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Lectures > 2007 Speeches >10/08/2007

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, 10rd August 2007 A.D, 26 Rajab 1428 H, several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

Islam is our collective responsibility


 

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

The Unlettered Prophet fills the world with knowledge.

Allah says in His Glorious Book It is He Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom,- although they had been, before, in manifest error;-and Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who hears and sees (all things).

On the 27th of Rajab, we meet two great Islamic occasions, the start of the Prophet mission and the anniversary of the Night Journey.

God sent His Messenger with the Message, and wanted him to convey it. O Messenger! Deliver what bas been revealed to you from your Lord; O Prophet! Surely,We have sent you as a witness, and as a bearer of good news and as a warner, And as one who invites to Allah's (grace) by His leave, and as a lamp spreading light.
and
it is He Who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, that he may proclaim it over all religion, even though the Pagans may detest (it)

 

On such occasions, we go back to the Prophet's biography, who was prepared by God for forty years to be equipped by all the spiritual, knowledge and moral virtues, to perfect his mind and open his heart, and ensure that he would lead an infallible life, being the best and strongest in obeying Allah and the closest to Him.

Before the Message, the Prophet was illiterate, who had never read or written: And you did not recite before it any book, nor did you transcribe one with your right hand, for then could those who say untrue things have doubted. That is what the Prophet (p.) was unique in. He was the most knowledgeable without being able to read or write. God has taught and inspired him and gave him a mind that opened up on the facts of the universe and the secrets of the unknown. His illiteracy was not a deficiency.

It was a virtue, because it did not convey ignorance but a universal knowledge in all fields. Allah, The Most Exalted, wanted to send an illiterate prophet who will fill the earth with knowledge, thus proving that he is a prophet.

Where else could he have got his knowledge from? In this respect, Imam Ali (a.s.) tells us that Allah, The Most Exalted, has assigned an angel to the Prophet to teach him on a daily basis, then He sent him the Quran, to open up his mind and to solve all the problems he and the Muslims had faced.

 

The Immigration lays the foundation of the state

The Messenger then called for the belief in God in a society of idolaters but he was not violent or hush with his people. He used to tolerate them and conduct a dialogue with them with what is best. But they grew even more arrogant and hostile. Not able to discuss the truths he come with, they resorted to violence, persecuting his family and companions and boycotting them. Then Allah, The Most Exalted, saved him, the night he immigrated, by letting Ali (a.s.) stay in his bed, to make the unbelievers think that he was still in Makkah and ensure that he reaches Medina safely.

Thus Ali (a.s.), as the Quran stated (And among men is he who sells himself to seek the pleasure of Allah; and Allah is Affectionate to the servants) sold himself to God, since he only thought about God in everything he did or said.

In Medina, the Prophet (p.) started organizing the society; he built the mosque that he wanted the Muslims to meet in, leaving behind their fanaticisms, and partisanships.

He held a treaty between the Muhjireen , the Ansar and the Jews who used to live in the city.

Thus he instituted the first Islamic state and provided it with the principles and legislations it needed to live a harmonious and integrated life.

The unbelievers tried who undermine his movement, forcing him to go to several successive wars. But Allah gave him the upper hand, and his call expanded. And a new force appeared in the Arabian Peninsula; the force of Islam. After the opening of Makkah Allah revealed: When there comes the help of Allah and the victory: And thou dost see the people enter Allah's Religion in crowds,
Celebrate the praises of thy Lord, and pray for His Forgiveness: For He is Oft-Returning (in Grace and Mercy).

The Messenger(p.)’ s will:

The Messenger (p.) conveyed his message, teaching the Muslims what to take and what to leave. He then stood to deliver a speech at the farewell pilgrimage and said: "O People! lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore, listen carefully to what I am saying and Take These Words to Those Who Could Not Be Present Here Today.

O People! just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your LORD, and that he will indeed reckon your deeds.

Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligations shall henceforth be waived. Your capital is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity.

Then he ended his march on the Day Ghadir. The day was hot and the Messenger (p.) commanded that they should make a pulpit platform out of packsaddles, Many were standing under the shelter of thorn trees. And when the crowd had gathered, he walked up to the platform and called Ali (a.s.) to stand at his right. After a prayer of thanks he spoke to the people, informing them that he had been forewarned of his death, and saying: ‘I shall soon depart to Allah to be concealed from you, and bidding farewell to this world. I am leaving amongst you, the book of Allah and my Itrat. And if you follow this you will never go astray; these both would never be separated until they meet me at the fountain of Kauser.

He then called out "Am I not more precious to you then your own life? They said, "Yes". Then it was that he took Ali’s hand and raised them so high that he showed the white of his armpits, and said. "Whoever has me as his Maula has Ali (S.A) as his Maula. O’ Allah love those who love Ali (a.s.) and be an enemy to his enemies. Help those who assist him and frustrate those who oppose him."

 

Ali holds the Responsibility:

As Muhammad (p.) departed to meet his God, and although Ali's wilayat was not realized, the Imam held his responsibility in protecting Islam even when he was not a caliph. He gave those who preceded him advice and sound opinion. He preserved the Muslims’ unity seeing that the enemies of Islam both the internal
( hypocrites ) and the foreign (Persians and Romans) were planning to eliminate Islam…

Islam thus began its long march, encountering several problems which it was able to overcome… Therefore we, in this stage, and on these occasions, that of the birth of Islam, have to feel that Islam is the responsibility of each and every one of us, a responsibility that Allah, has entrusted us with Muhammad is no more than a messenger: many Were the messenger that passed away before him. If he died or were slain, will ye then Turn back on your heels? If any did turn back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah; but Allah (on the other hand) will swiftly reward those who (serve Him) with gratitude.

We have to be dedicated in our hearts and minds to uphold this responsibility towards the message of Islam, and be the callers to Allah in the entire world. It is the responsibility of every scholar, intellectual or any one who knows a legislative ruling to convey it to the people: Those who deliver the messages of Allah and fear Him, and do not fear any one but Allah; and Allah is sufficient to take account. We are responsible to spread the Islam to the world because Allah wanted us to do so: He it is Who sent His Messenger with the guidance and the true religion that He may make it prevail over all the religions; and Allah is enough for a witness

We are all responsible, whether in our countries, aboard or among our families and friends to convey the message of Islam. Allah said to His Messenger: Enjoin prayer on thy people, and be constant therein. And O ye who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is Men and Stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who flinch not (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do (precisely) what they are commanded

It is our responsibility to increase the strength of Islam by our strength, and to maintain a firm and strong willpower to break that of the arrogant and the unjust. The Messenger says: "Each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock".

No one can be neutral, since the scholars and the intellectuals are not the only ones who are responsible; surely every one of us is responsible according to his abilities: On no soul doth Allah Place a burden greater than it can bear.

The religious scholars can not just sit aside, and isolate themselves from the ongoing struggle.

The Messenger says: If heresy appears in my nations, the Alim? (Religious Scholar) should show his Islam (knowledge). If he does not than may Allah curse him". He also said: "Allah did not order the ignorant to learn except after he asked the learned to teach.

The Anniversary's inspiration:

In this anniversary, we remember Allah's honouring of His Messenger (p.) through the night journey: Glory be to Him Who made His servant to go on a night from the Sacred Mosque to the remote mosque of which We have blessed the precincts, so that We may show to him some of Our signs; surely He is the Hearing, the Seeing. It was said that Allah has made him meet all prophets and lead them in prayers. It was also said that He took the Prophet (p.) to Heaven to be introduced to its kingdom.

Thus, dear beloved, when we remember the Messenger in these occaisions, and remember all what the Muslims have gone through we have to consider ourselves, the supporters and companions of the Prophet Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those with him are firm of heart against the unbelievers, compassionate among themselves; you will see them bowing down, prostrating themselves, seeking grace from Allah and pleasure; their marks are in their faces because of the effect of prostration; that is their description in the Taurat and their description in the Injeel .

These are the inspirations of this anniversary. It is not merely a celebration, but rather a responsibility that we have to uphold. To move Islam a step forward, especially that the Muslims of the world have become about a billion and half.

We have to make every cultural economic, military and political effort to lead the world, since this is what Allah wants (And say: Work; so Allah will see your work and (so will) His Messenger and the believers).

 

 

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

The Lebanese crisis

The American President, George Bush, stated that Lebanon's security is part of the American national security, adding that the opposition represents a threat to the US security merely because it opposes the government.

Although we do not wish to go into the details of the differences between the government and the opposition, we want to say that this statement conveys two negative and dangerous points.

The first is that it contradicts with political democracy that gives every nation the right to peacefully oppose its government, even if it leads to threatening its stability or toppling it. This is what has happened in several countries, including those that America sides with the opposition in them, as in South America. Thus Bush is actually undermining the democracy the US believes in and calls the Middle Eastern states to adopt.

Secondly: This statement turns Lebanon into one of the fronts where the struggle between the US and those who oppose its policies is being pursued. It is similar to its commitment to the Israeli security that it considers part of the American national security and which has driven the US to take part in all the Israeli aggressive wars since it was founded in 1948. It is thus a partner in shelling the Lebanese civilians, and destroying their infrastructure by smart and cluster bombs that are still taking the lives of Lebanese civilians.

It also increases the tension between the Lebanese who are already divided between those who support America's policies claiming that they are seeking the support of the international community that America controls in the Security Council, and those who oppose it.

The negative effects of these policies are further aggravated by visits of the American envoys and officials who creator additional political problems that hinder the possibility of reaching any realistic political solution that could consolidate national unity.

America instigates against Iran

The Afghani President, Hamad Karzai, has assured the American President in his latest visit to the US, that Iran is more a friend that provides help and solution to Afghanistan than a threat to it. He explained that Afghanistan has established good and close relations with Iran. But Bush said that he does not agree, and added that he is not sure whether the Iranian role in Afghanistan is negative or positive.

Thus the American President does not want to hear any good words about Iran's relations with its neighbours, even from an American ally, since he wants to intimidate those countries with what he calls the "Iranian threat". He is not concerned with the threat his policies in the region, especially in Afghanistan and Iraq, represent. All what he wants us to emphasize the Iranian threat as a source of destabilizing the region, claiming that it should forgo its pursuing of making a nuclear weapon although Iran has repeatedly announced that it does not seek to acquire such a weapon.

Everyone knows that Iran enjoys a state of stability on the security level with its neighbouring countries, including the Gulf countries, which Iran has been trying to maintain. It even proposed a joint protection treaty with the countries of the Gulf.

But America tries to create problems for Iran in the region to pursue its own strategic interests and not those of the Gulf countries. Although these countries know this fact, they are subjected to intense American pressures to act in a way that counters their own interests.

Nevertheless, America was forced to enter into negotiations with Iran concerning security in Iraq's, meaning, of course, the security of the American occupation that began to fall under the resistance of the Iraqi people who are living a state of chaos that the Takifiris who are supported by the US are benefiting from.

Adding to this state of Chaos that made the Iraqis suffer from several civilian causalities everyday, America also continues to incite sectarian strives that blows up the fire and leads to a critical situation.

The Settlement Illusion

In Palestine, the visit of the enemy's Prime Minister to the head of the Palestinian Authority achieved its media goals that benefit Olmert intentionally, since it creates the illusion that Bush was able to push forward the establishment of a Palestinian state, at a time everyone knows that the meeting was between the head of an occupying country and the head of an entity who yields to him and not between two equal parties. The media said that the Olmert wanted to tell the world through the Palestinian President that he hopes that the negotiations to establish a Palestinian state will start soon. The further this state is the more freely Olmert will be able to talk about it.

Moreover, some Israeli military intelligence officials have said that Abass's authority in the West Bank relies on Israeli support.

We notice that the Head of the Palestinian Authority did not attain any of his demands; even the partial ones like freeing some prisoners and removing the military checkpoints that fragment the West Bank. On the other hand, the Israelis got some of their vital demands like the return of security coordination and exchange of information to protect the Israeli security.

In the light of this, it is evident that there are no political achievements that such meetings could lead to; they only aim at covering the American policies that seek to deploy the region while cooling down the Palestinian situation to lunch new wars on Arabs and Muslim states in the region.

This is what we want the Palestinians to understand: The American – Israeli policies aim at containing and down sizing their cause, so that they would accept the least possible lands and a state that is neither viable nor sovereign or independent, especially with the slogans that are being raised, and which make the lands the settlements are built upon exchanged with other lands, and the refugees not allowed to return to their homes. In short: bye bye Palestine.

We urge the Arab and Muslim peoples whom the Palestinian cause is directly associated with their religious and national identity to remain politically active, and support the Palestinian people to thwart the international and Arab conspiracy against their causes.

Lebanon: The role of sectarian leaders:

The by-elections in the Metn were held in a political environment and electoral style that emphasized the sectarian mentality to further strengthen the leadership of sectarian leaders, as well as the debate that ensures that a candidate has earned the votes of his own sect while another won the votes of other sects.

This was accompanied by an insulting attack on certain sects that denies their right to take their own political stands, as if they were second rate citizens who have to comply to the will of the leading sects, especially that choosing the Lebanese President is not considered an issue that concerns all Lebanese, and all their various sects.

Such mentalities are leading us to conclude that Lebanon no longer represents its people and citizens but the tribal and sectarian leaders, in a way that few persons and families have replaced the sects that are being led by their fanaticisms to promote the interests of their leaders and not their countries.

They also talk about a just electoral law in which each MP is elected by his own sect, and that he should be accepted by the leaders of his sect and not the entire Lebanese people… They also talk about the sovereign and independent Lebanon although its decisions are being dominated by various regional and international states.

Meanwhile, they strive to make the Lebanese masses voice their sectarian leaders concerns…. with everybody standing to think the national anthem which has been turned into thymes and music that no longer have any effect on the human being in Lebanon.