although the American President has been repeating for the last few years his call for a Palestinian state, he has considered right from the beginning the Palestinians to be responsible for the failure in establishing such a state, since he considers the resistance against the occupation an act of terror. What he is really seeking to establish is the Israeli security. To do this, he has supported Israeli's occupation of the lands, building the settlements and the separating wall, and making reservations on the Road Map to empty it of any real content.

An Israeli official has declared that Israel is not ready to negotiate over the borders, the refugees and Jerusalem, which poses the question to those who recognize Israel about the borders of the state they had recognized. And to those who demand to recognize Israel the question is: What is the legal form of this recognition of a country whose borders extend to most of the Palestinian lands?

We believe that the call of President Bush aims at gaining political concessions, and to continue to irradiate the Resistance.

It is a call to enable Israel to create favourable conditions to implement its expansionist strategy and force the Palestinians and the Arabs, through the Palestinian Authority and the Arab regimes, to offer additional concessions, while providing some face saving measures. Israel and the US also want to normalize relations with the Arab states, especially those of the Gulf who should visit Israel following the steps of the late President Sadat. The net result of all these steps is a Palestinian state that is unable to exist and live. Moreover, America might also be seeking to create an Arab front against Iran, which might embarrass the official Arab line.

Everyone knows that this president who is controlled by Israel will not establish a Palestinian state, but he is going to leave it to the next president, following a policy of deceit, like several American presidents before him who were more loyal to Israel than their own country.

The Developments on the Palestinian Front:

The meeting between the President of the Palestinian Authority and the Enemy's Prime minister was one of exchanging empty complements.

The Enemy's Prime Minister continued to storm Palestinian towns and villages in the West Bank, detaining or assassinating wanted Palestinians.

He also did not remove any of the roadblocks that humiliate the Palestinian and complicate their lives. He also warned Abbas that if he resumed his talks with Hamas and reinstituted the coalition government, the political process that is currently taking place between the Authority and Israel will collapse.

The enemy's radio said that any of the major issues like the borders, Jerusalem and the refugees, were not discussed in the meeting.

Thus, the meeting between the wolf and the prey ended with no real results. This is what explains the refusal of Abass and his followers to hold a dialogue with Hamas. The welcome the Authority's government received by America, Israel, Europe the Arabs was a welcome to ending any political role of Hamas and planning to end the resistance against occupation, a case in point would be the Aqsa Brigades announcement of ending violence against Israel.

We see in these developments, and in the American, European and Arab positions, an imminent danger on the future of the Palestinian cause, especially after appointing Tony Blair, the former British Prime Minister, as a representative of the Quartet Committee.

American Extortion

The Islamic world is still under extortion from the officials that the arrogant world, headed by America. This extortion aims at undermining the liberation movements that seeks to free their countries from occupation and hegemony under the pretence of fighting terrorism, that has changed into an American international war against all those who oppose the US arrogant policies.

This is what we notice in Pakistan whose president has committed a horrific massacre against civilians in the "Red Mosque" that was applauded by the American President who supports changing the situation in the country into a state of chaos, similar to what had happened in Afghanistan and Iraq, where the American constructive chaos has turned into a series of brutal massacres committed against innocent civilians.

We are following up the movement of this satanic administration that aims at transforming the Muslim world in a war front, a place where strife thrives and where chaos dominates. We want the Muslim world to stand strongly against this plot, and we ask the Organization of the Islamic Conference to call for a meeting for its states to confront this American scheme that is destroying the Muslims states and people alike.

In Lebanon, the returning of the participants in the Saint Cloud meeting that suggested an atmosphere or truce, and led to the emergence of certain naïve emotions…

They are now waiting for a new visit for a French official whom we do not know how much ability does he have to solve the problem, especially after the new political developments concerning the issue of the majority of two thirds needed for the election of the President.

We have to keep our eyes on the American position that began to hinder the French effort, since it does not want any Arab or western effort to step out of the lines American has drawn. Thus, the Lebanese question will remain a hostage to the Americans who will thwart any effort to resolve it by means of the political ceilings they had put to the international and regional parties.

Internal and External complications:

The problem of the Lebanese crisis lies in the fact that it is associated with the regional crisis, which means that the international and Arab parties that seek to find a solution find themselves having to contact several states who have certain interests in the way things develop in Lebanon. Then there are the internal political and security complications that stem from the concern of those politicians and clerics in charge of the confessions in Lebanon to hinder a solution in order to save the privileges of their confessions whether in the civil service or that respect certain cultural sensitivities, especially after the first anniversary of the victory of the Resistance against the Zionist aggression, that has written a new chapter of pride in the Arab – Israeli struggle, at a time the Zionists are talking about a plan for a new war in the region to regain the Zionist Army's reputation as an invincible army.

Although we do not foresee a realistic chance for such a war, whether in Lebanon, Syria or Iran, we have to be vigilant and cautious, and support the Resistance which possesses the courage, the experience and the readiness to face any development in the region.