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Lectures > 2006 Speeches > 17/11/2006

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, November 17, 2006, Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

Imam As-Sadiq
An Islamic Role Model in Knowledge Piety and Dialogue

 

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

A Universal Islamic school

Allah says in His Glorious Book And Allah only wishes to remove all abomination from you, ye members of the Family, and to make you pure and spotless.
 One of the Imams of this household of the Prophet is Imam As-Sadiq whose death anniversary is on the 25th of the month of Shawal. When we talk about this Imam we are talking about this broad objective Islamic school that enrolled, as students, all the religious scholars of that age with the aim of not only calling for Islam but also to correct any deviation and to guide to the Muslim society to the sublime morals of Islam.

Moreover, the Imam touched on the various Islamic issues building an ideological and theological basis for Islamic philosophy. He used to guide people to listen to the mind and not to be driven by passions that might lead to man's fall. The mind on the other hand, works by the rules. It is the means that Allah has provided us to distinguish right from wrong, and, as such, be held responsible since it is man's Holy part that receives Allah's orders.

The Imam of dialogue

The Imam focused on dialogue and considered that there no taboos in it. He used to talk with those who differ with him in their sectarian beliefs, presenting his proofs and arguments. He also used to conduct dialogues with those who differ with him in religion, such as the atheists, with an open mind that listened to what they had to say and a humanitarian attitude that believed in their freedom of speech, even if what they were saying was offending, because he wanted them to say anything they were thinking of, so that he could convince them of its falseness.

The Imam used to sit in Al-Masjid Al-Haram, with people praying and turning round the Kaaba, and receive the atheists who used to mock their acts of worship with such statements as: “for how long are you going to pound this threshing floor?”

Yet he answered them in a humanitarian and calm way resorting to his grandfather's (The Messenger (p.)) method of saying that is best.

Thus, the Imam was a champion or dialogue, and this is what all the callers especially if they are Imams, should resort to. They should not be infuriated by the opinion of others, but rather they should try to influence them by their views by wisdom and debate with the best words and means. He was even described by one of those who used to gather around him: "I have never seen anyone who deserves to be called humanitarian except Jaa'far bin Muhammad.

The Imam of Scholars and Knowledge

Imam As-Sadiq was the teacher of that stage, whom all scholars of the various sects used to learn from. One of his students was Abu Hanifa, the Imam of the Hanafi sect, who spent two years in the Imam's school.

Abu Hanifa used to say: had it not been for these two years, I would have been damned. For although Abu Hanifa did not become a Jaafari, he learned the various religious sciences in these two years. Abu Hanifa also reports that he was asked by Abu Jaa'far Al-Mansour, the Abassid Khalifate of that age, to paper forty complicated questions to Jaafar bin Muhammad for he has charmed the people. Faced by these questions, the Imam used to say: We say this and the people of Medina say that and that group says that, until he went through all the different opinions.

Thus Abu Hanifa concluded:

"He is the most knowledgeable person, since the most knowledgeable is the one who know best the peoples' differences:

A historian of that era says that I entered the Mosque and saw 900 Sheiks each saying: "Jaafar bin Muhammad As-Sadiq told me" .He was the teacher of that age, the teacher of those who agreed with him and those who don't for they all used to go back to him, and it is said that those who narrated his traditions exceeded four thousand scholars.

Piety and dedication.

The Imam also represented the highest level of spiritually. When we read his supplications, we find out that he was the man who loved God and was loved by Him, and who was dedicated to Allah in all his mind spirit and life. He opened up on all people, talking to and guiding them. He wanted his followers to learn about all their religion. He also wanted them not to offend or hurt others even those who differ with them in their opinions saying: It is very easy to please the people; just do not offend them with what you say. He believed that the differences in opinion necessitate dialogue with the best mean that avoids cursing or insulting. Allah has prevented us from abusing others for it will lead to a reaction of the same kind. And do not abuse those whom they call upon besides Allah, lest exceeding the limits they should abuse Allah out of ignorance. 

Moreover, the Imams, including Imam Jaffar, followed what Imam Ali believed in, to uphold Islamic unity and to avoid abusing those who differ with them.

The commander of the faithful said: "I will remain peaceful as long as the affairs of the Muslims are maintained and the only wronging committed falls on me personally .He also said: I dislike you starting to abuse them, but if you describe their deeds and recount their situations that would be a better mode of speaking and a more convincing way of arguing. Instead of abusing them you should say, "O' Allah! save our blood and their blood, produce reconciliation between us and them, and lead them out of their misguidance so that he who is ignorant of the truth may know it, and he who inclines towards rebellion and revolt may turn away from it."

This is the legacy of Ahl el-Beit and this is their moral system. They wanted to attract people by wisdom and using the best means in dialogue. One of our Imams said: "Keep our memory alive, May Allah have mercy on those who do so".

Asked how we do that, he said: Relate to them our sayings. They will learn about our supreme morals, and thus they will love us. This is the way to make the Muslims love our Imams and this is what we want all our religious men and reciters of Ashoura to remember: to tell the people the truth and not myths.

Imam As-Sadiq wanted us to uphold Islamic unity. Asked what should they do with their relatives and members of the community of the other sects, he said:

"Pray with them, visit their sick, and attend their funerals, so that people will say: May God bless Jaafar bin Muhammad; he educated his companions on good manners. The Imam wanted the Shiite Muslims to open up on the Sunni Muslims, which does not mean that they have to offer concessions that have to do with their faith: He used to say: Abu Bakir is twice my father since he was his grandfather from the mother's side. This does not mean that he recognizes his caliphate, but he wanted the people to take the ethical and humanitarian aspects into consideration.

Our following to Ahl el-Beit is part of our Message and Islamic belief. They are the ones who embody the Message. May Allah bless Imam As-Sadiq, his fathers and his children, when they were born, when they died, and when they will be brought back to life. 

  The Second Sermon 

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful 

A Persistent American Policy

President Bush had given Israel, in the name of self-defence the green light to kill Palestinian women children and the elderly, and destroy their houses in Bet Yahoon.

His UN Security Council Representative used the veto against the draft resolution that mildly condemned Israel.

This is the fortieth US Veto that is made to support the enemy, encourage it to carry on its aggression against the Palestinians, and humiliate the Arab and Muslim worlds whose majority of its regimes are under the hegemony of the US administration that despises their leaders, for it does not respect those who yield to its political pressures.

On anointer level, the visit of the Zionist Prime Minister has renewed Washington's support, for the continued aggression of the Jewish State against the Palestinians. The American President whose policy’s cornerstone in the region is the Israeli interests, has even promised Olmert to oppose the idea of an international conference.

It is also shocking that Bush has asked the enemy's prime minister to train the Israeli armed forces to avoid being defeated again, promising to provide the Israelis with advances weapons that will kill more Lebanese and Palestinians. In this respect, the Zionist officials have declared that the cluster bombs they have bombed the Lebanese southern villages are made in the US, and that they are but a part of what the US administration has provided to the Israeli Army that has not  submitted the maps of these bombs to the Lebanese Army or the UNIFIL.

Arab incompetence

The Arab foreign ministers who met in Cairo decided to lift the blockade on the aids to the Palestinian people. But this is the least they ought to do, for they did not take advantage of the pressure cards they possess against Israel and America, being afraid of the consequences and the impact of such an action on their personal positions and interests. Such a state of affairs makes the state of Arab weakness persistent, and keeps them on the margin of international affairs especially when their vital interests are concerned.

Repercussions of an Aggression against Iran

 In Iran, the American President with his black Israeli hatred has assured the enemy's prime minister that although he lost the midterm elections, he can still carry out what he had previously declared of not allowing Iran to turn into a nuclear state even for peaceful purposes. And that he will use the UN to impose multiple sanctions if Iran does not succumb.

We believe that the Islamic Republic of Iran has all the means to defend itself against any Israeli or American aggression that can lead to regional and international political or military catastrophes, turning the world in what is left of Bush's term into a place more violent and less secure with the terrorists acts increasing.

This will lead to extraordinary complications to the American interests with the free nations resisting the American hegemony. We even feel that the American people will continue to pressurize their Administration, protesting against its wars in Iraq, Lebanon and Afghanistan.

It is ironic, in this respect, that the enemy's prime minister is calling on the "moderate" Arab countries to stand against Iran in its nuclear project, since in his view, it represents a threat to them and the world, but he does not talk about his nuclear arsenal.

The American solution for Iraq: Division

Iraq is still in the darkness of the catastrophe that struck its people with tens or hundreds of Iraqis being killed by the occupation forces or the Takifiris death squads, while the losses in the occupation forces are but few.

We have always stressed that the root cause of the Iraqi economic and security tragedy is the occupation that created this barbaric attitude of the Takifiris hatred that continues its war on the innocent civilians. In addition, the American media is promoting the idea of dividing Iraq. Time Magazine has described such an idea as the realistic solution, and the best one for all parties. It considered that the US should give up the idea of creating a new unified Iraq. It should let the country disintegrate into its three components – the Shiites, the Sunnis and the Kurds, turning Iraq into mini-states that are ruled by the US and fall under the influence of Israel, giving it the chance to further weaken Iraq and interfere in its affairs.

Lebanon and the Sectarian complications

We were hoping that the Lebanese would rise to the great victory against the Zionist enemy, but the sectarian-political complications, of several parties, led to the country to plunge in the caves of the international plans for the region, especially the American plan that made Lebanon a base for its pressures both on Lebanese and regional parties, exploiting the country's suffering of internal division due to the sectarian loaded discourse most politicians hold. They are practicing deceit to the extent that the dialogue many parties are asking for lacks any essence, being only talk and no action.

The Lebanese people of all parties are living a pressing economic crisis, fearing form the security developments and are influenced by the sectarian dividing incitation. The Politicians promote these divisions to insure that they stay in their positions. Lebanon is floundering in hatred rancour and hostility, with no voice calling for love even in the religious discourse. Where is Lebanon heading to?