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Lectures >2005 Speeches > 09/12/2005 

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque,9th December 2005, Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.
 

Muhammad's Sublime Morals
A Role Model to Follow


The First Sermon 

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The most perfect model

What is the image of the Muslim that in all making the Muslim society that Allah wants. Allah has made sublime morals, the heading of Islam in its entirety, since Islam in its Sharia and in all its concepts is an ethical movement. This is what the Messenger indicated when he said: verily I have been said to complete the evaluation of morals. It is as if the Prophets' movement and what Allah revealed through them is an ethical movement providing each society with the morals it needs. This went on until Allah sent Muhammad (p.) to complete the evaluations of morals.

Thus, Prophet Muhammad (p.) was the most perfect model of morals which was embodied in his being, character and dealing with people.

And that is why God tells him in the Glorious Quran that his morals are sublime, and asks the nation to follow his lead. He is the example and the model you ought to follow and learn from how to deal with yourselves and with others.

Sublime manners:

The Messenger has explained what these sublime manners are when he said that one should: "reach for those who boycott him, give those who deny him and forgive those who wronged him ".

Thus your actions should reflect your own humanity; they should not be a reaction or compensation. Ethics is not a kind of trade in which you only give those who give you or forgive those who forgive you. They are based on humanitarian foundations that treat all people in accordance to what it compels you to do.

Imam Ja’far As-Sadiq (a.s) has talked about some of the traits that Ahl el-Beit like to see in the believing Muslim, being representative of sublime manners. He said: We love those who are rational –rely on reason in all their thinking and dealings, those who are not emotional, but are moved by their minds-understanding-know what is going on around him, learned of the issues of their religion, tolerant, towards all people even those who harmed them, patient- in times of trouble so that they will not fall down and stay composed and able to think of solutions – truthful in their sayings, stands and actions, faithful, in that they would fulfil their promises.

He added that Allah, the Most Excelled, has favoured the Prophets with sublime morals. Those who possess them should thank God, and those who do not should ask God, the Most Excelled, to bestow the grace of giving them to the believers . It is a grace that one should thank Allah for if he has it, but if he does not, he should consider that he is tried by God, He should start praying to God to save him and lead him to acquire these morals.

According to Imam As-Sadiq (a.s) these morals are: piety, content, patience, courage, zeal, generosity, truthfulness, trustworthiness and charity.

Imam As-Sadiq (a.s) says: Allah has chosen Islam as a religion for you, how do we then befriend this religion that accompanies us until we meet God: Be a good companion of this religion by generosity and good morals. He also said: "The Muslim should have 8 traits: composed in times of trouble, patient in times of calamites, thankful in times of prosperity, content in what Allah has given him, does not deal unjustly with the enemy, is not biased towards friends, his body is tired of him, as it has to obey God's orders and do this responsibilities towards others, while the others feel comfortable towards him .

He added: Knowledge is the companion of Muslims, since it leads him to doing good just as a friend does, tolerance is his right hand, since it helps him face all troubles, while the mind is the head of his army, leniency is his brother, and doing good is his father.

The Imam explained the meaning of the Ayah :And as for him who fears to stand in the presence of his Lord and forbids the soul from low desires, their abode will be the Garden, by saying that he who knows that Allah sees him and hears what he says and knows about every action he does whether good or bad, this will deter him from doing any thing bad will dwell in heaven .

These are traits of our Imams (a.s), they are the traits of the Messenger (p.) and the Quran. We have to acquire these traits to be nearer to God and to live in our society in the way that pleases Him.

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The Islamic summit was held in Mecca, All participating 57-states have emphasized the importance of Islamic unity and the need to hold fast to Allah's rope, and reject the miscreants' accusation of any Islamic sect of unbelief. They also called for solving differences between Muslims in the way Allah has called for by referring them to God and His Messenger. They also vowed to fight all forms of terrorism and prohibiting the killing of any peaceful civilian, whether Muslim or not.

As we emphasize the importance of the meeting and the issues it dealt with, we would have liked the summit to have touched on the issue of state terrorism represented by America’s occupation of certain Muslim countries (Afghanistan and Iraq) where it practices all sorts of terror as well the Israeli terror against the Palestinians, which enjoys full American support, especially in preventing the Palestinians from returning to their motherland in accordance with UN resolutions 194 and 242. Moreover, America remains politically silent towards the racial separating wall and the major settlements, which appropriated a large part of the Palestinian lands and turned the West Bank and Jerusalem into a big prison.

We had hoped that the Islamic Summit could have dealt in a frank and bold way with this Israeli wronging that is supported by the Americans, so as to emphasize their firm stand with the Palestinians, and not talk about the issue in a vague unfruitful way. We had wished that the Summit announced its emancipation from the American pressure that impels the Islamic countries to normalize relations with Israel as a prelude to normalizing them with the US.

We also wished that the Summit had issued a resolution telling the entire world not to remain passive against targeting Islam as religion, and violating the image of Prophet Muhammad in the name of freedom of the press, while at the same time preventing any criticism to the Jews atrocities in Palestine, and to their history and political behavior.

How do we preserve Islamic Unity?

We ask those in charge of the Summit: What does Islam represent to their countries and peoples? How could they become untied to protect Islam against any distortions or attacks?

Moreover, what is the role of the cultural, political and social media in the struggle that is taking place in this world, to the extent that certain major powers, are trying to wage their political wars with the media that uses the most sophisticated means and technologies? Why did not the Islamic Conference Organization plan for a modern TV channel that broadcasts in the most languages including French, English, Russian, Spanish and others to ensure that the Islamic voice reaches these peoples, and to clarify the civilized picture of Islam and defend its holy personalities.

Moreover, it would highlight the Islamic recognition of the other and its emphasis on dialogue including the dialogue of civilizations which we appreciate the Summit’s emphasis on.

The Islamic Summit was a big event in the issues it dealt with and the resolutions it came up with, and we want it to leave a positive impact on the inter-Muslim relations, as well as the disturbing negative situations as a result of the immense pressures and the great challenges the international arrogant poses, that aims at exploiting its recourses and keep the Islamic nation, which amounts to a quarter of the people of the world, on the margin.

The Natanya Operation

In occupied Palestine, a new martyr operation was initiated in Natanya by a militant Palestinian youth who has lived the Israeli persecution to himself, his family and his country. He turned himself into a bomb to attack the Israeli racial arrogance that continues to kill the Palestinian people in cold blood, as well as raiding the Palestinian towns and villages, appropriating Palestinian lands and besieging their life.

The problem is that this arrogant world, especially that Americans and Europeans, hastens to condemn and accuse these operations of being terrorist without studying the causes that lead Palestinians to such operations like the assassination of a Palestinian militant the Israeli air force executed last week, which led to the wounding of several Palestinian civilians , without any condemnation from the Western states that are not ready to tell the enemy that such aggressions will lead to additional reactions, since the Palestinians are not ready to be hit without a militant reaction.

We are aware of the difficult conditions the Palestinian people are facing under occupation. We also know that he will continue his struggle until independence, since no right is lost as long as there are those who claim it, and since what is taken by force will only be retrieved by force.

The Picture in Iraq

Iraq is living a catastrophe that is represented by the victims that fall daily as a result of the black hatred of the apostators that daily kills scores of women, children, elderly and workers who are out to sustain a living for their families. In addition, the occupation executes arbitrary attacks that entail civilians and tortures prisoners.

And then there is the abduction of foreign experts and journalists. Such actions are crimes against humanity, especially when they are practiced by those who claim to be Islamic.

And consequently, we call for condemning these abductions whose goal might be financial extortion.

We also call on the Iraqis to participate in the parliamentary elections and chose the honest and the faithful to Iraq Islam and Muslims, those who reject occupation and terrorism.

The results of these election will determine the fate of Iraq as an independent and sovereign country; a responsibility that everyone should bear.

Lebanon: Where in the country going?

As Lebanon is preoccupied with issues that have to do with the past and not the present, it tends to neglect the problem of economic hardship the poor in the country are suffering from. In this respect, we notice the absence of any study that aims to outline the way to deal with the economic crisis, especially that the national debt will increase by two billion in the next annual budget.

But in addition to the need to address the economic problems, we should liberate the country from political tutelage.

It is not enough to deny the presence of such tutelage in the media, because the facts on the ground prove that it is already reinstituting itself although through claims of advice, sympathy and the like.

The problem with the political club in this country is that is emphasizes its concern in everything except the vital issues of economic hardship and hunger.

O, citizens I ask you: Where is the country heading to?