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Lectures > 2007 Speeches > 14/12/2007

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, 14th December 2007 AD, 4 Zul Hijja 1428 H, several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

Who is the True Believer?


The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful


Since we are in the Hajj season and the Eid Al-Adha is imminent, we have to talk a little bit about the issue of determining the date of the Eid:

Many Fatwas were issued in the Muslim world that differed in determining this day, with some saying its on Wednesday and others saying Thursday and even Friday. We would like to comment on this issue by the following.

What some Muftis have announced about the beginning of Zul-Hijj being on Monday, and therefore the Eid is on Wednesday is very strange, since the crescent will not be born before 7:40 pm Sunday evening. Thus, it could not be seen anywhere. And who are saying that they have seen him are wrong.

We believe that Monday is the last day of Zil-Qida, Tuesday is the first day of Zul Hijja, and the Eid is next Thursday.

Sayyed Sistani and others believe that the beginning of Zul-Hijja was last Wednesday and thus the Eid is on Friday.

As for those who emulate us, we adopt the ruling Sayyed Al-Hakim and Imam Al-Khomeini asserted about the issue which is even if the day of the Eid is not correct, the Hajj, Allah willing is valid.

In the light of this, we will pray the prayer of the Eid on Thursday.

Who is the Shiite?

Who is the Muslim? Who is the believer? And who is the Shiite? Let us learn who they are by reviewing the cultured heritage of our Imams.

Imam Jaafar As-Sadiq (a.s.) describes in one of his sayings the Shia's of Ali (a.s.) as being the people of “guidance" those who follow the guidance of Allah, and those who never adopt anything that could lead them to become astray. They are the people of "piety" who fear Allah and obey of His commands And those who, having done something to be ashamed of, or wronged their own souls, earnestly bring Allah to mind, and ask for forgiveness for their sins,- and who can forgive sins except Allah?- and are never obstinate in persisting knowingly in (the wrong) they have done They are the people of "good" who in any society they live in will do good in fields of life and to all the members of the community old or young. They are the people of ”belief,” who believe in Allah, and Believers are those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a tremor in their hearts, and when they hear His signs rehearsed, find their faith strengthened, and put (all) their trust in their Lord;

The people of “conquest” who would in any battle against unbelief and arrogance, strive to achieve victory from the Muslims, thus they are people of "victory".

In another saying ,the Imam says to one of his companion: stay away from the contemptible for the Shiite of Ali are only those who abstain from the (Haram) food and sexual desires, work sincerely for the Creator, hope for gaining His reward and fear from His punishment.

Imam Al-Baqir describes the Muslim as the one whom the believers are safe from his tongue and hand. He does not abuse other Muslims verbally or commits any injustice against them… The believer is the one who people entrust him with their money and themselves. He is forbidden to wrong other Muslim or to let him down or push him into difficulties.

Jaa'far As-Sadiq (a.s.) also says that the believer is the one whom the good from him is hoped: If he lives in a community, this community will feel confident to except good from him to every one he lives with, whether his family who would expect that he would sustain them and care for them, or the bigger community he is expected to care for and provide every service he is capable of. "Evil from him is safe". He is a man who does not treat anybody with evil, for he respects them being his brothers and fellow citizens, whom he loves for what he loves for himself and hates what he hates for himself. In addition, His belief would prevent him from doing evil.
"He regards little good from others much". If others do good to him he will appreciate it because and consider it plenty.
"He regards his own good as little". When he is good to others he does not feel it is more than what he ought to, this is because he believes that the potentials Allah has given him are but a trust that he should give back to its owners. He is not fed up with those who request favors or needs, since he knows that needing him is one of the graces Allah has bestowed on him. He is not tired of seeking knowledge throughout his life. Allah differentiates between those who know and those who know not. Poverty in Allah is more lovable for the believer than richness with the enemy. For Allah has said”
If he has to choose between being poor while keeping his faithfulness towards God and between becoming rich through his relations with the enemies of God he would choose poverty, because Allah is the one who enriches him if he becomes poor, and He is the one who bestows on him His Mercy and makes his abode in Heaven… Humbleness in God is more lovable for him than high rank with His enemy…

When he sees someone he says he is better than me and more pious.
People are two men – one man is better than me and more pious, the other is more evil and lower than me. If he sees the one that is more evil and lower than him he would say: perhaps the good of this person is hidden, which is good for him, while my good is apparent which is bad for me which means that I might not be better than him. Then when he sees the one who is better and more pious than him, he would be humble to him to reach his state. If he does that, his glory becomes high, and he will become the lord of the people of his time. Imam Al-Baqir says that the believer is stronger than a mountain for you can ruin a mountain while the believer remains firm. As-Sadiq (a.s.) also says that the believer is the one whose anger will not lead him to become unjust, nor would he commit any falsehood if he is pleased. Moreover, when he is capable, he will not take more than what is rightfully his.

Dear beloved, these are some or the qualities of the Muslim believer who adopts, the line of Ahl-Beit, whom we should follow their guidance to ensure our well being in this life and the Hereafter.


In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The Second Sermon


The American Administration is enhancing its political and military cooperation with Israel, to ease the tensions it encountered following the embarrassment that was caused by the latest American national intelligence report concerning the Iranian nuclear dossier, since the report has confirmed its peaceful gaols and the absence of any Iranian plan to make a nuclear bomb in the foreseeable future.

Perhaps the visit of the American chief of staff to the enemy’s entity was to assure the Israeli leaders that the US will not forego its commitment to ensure Israel’s military superiorly over all the sates of the region.

The American Israeli coordination and cooperation has reached the level of overlapping in which one completes the other. They have coordinated the plan to occupy Iraq that led to the instability of the entire region, and become an open front for chaos, killings and carnages; in addition to the continuous support it gave Israel when it committed its aggression against Lebanon last year.

We believe that the region's problem is not Iran. It is Israel that possesses the biggest nuclear arsenal that threatens the region, and the most advanced weapons that it uses in its aggressions.

The problem is also the United States which deploys its fleets, threatening to wage a war against Iran and encouraging the Arab countries to complicate its political, economic and military relations with it, at a time we see that the Islamic Republic have proposed to the Arabs in the entire region a project of economic and security cooperation that protects the Arabs especially the Gulf states.

The problem lies in this dual combined aggression of the US and the Jewish entity, that made America practice a game or political deceit in Palestine; talking about a Palestinian state has become one of consumption that does not contain any plan for execution although many years have passed, since it was issued. On the other hand, The US talk about Israel as a homeland for the Jewish people constitutes a cover that could facilitate the rooting out of what it is left of the Palestinians, the denial of the right of return to the Palestinians who were forced out of their country and the encouragement of the Jews all over the world to come to Palestine.

In addition to all this, the international cover is giving Israel more freedom to continue its killing, and shelling to the civilians in Gaza and the detaining of the Palestinian youth in the West Bank, as well as the economic besiege on Gaza and building new settlements in the old neighbourhoods of Jerusalem, without any Arab or European reaction or any American pressure. In this respect, the US Secretary of State talks only that this does not help in building the confidence the Annapolis Conference tried to build.

We believe that the silence of the Arab and Muslim worlds towards all this daily Palestinian blood spilling and not making any initiative to stop the deterioration of the inter – Palestinian relations that led to political and economic destruction, represents a big crime against the entire Palestinian people, as well as the Palestinian cause.

The Lebanese Crisis

The cold season has begun in Lebanon, with many people unable to warm themselves as a result of the price rise of commodities, especially fuel. Then we have the rationing of electricity, which reached the extent that having electricity has become almost the same as blackout, thus affecting people's daily living and well-being.

We do not know how can a government, constitutional or not, respect itself when it besieges its people with such an ignorance of their basic life meets.

On another level, the internal whirlpool of the continuous constitutional debate and the lack of confidence among the Lebanese parties, while the people are confused as they stare in this conflict that has been void of realism and values. The political class with some exceptions have failed in terms of strategic vision, but it succeeded in repeating rigid opinions and tactical manoeuvres without regard for the people's situation, or the country's future.

Internal complications have returned to their peak, while the renewal of bombings has restored to the Lebanese the feelings of fear and concern about the deterioration of the security situation. This situation may open the horizon to assassinations in a bid to destabilize Lebanon's political and security situations.

Have mercy on this small country that is suffering on the internal level and witnessing regional and international interference that prevents it from being stable. The Lebanese should look out and watch all suspicious movements because it seems that the fate of this people is to assume the responsibility of self-protection on its own.