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Lectures >2003 Speeches > 11/04/2003

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 Grand Ayatollah H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer   sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, April 11 2003, Safar 9 1424 h, (Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer).


Imam Al–Hassan: Do not do what Allah has prohibited you will be a worshipper

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate the Merciful  

Raised by the Prophet:

One of the Members of the Prophet(p.) 's house whom Allah purified is Imam Hassan bin Ali bin Abi Talib.  He was the firstborn for Ali (a.s.)  and Fatima (a.s.)  and the first grandchild of the Messenger(p.) .

Imam Al-Hassan lived the early years of his childhood with the Prophet(p.)  who used to kiss him ,hug him and spend a lot of time playing with him

The Prophet used to say when the Imam ran towards him and hugged him. "Oh God' I love him. Oh God love those who love him". He used to say the same thing after the birth of Imam Hussein   saying about both of them: "Oh God I love them, Oh God love those who love them".

Imam Ali Bin Al-Hussein (a.s.) is quoted to have described him as "most ascetic". He was also the "best man" of his time, being the Imam who was nearest to Allah, and whose knowledge and manners were unique. The Messenger(p.)  used to say that the Imam was the one who looked most like him both physically and morally.

He used to travel heading for Mecca to perform pilgrimage on foot, and probably barefooted.

He would remember God in any situation that he passes through... He was the most truthful and the most eloquent..."

A man for difficult tasks

After the death of his mother, Imam Al-Hassan began to help his father who used to rely on him in the difficult tasks he faced after he became a caliph. Al-Hassan used to take tough and consistent stances indicating how resolved he was in serving the Right. Yet, as his father and grandfather before him, he proved after he succeeded his brother and Muawiah began to unjustly challenge his rule, that he believed in dialogue.

But Muawiah who usurped the caliphate from its rightful holders, began to buy the heads of tribes, which resulted in destabilizing the Imam's army to the extent that some of them threatened to kill him.

Thus, treason led to a truce which Muawiah did not respect any of its articles. He then started to think about killing the Imam(a.s.) , because one of the conditions was that the Imam would become a caliph after Muawiah while the latter wanted his son to succeed him, thus establish an autocratic dynasty,  and the only way to realize this scheme was by killing the Imam(a.s.). And he did so by driving one of the Imam's wives to poison him. When the Imam was dying as a result of this conspiracy, he asked his brother not to fight for the sake of burying him near to his grandfather's grave, for he knew that the Umayyads would not agree. Thus, the Imam(a.s.)   continued to safeguard the Muslims interests’ even after his death.

The Imam's Teachings

The Imam emphasized the importance of consultation (Shawra) in all the domains of life. A Muslim  has to rely on consultation whether in his house, his work or in the wider sphere of the community. He described once a pious believer, and told us through the image of that man what the moral and spiritual values Muslims should adhere to are. He said: He was one of the greatest men, and what made him that great was ,among other things, that this world meant little to him. He used not to complain or loose his temper-always the patient man who accepted Allah's fate. He used to spend most of his time sitting silently –because he was busy thinking whether about God to know Him better, or about the people to serve them more…

If he sat with scholars he was more concerned to listen than to talk. He used not to say what he did not intend to do. And he used to do what he did not talk about. He stayed away from bragging and showing off. If he had to choose between two things he did not know which was nearer to God, he would see which one his instincts and desires leads him to chose and discredit it.

He did not blame anyone of things that there might be an excuse for.

In one of his sermons about how to be a pious faithful, he said: If you do not do what Allah has prohibited you will a worshiper. And if you are content with what Allah has given you will be rich…  Be good to your neighbors you will be a Muslim… And treat people as you would like them to treat you will be just.

This is also what Imam Ali (a.s.)  has told us in his will asking use to love for ourselves what we love for others and to hate for them what we hate for ourselves. Adding that those who used to care about making money and were obsessed with material possessions have perished leaving nothing for their Hereafter. He concluded that one's life begins to end once it starts. We thus have to benefit of everyday we live to provide for the Hereafter.

Those are the Members of the house whom Allah, the most Exalted, has purified. And this is Imam Al-Hassan who the Muslims have to study thoroughly to learn that he led a spiritual and moral revolution against falsehood and injustice. They will also learn that what happened to Imam AL-Hassan was the prelude of Imam Hussein’s revolution.

 The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

A heroic Iraqi stand

At long last, the Iraqi Dictator and his regime have been toppled, although it has actually fallen a long time age when the Iraqi people lost their trust in it. Nevertheless, Iraq , the homeland and the people, did not fall. They remained steadfast in front of this brutal war that killed the civilians and destroyed much of the Iraqi infrastructure.

This wronged and wounded people stood up to the occupation. They did not cheer for it, which surprised the occupier having used all possible means of intimidation and appeal.

If some and perhaps the majority of the Iraqis have celebrated the fall of the autocratic regime, they were not celebrating the occupation. The celebration did not reflect that they are convinced with the role of occupation that serves only the arrogant interests.  It is true that they celebrated the removal of this tyrant, but they reject substituting it by another nightmare; that of occupation. They want freedom and human dignity.

One of the interesting and indicative coincidences is that this autocratic regime has fallen on the same day of the martyrdom of the religions authority, the great Islamic thinker, Sayyed Muhammad Baqir Al-Sader, who has given the Islamic thought in our age more than any other Islamic thinker whether in the domains of philosophy, economics , or several religious sciences.

 Sayyed Al-Sader remains alive in us.

Sayyed Al-Sader confronted the tyrant with all the resolve and faithfulness to Islam and Muslims, until he was assassinated with his sister Bintulhuda... He will always remain in the conscience of this nation, a torch, a spirit, a movement and a message in the line of freedom for the Muslims and the downtrodden, while the tyrants will be buried in the trash bin of history.

The autocracy of the regime have made history move backwards bringing colonialism back to Iraq and leaving the people to choose between the humiliation of autocracy and the humiliation of foreign occupation.

But as the Iraqi people were able to oust the British colonialism, I am sure that these good people whose struggle for the cause of freedom has been recorded in history, will rise to the level of the current challenges… They should study what the occupation aims at so that they will not be deceived anew, and so that their pains and sufferings that very few nations have suffered from will not be exploited.

Occupation benefits from certain unstable conditions that the nation might experience to impose an autocratic regime that guards its interests, but one which would be presented in a democratic outlook. International arrogance might talk about democracy but the regime it will impose is in reality another dictatorship.

I call upon you-dear children, brothers and sisters- with all love and s deep feeling of responsibility to uphold your unity and to secure the safety and property of the people around you… I also call upon you to cooperate in doing good and to plan for the future in cold blood, to prove to the world that the Iraqi people, with its great civilization embedded in its history and religious values, will not be exploited by the occupier to promote its own interests…They might try to create internal strife to preoccupy you with, and thus distract you from the main task of confronting it…   Uphold your unity, and be sure that the future is for freedom and dignity that will allow you to take your place among civilized nations.

Palestine : the Resistance

Palestine still holds on, and the Intifada is still facing the Jewish-American coalition that wants to intimidate the Palestinians calling on them to learn from what happened in Iraq .

Nevertheless, the Palestinians will not yield, regardless of the sacrifices they continue to present, for they ought to drag the Zionist –American coalition to a security and political impasse as a response to the impasse the arrogant powers have planned to put the Palestinians in.

Meanwhile Israel continues to commit additional massacres, the last of which was the bomb that killed Palestinian students in a school in Jenin, with no condemnation from president Bush the EU or anyone else… It is almost as if they have the right to kill civilians in cold blood, just as the coalition which shells women and children in the name of liberating them is doing in Iraq .

Freezing differences

Dear loved ones:

In this stage, in which many developments and changes taking place in every aspect of our political economic cultural and security life, let us freeze most of our marginal differences. For President Bush has declared before the war  on Iraq that they will  spread horror and death in every part of the world to protect the American  nation. To execute their schemes they sighted the illusion of weapons of mass destruction…

That is what we have noticed in Washington 's warning to Syria , Iran and North Korea , and in asking Damascus to learn the lesson of what happened to Iraq , as if they possess imperial authority on the whole world.

Military power could be victorious in the battlefield, but it will not create political power that will allow the arrogant to maintain their hegemony...

The nation has many sources of power... Dictators will die and the nations will stay alive.