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Lectures > 2007 Speeches > 19/10/2007

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, 19th October 2007 A.D, 8 Chawal 1428 H. several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

Islam Piety of actions and intentions


 

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

Allah, The Most Exalted, says: Be quick in the race for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Garden whose width is that (of the whole) of the heavens and of the earth, prepared for the righteous,- Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves those who do good;-
And those who, when they do an evil thing or wrong themselves, remember Allah and implore forgiveness for their sins - Who forgives sins save Allah only? - And will not knowingly repeat (the wrong) they did. For such the reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath,- an eternal dwelling: How excellent a recompense for those who work (and strive)!

In these Ayahs, Allah calls all people to hasten, through their actions saying dealings and relations, to attain God's forgiveness for their sins. Those whom Allah forgives, being faithful in their repentance, will be rewarded by being in Paradise.

Nevertheless, to attain such a reward one has to acquire certain traits. The first is piety which is of two kinds:

The personal piety: to observe all religions duties and to abstain form doing all what Allah has prohibited.

The second type of piety is the social one, which has to do with man's relations with others. In the society there are those who do not have the mean of sustaining a decent life, either because they have not found a job or because there are not able to work out of sickness.

There are also the orphans who have no one to sustain them. Piety in this case is providing for this people from the money Allah has given you whether you are rich or poor (whether in prosperity, or in adversity). To give a little from the money you earned through hard work is better than deprivation.

Those who do so are pious, because their behavior is a result of both their love to Allah and willingness to obey Him. Allah says: Believe in Allah and His messenger, and spend (in charity) out of the (substance) whereof He has made you heirs. For, those of you who believe and spend (in charity),- for them is a great Reward, which means that you are not free in spending the money Allah has given you in any way you like. You are entrusted with it to spend it in the ways that Allah has defined. It is not your money to say that I am free to spend it as I see fit. It is Allah's money. You, your money and your life are for Allah and you own nothing for yourself: And He giveth you of all that ye ask for. But if ye count the favours of Allah, never will ye be able to number them. Allah Says I have given you the money, and I tell you how to spend it.

Social piety

Allah has given you the money and held you responsible for spending them on the poor and needy And those in whose wealth there is a fixed portion. For the (needy) who asks and him who is prevented (for some reason from asking); as well as your wife and children. You are not free to spend your money on your desires and whims and deny your wife and children. The money you give your wife to sustain her is her right, regardless if she is employed or not.

The Traits of the pious

The pious are those who spend on the needy whether they are poor or rich.

They are those who restrain anger. If you have problem whether with your family or in your social or political environment, you would restrain your anger and not burst into cursing or fighting. Restraining the anger is one of the qualities deepens the faith of the people, to all extent that it is mind one of our traditions says: He who restrains his anger Allah will fill his heart with belief.

Imam Ali explains that: When do I satisfy my anger: When I am able to and I am asked to forgive, and when I am not able to and I am asked to be patient, which means that you ought to restrain anger when you are in a position that enables you to hit back and to be patient when you can do nothing about.

Imam Zein Al-Ibdeen considers restraining anger as the sweetest drink he ever had, because when you restrain your anger, you are practicing an act of extreme control which shows how strong you are. Then there are those who pardon others, which according to Quran is nearer to piety. You have the right to punish, but when it is between punishment and pardon it is better to pardon since it indicates your sublime manners.

A pious is the one who does good, for Allah loves those who do good. One of the imams had a maid servant, who dropped a bowl of water on his head, and injured him.

But the woman immediately recited the Ayah: "And those who control their anger", and he said I have restrained my anger.

She continued the Ayah to say: "And those who forgive people," and he said that he had forgiven her. She then added "and Allah loves those who do good" and he said that she was free.

A pious is also one of those when if they commit a sin or wrong themselves, they will ask Allah for forgiveness, since He is the only one who forgives the sins, and they will not willingly repeat the wrong they did. Those people will be rewarded. And those who, when they do an evil thing or wrong themselves, remember Allah and implore forgiveness for their sins - Who forgives sins save Allah only? - and will not knowingly repeat (the wrong) they did.

The freedom of will

Allah, in this Ayah, is letting man choose between being one of those who restrain anger and forgive others to be awarded by Paradise and between Hellfire, just as Al-Hur bin Yazid Al-Riyah found himself in a position that he had to choose between fighting Imam Al-Hussein and between being with Allah. He started to tremble, when one of his companions asked him: How can you tremble? If I were asked who is the bravest man in Kufa. I would have chosen you. Al-Hur answered I am trembling because I am choosing between Paradise and Hell; between fighting Al-Hussein and remaining in my position as army commander or joining him as a soldier.

He then said: In such a choice I will choose no other thing than Paradise even if I were cut to pieces. He then want to the Imam and fought with him until he was martyred.

Dear loved ones

Let us be free, as the Commander of the Faithful said: "Let us be free towards our desires and all people, but slaves before Allah.

 

 

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The American and Israeli plots

All statements and positions regarding the "peace" conference the American President has called for, suggest that all ideas the conference is supposed to discuss will be lost in the mazes of time. Israel will have the political freedom to complicate things and make them reach a dead end, just like all the other previous conferences. The conference's aim therefore is to polish the international image of Israel and force the Arabs to normalize their relations with it, at a time the United States announced that the Enemy and the Palestinian Authority will not be able to solve in a brief document the problems that have been accumulated for decades.

Moreover, America does not want to impose on Israel anything it does not accept, which means that the conference will not yield any positive results regarding the so-called peace.

We find in all this that America is selling the PA and the Arabs a political illusion that will move them from one failure to the other, and that might throw them into the maze of American politics that aims at benefiting from the element of time while working on completing the full normalization between the Arabs and Israelis. The Jewish state meanwhile has turned into a de-facto realty that is accepted in the politics security and economy of the entire world which is pressurizing the Arabs, including PA officials, to accept what Israel imposes on them.

We advise the Arab officials, especially the PA, to refuse to attend the conference that will not offer them anything other than deceit, and that will refer them to another conference that will be held when the new administration is in office, which is the typical American way of freezing and confusing the issue leading to presenting additional concessions until nothing remains in the end.

On a parallel level, the Zionist entity stresses, this time through his defence minister, that Israel absolutely refuses to withdraw from parts of east Jerusalem, including the old city, meaning that the vital issues that the negotiations should focus on are refused by Israel in principle.

The proponents of the Arab peace initiative had hoped that the US will add some guarantees and rewards to their concessions, leading Israel to feel assured and offer some concessions. But Israel accepted the political gain that was presented to it, when a delegation represented the Arab Summit held talks with its officials but refused to offer any concessions and not even a marginal one.

The Americans – and the Israelis- have succeeded in making the people in Arabia and the Gulf afraid of Iran and its increasing influence in the region under the pretence of the Shiite threat which America has deployed some leaders, religious authorities and the "moderate" states to face.

This is what the Arabs should understand to distinguish between the real enemy who occupied their lands in Palestine and the friend who extends his hand to cooperate in politics, economy and security, so that they will not commit the same mistake of the Iraqi – Iranian war.

Iraq: an end to occupation

The Iraqis are still suffering from the brutality and barbarism of the American occupation that commits, through his army and security companies, additional massacres, in addition to the atrocities committed by the Takfiris.

We have declared many times that Iraq will not find a solution to its problem without putting an end to the American occupation, the root cause of its chaos and divisions that have destabilized the entire region.

Lebanon's political complication

The American Administrations is still talking about Lebanon in a vague way, giving general statements that do not enter into details except behind closed doors. This is accompanied by the intervention of some NATO parties who are trying to benefit from the Lebanese crisis in the context of the new cold war between Russia and the US. Then there are the attempts to launch an initiative to conduct negotiations between the majority and the opposition, which we do not know if it can succeed owing to the negative statements that some parties are making by distributing accusations and inciting strife. There is also a Christian initiative led by the Maronite Patriarch, which is caught between the political differences of the presidential candidates. Moreover, it seems difficult for the European initiative to succeed.

But the problem of the Lebanese lies somewhere else. It is in the chaos in their living conditions that left them to hunger and deprivation, and the feeling that they are left outside the state whose government takes many decisions but is unable to implement them.

To top all of this, we have the taxes that have been put on the fuel the people need for winter, and the increase in prices of the commodities that have consumed the income of the poor and the middle classes, as well as unemployment that causes people to immigrate.

The problem is not who the next president is, but is there a balanced regime that guarantees people's rights away from sectarian discrimination. Is there a political generation capable of overcoming its personal interests to take care of its people and country?

Finally, we would like to congratulate the Resistance for freeing a prisoner and some of the bodies of martyrs. And hope that these efforts continue until there remains not even one Arab or Lebanese prisoner in the enemy's prisons. We would like to emphasize that this enemy understands only the language of holding fast and maintaining all points of strength.