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Lectures > 2006 Speeches > 16/06/2006

In the Name of Allah, The Compassionate, the Merciful.

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque,16th June 2006, Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

The Nation's Responsibility to enjoin the right and forbid the wrong


The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

God says in His Glorious Book:

Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong: They are the ones to attain felicity.

He also says to the Muslims:

"You are the best of peoples evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right forbidding what is wrong and believing in Allah". He also says: And (as for) the believing men and the believing women, they are guardians of each other; they enjoin good and forbid evil and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, and obey Allah and His Messenger; (as for) these, Allah will show mercy to them; surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.

In these Ayahs, as well as others, Allah, the Most Exalted, emphasizes the principle of enjoining the right and forbidding the wrong which He made the most essential value that could rise the nation to the level of the best nations, since it is the nation that holds the responsibility of being sublime in the spiritual moral and social aspects.

The issue of enjoining good and forbidding wrong is an issue which is demanded of each person conditions and potentials.

It is also an issue that has to do with the major causes as well as the minor. That is why Allah wanted the people to enjoin good and forbid evil that is why the Quran tells us about Lukman’s teaching his son: O my son! establish regular prayer, enjoin what is just, and forbid what is wrong: and bear with patient constancy whatever betide thee; for this is firmness (of purpose) in (the conduct of) affairs .He also advises each one of us: O ye who believe! save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is Men and Stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who flinch not (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do (precisely) what they are commanded.

Imam Al-Baqir says: enjoining the good and forbidding the evil are two of God's traits. Who abides by them, Allah will support him while who fails them Allah will fail him. The Messenger (p.) says: Who enjoins good and forbids evil is Allah's caliph on earth, and also the caliph of His Messenger's. Imam Ali (a.s.) says: The Sharia is established by enjoining good and forbidding evil and observing Allah's limits.

He also considered that all good deeds and struggling for the cause of Allah do not reach the level of enjoining good and forbidding evil, because it establishes the line of justice and elevates people to be closer to God.

As to the manifestations of enjoining the good, it includes returning the trusts and being just when in position of ruling, since justice is the basic Divine rule of life.

Imam Ali (a.s.) says: " Enjoining good is the best of human deeds" He also says: "Who enjoins good strengthens the Muslims backbone".

The Messenger(p.) said that Allah hates the weak believer who has no religion, asked who that is, the Messenger(p.) replied it is he who does not forbid evil. He also says: "A believing soul should not see Allah disobeyed without denouncing it”, Imam As-Sadiq says: If the believer sees evil being committed and does not forbid it although he is able to, He likes Allah to be disobeyed".

The Path of Good

Allah tells us about why those who disbelieved were cursed: Curses were pronounced on those among the Children of Israel who rejected Faith, by the tongue of David and of Jesus the son of Mary: because they disobeyed and persisted in excesses. They used not to forbid each other the hateful things (which) they did; certainly evil was that which they did.

Imam Ali (a.s.) says that they were perished because they committed sins, without being forbidden by their priests and rabbis. Imam Hassan "Allah cursed those who disbelieved among the children of Israel because they saw the oppressors practicing evil and corruption and did not forbid them, either because of what they were receiving of them or because they feared their retaliation.

Imam As-Sadiq relates that when the verse that instructs the Muslims to avoid hellfire was revealed, one of the believers began to cry and say: How could I protect my family. The Messenger (p.) told him: It is enough to call them for what you call yourself and forbid them from what you forbid yourself.

Thus, you should not ignore any evil committed by your family, or act indifferently.

He also says: Woo to the people who do not support the religion of Allah by enjoining good and forbidding evil.

Imam Baqir says: Enjoining good and forbidding evil is the path of prophets and the pious; a great duty that leads to performing all other duties, secures the religion, and deems gains lawful and builds the earth, and punishes the enemies, and straightness up all affairs.

This great duty is relevant to all our affairs. It is not, as people think, limited to a certain aspect. Good has to do with everything. It has to do with praying fasting, performing pilgrimage, and paying Alms taxes and giving charity. It also has to do with performing one's duty towards one's family by feeding and clothing them.

Forbidding evil, on the other hand, means to keep away from what Allah has prohibited like consuming alcohol, gambling, adultery and taking the money of others unlawfully. It we see people forsaking their duties and committing the prohibited, we have to enjoin the good and forbid the evil.

Imam Ali (a.s.) says: Enjoining good and forbidding evil do not near a person's death or lesson his sustenance He also told his sons; Imam Hassan and Hussein: Do not leave the issue of enjoining good and forbidding evil, lest you will be ruled by the evil among you, and you will call on Allah, and will not be responded to.

We have to bear the reasonability of what Allah has held us responsible for: All of you are shepherds and each is responsible for his folk. Therefore, Allah wants us to eliminate the negative aspects in our societies and institute the positive ones, for this is what makes the society a dignified honourable pious and strong one. Man is not responsible for himself only, but also for his people and his society. This is what Allah wants and this is what we should compete on.


The Second Sermon


Death of Humanitarian Feelings

Israel is trying to disavow from the massacre of the Gaza beach by all possible excuses; including that is was mistake. Nevertheless, as its press is talking about the brutality of the massacre and the responsibilities of its army, the American president describes it as an act of self-defence, because he believes that Israel alone possesses this right. He is not moved by the scene of the innocent child that was crying in front of her family, for he no longer has any human feelings of sympathy and compassion, except if the children were Jews. Any other children like those in Palestine and Iraq are merely insects that could be slain in cold blood.

The problem with this President is that he does not recognize the Palestinians’ right to defend themselves, even against the Zionist atrocities.

Nevertheless, he continues to talk about human rights, which America and Israel, violate daily whether by torture of detainees or shelling civilian houses starving economic blockade …etc

This is what the downtrodden world should understand about the West that talks about human civilization, while Israel continues to bomb and the arrogant world, along with some Arab regimes, keep silent and indifferent.

The Resistance should continue

Perhaps the biggest problem in Palestine is the internal Palestinian struggle that could lead to internal strife and a row about the continuity of the Resistance. Some officials are pressurizing for the unconditional recognition of Israel although it did not promise to recognize the legitimate rights of the Palestinians. It only accepts the negotiations that emphasize Israeli rejection of the Palestinian vital issues, such as the right of return, the withdrawal from Jerusalem, demolishing the wall and dismantling the settlements…which means that what it wants is unconditional surrender.

We believe that the stage now is one of the continuity of the resistance and not the establishing the state, since its establishment is tied to several political and security restrictions, and since it reveals that the West is lying when it talks about the freedom of nations, while it accepts the occupation of one people to another. That is why we believe that all the people of Palestine should continue to embrace the Resistance since it confuses all international and Israeli – and even Arab defeatist plans, and since they will not gain any of their rights through the Quartet Committee or the Arab Resolutions.

The Iraqi Tragedy

Iraq's security is still in a very bad shape, to the extent that the American President had to take all precautions so as not to be assassinated in Iraq. Nevertheless, he still talks about the American victory, without thinking about the need to save the Iraqi people from the occupation that was catastrophic in all aspects. Moreover, in addition to plundering the Iraqi wealth, the American intelligence allied with the Mosad has succeeded in inciting sectarian strife.

We call upon the wounded Iraqi people who moves, as a result of the occupation from one problem to another and who also have to face the Takifiris who threaten the Shiites and the Sunnis who want to solve the problem by taking part in the political process with killing and bombing….

We call on them to rise above the sectarian differences to be able to focus on the real problem of occupation and the need to gain their freedom and independence, before it is too late.

Lebanon's security

Lebanon, which is still vulnerable to Israel intelligence on the security level, as it is to the political tutelage of foreign powers, desperately needs a review of many of its plans and conditions to prevent the Israeli penetration that represents the real danger on the country.

The discovering of the Israeli terrorist network reposes the question regarding the stand the states that claim to care about the Lebanese sovereignty especially the EU should take. We did not hear from them any condemnation of these Israeli subversions.

Moreover, The US that demands that Syria should withdraw its intelligence from Lebanon did not utter a word asking Israel to stop interfering in Lebanon.

The Army and the Resistance

Ruling out the Israeli role in destabilizing Lebanon is an act of unprecedented political naivety, if not complicity. The discovering of terrorist network although it proves that there is a watchful eye represented by the Resistance and the Army, indicates that there is a need to enhance the elements of internal protection especially the Resistance.

The assassinations committed by this network call for asking the UN to investigate all the crimes Israel has committed in Lebanon, and explore the possibility of being responsible for several other assassinations in Lebanon.

The officials, especially those involved in the dialogue, should not depend on the US to stop the Israeli role in Lebanon. They should be objective in that they should depend on the protection of the Resistance and its arms, as part of the Lebanese defuse strategy.