The First Sermon
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil
Allah says in His Glorious Book: And from
among you there should be a party who invite to good and enjoin what
is right and forbid the wrong, and these it is that shall be
In this Holy Ayah and in several other Ayahs and
Traditions, God and His Messenger(p.) emphasize that enjoining good
and forbidding wrong is one of the religious duties. The Good in this
case encompasses all what Allah wants man to do, because it benefits
man, while the wrong is all what Allah wants man to leave because it
hurts his private or public life.
Thus enjoining good and forbidding evil is a
religious duty just as any other religious daily, such as praying,
fasting and pilgrimage.
It also has, like other duties, an execution
procedure, determining how to perform it. Through this social duty
Allah wanted the nation to act as a watcher over itself by asking a
party of the nation to monitor all what is happening in the community
in order to determine how much the community is committed to what
Allah has ordered them to do and what he prevented them from doing, so
that they would correct any deviation from the Right path using all
The Nation's Issues
This duty of enjoining the good and forbidding the
wrong is not restricted to personal or individual issues in man's
behaviour. It also includes all social defects and deviations,
including when people happen to be influenced by sectarian incitations
which threaten the unity of the nation over its vital and crucial
causes, as well as its religion. In such cases, the entire community
should thwart causes, as well as its religious. In such cases the
entire world should thwart the attempts to incite civil or sectarian
strife and confront those who incite them. They should try to mediate
between the people when they differ and confront all rumours that
weaken the nation and undermine its immunity.
This is also true with respect to the nation's
economy: When people start to unlawfully taking the rights and money
of the others, ignoring what Allah has prohibited, or if the merchants
start to monopolize goods, especially the vital materials…In such a
case, we have to execute this religious duty that calls for standing
against the monopolizers and the cheaters or those who make mischief
on earth this is also what Imam Ali said in last will in which he told
his sons Imams Hassan and Hussein as well as all those whom his
message is conveyed to: "Be adversaries to the wrongdoer and
supporters of the wronged.”
Thus, the duty of enjoining the good and forbidding
the bad is a duty that encompasses all social aspects of life and one
that deals with any social deviation on all levels. This means that
the nation should educate itself and learn what is permissible and
what is prohibited and what is good and what is bad. One can not
enjoin the good and forbid the bad if he does not know what is good
and what is bad. Thus the entire community should learn all about
Islam to stand against any deviation.
Allah says in His Glorious Book Those who
disbelieved from among the children of Israel were cursed by the
tongue of Dawood and Isa, son of Marium; this was because they
disobeyed and used to exceed the limit. They used not to forbid each
other the hateful things (which) they did; certainly evil was that
which they did.
Prophet Muhammad says: You should enjoin good and
forbid the bad, or Allah will let the bad among you rule over the
good. Then when the good among you would supplicate they will not be
answered. If we ignore this duty, the bad among us who support
arrogance wrongdoing and mischief will increase.
This religious duty also applies on the political
levels, whether against an arrogant leader or those who support the
arrogant and the occupier.
If the arrogant players were free to act as they
see fit, they would undermine all the vital and critical issues of the
Therefore to oppose any political deviations of the
rulers or within the political circles is a duty of every Muslim man
and women, since Allah wants the nation to attain the rights of the
downtrodden usurped by the arrogant, and if it fails to do so the
arrogant and the wrongdoer will dominate… And this is what the Muslim
nation is living in several places, because it no longer performs the
duty of enjoining the good and forbidding the bad with people saying I
have nothing to do with the affairs of others, or with the decisions
of the rulers. Being neutral or indifferent is what makes the
wrongdoers and tyrants take control of the society. Imam Al-Kazim
says: Convey what is good and say what is good and do not be an Umaa,
which is to say I am with the people and I am like any of them. He
added: There are two spheres that of Good and that of Bad. Don't make
the realm of bad be more to your likening than that of the good.
The Second Sermon
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
America and world Conflicts
Political and security conflicts have been
accumulating in the Arab and Muslim worlds, as a result of the Western
plan that America leads to dominate over the region's recourses,
especially that most of the Arab and Muslim countries have yielded to
the Western influence and lost any effectiveness in running their
affairs and solving their problems…
America has been trying to create problems between
regional states and internal sectarian strives inside these states in
which a Muslim would fight his brother Muslim as a result of a
A case in point should be what is happening in Iraq
where we have always maintained that the daily killings whether
initiated or as a reaction are but crimes in any Islamic criterion. It
is impermissible for a Shiite to kill a Sunni or a Sunni to kill a
Shiites, as it is impermissible for both of them to hurt anybody who
made peace with them or any innocent man for that matter.
The situation in Iraq has escalated the sectarian
and confessional sensitivities in many parts of the Islamic world to
the extent that the people felt that ground is shaking under their
In this stormy atmosphere the American and European
West has interfered deep in our internal affairs to increase the
complexity of the problems while those in charge do not have any role
in solving their problems or running their affairs. This is what we
have noticed in Palestine that remains a hostage of the Western and
American plan that aims at enabling Israel of achieving its strategic
goals, as well as keeping the blockade against the Palestinians
preventing them from establishing the national unity government and
leading them to engage in a civil war that enables Israel to complete
its settlement strategy.
In Iraq, that witnesses escalating daily killing,
the internal political struggle is also escalating in a way that no
government will be able to settle the situation and no reconciliation
efforts will succeed as long as the occupation intends to stay.
All what this occupation cares for is solving its
own problems and how to get out of its impasse but it does not think
about the interests of the Iraqis.
In Afghanistan, the NATO was unable to provide
security and stability to this country. On the contrary, it made it
enter into a state of security and economic confusion and turmoil.
In Sudan, the Americans are trying to interfere in
their internal affairs through the United Nations, while Somalia is
plunging into a state of chaos that drains its internal resources.
As for Iran, America and the EU are trying to
impose sanctions on the Islamic Republic, and deny its right of
possessing nuclear power for peaceful purposes, at a time the enemy's
prime minister announces to the entire world that it possess nuclear
weapons, while the Security Council permanent members do not feel that
this represents a threat to the region and the world.
On the other hand, the British Prime Minister, Tony
Blair, says that Iran constitutes a strategic threat to the entire
The West will not solve the Lebanese Problem.
The West and certain Arab countries do not accept
the opposition's right in expressing itself by peaceful and democratic
Instead it pressurizes to serve the interests of
one party. This posses many questions regarding their goals, and
suggests that America still uses Lebanon as a bas to execute its plan
in the region that cares only about the Israeli interests.
This is what the Lebanese should understand: the
West will not solve any problem, since it supports one party against
the others, with Israel is taking the same position from the internal
Faced by this, we praise the stands of all those
who call for Islamic unity – especially the religious scholars, for
they are concerned with the unity of Muslims as a basis for the unity
of the Lebanese.
And we call on all parties to join them in their
position that opens up on the issues of the nation.
We want the Lebanese people to return to its rationality in facing
their problem without inciting sectarian or confessional
sensitivities. This is the only way to solve their problems, a way
that is based on citizenry and mutual interests and by means of a
realistic understanding free from any foreign pressures. And relying
only on the free will of the Lebanese.