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Lectures > 2006 Speeches > 09/06/2006

In the Name of Allah, The Compassionate, the Merciful.

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque,9th June 2006, Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

The Islamic Method of Dialogue of wisdom and Beautiful preaching

 

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

God says in His Glorious Book: Invite (all) to the Way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy Lord knows best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance

He also says: say to My servants that they should (only) say those things that are best: for Satan doth sow dissensions among them: For Satan is to man an avowed enemy.
There are several other Ayahs in the Holy Quran that emphasize the need to choose what is best whether words or means of debate , ways of solving problems and anything that has to do with relations with others.

Therefore, If you have an opinion, whether as a Muslim or an Islamic caller, and you want to attract others to your religion…

You have to study the idea you want to present and the method you are going to use, to ensure that words will open the receiver’s mind and heart, so that he will be convinced in what you say.

That is why we find the first Ayah talks about wisdom, which is using the right words for the right person. If you want to talk to someone you have to study how he thinks and his social and psychological circumstances and then use the appreciate words that do not create problems. You also have to resort to beautiful preaching that opens up on the hearts of those you are talking to; you have to argue in the best way, without any verbal violence. Tell him that we have different thoughts. So let us debate in an objective and calm manner, in our search for the truth lost between us. This is what Allah taught us in His Book when he wanted this Prophet to discuss with the unbelievers in matters of truth and falsehood. Although Muhammad is the Messenger of the right and truth he used in his discussions with the unbelievers a method that respects their humanity. We read in the Quran: we or you are rightly guided or in manifest error. Was the Prophet in doubt when he said this? Of course not, but he wanted to give the other a feeling of assurance to attract him to engage in the journey of finding the truth. This is the meaning of wisdom and the way that is best. To respect the other, and not curse or damn him.

Allah has guided the Muslims on how to agree with the People of the Book (Christians and Jews): we should use good words that enter directly to their minds and hearts And do not dispute with the followers of the Book except by what is best, except those of them who act unjustly (like Israel who only wishes to oppress us) and say: We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you, and our Allah and your Allah is One, and to Him do we submit

Use the methodology that suggest that you have a common factor like believing in God although we might differ in detail : Say O followers of the Book! come to an equitable proposition between us and you that we shall not serve any but Allah and (that) we shall not associate aught with Him, and (that) some of us shall not take others for lords besides Allah; but if they turn back, then say: Bear witness that we are Muslims

You should first establish the common factors before you deal with the points of difference.

This is the same way that should govern human relations. The husband or wife with one another, or with their children, relatives and neighbours, or with the society of large. You have to choose the best words, since Satan will hide between the words, and try to exploit any word to create differences.

The good and the bad

We notice that the Quran focuses on the way to solve our internal problems, saying that there are two ways: that of violence and that of leniency. He says you have to use the method that changes your enemy to your friend. And not alike are the good and the evil. Repel (evil) with what is best, when lo! he between whom and you was enmity would be as if he were a warm friend. This needs a lot of awareness, and self-control. You have to be patient and tolerant to achieve results at the end.

Allah does not want us in our political and social life or in our sectarian diversity, to run our relations in a way that will further aggravate the problems.

Therefore, we have to educate ourselves and our children on the need to run our sectarian differences on the basis of respecting the other.

We have as Muslims a difference between the Shiites and Sunnis on who is the rightful caliph.

There are two ways to deal with this issue: The first is that every party must express his views and arguments, and we would either convince one another or come to understanding. The second is cursing and slandering, and this is the method that will lead us to accuse each other of unbelief.

And this is what the Messenger warned against when he talked about not to turn against one another after his death, with each party accusing the other of unbelief.

Imam Ali, although on his way to fight Muawaih who rebelled against the legitimate authority said when he heard some of his followers cursing the People of Sham : "I dislike you starting to abuse them, but if you describe their deeds and recount their situations that would be a better mode of speaking and a more convincing way of arguing. Instead of abusing them you should say, "O' Allah! save our blood and their blood, produce reconciliation between us and them, and lead them out of their misguidance so that he who is ignorant of the truth may know it, and he who inclines towards rebellion and revolt may turn away from it."

This is the method Imam Ali used although right was clearly on his side.

But we have reached the level of letting sectarian fanaticism dominate our football matches, with each scored gaol accompanied by cheers to either Imam Ali or Omar bin Al-Khattab.

It is regretful that several politicians in our countries encourage this method to mobilize the people around them, leading to a state of emergency in the country.

That is why we have to learn to respect one another and not to fear one another, for the devil that tries to incite strife among us is not Satan only. There is the American devil that tries to benefit from all our differences, especially in the latest demonstrations against the pictures that insulted the Prophet or the other demonstrations. We have to educate our selves on the need to keep away from the negative methods that fear others and create problems.

The Quran asks us to repel evil with what is best. This is the method Allah and His Messenger wants us to follow. Islam is a call for life, the good, peaceful, independent and cooperative life.

The Second Sermon

 

The continuous aggression against the Palestinians

In Palestine, the Zionists continue their daily aggressions of assassinations shelling, detention economic besiege and starvation. It is a process of an ongoing reproduction of the 1967 Zionist aggression in which the Zionists invaded all of Palestine, including Jerusalem as part of a Western conspiracy led by America and supported by Europe and making use of all the elements of Arab weakness and Muslim defeatism.

The regimes that are under American influence were engaged in reconciling the enemy, pressurizing the Intifada and planning to undermine the Palestinian issue in coordination with America- Europe- the International Community under the title of the Road Map that Israel has forced and that the American president has accepted, although he continues to talk about a Palestinian state in a kind of paying lip-service.

The American President is committed to prevent the Palestinians from returning to their home and to preserve the larger settlements in Jerusalem and the West Bank, and change the problem from a political to security one to stall any negotiations, unless the Palestinians stop their resistance unconditionally. Then Israel will implement its plan of turning the Palestinian state into scattered fragments that do not include Jerusalem, and that annex the parts on which the settlement are built.

Pressures on the Palestinian Resistance

Thus, the entire world, with the Arab world in its forefront, continues to pressurize the Palestinian Resistance and the elected government by threatening them by the suffocating economic blockade in order to force them to unconditionally recognize Israel, while not demanding that Israel should recognize the rights of the Palestinian people.

Then the Palestinian Authority tried to topple the government under the influence of American and Arab meddling that threatens the Palestinians, with strife and chaos.

We would like to ask: What is the Palestinian interest in subjecting the situation to escalation and tension in the name of a referendum that can not be considered legitimate, especially that the plan aims at pushing the Palestinians into a political corner to force them to forego their legitimate rights without any price. What the Americans and the international community want is to keep Palestine a Jewish state, while the Arabs would have some political leftovers of a ghostly state that has no taste colour or smell.

International resolutions and Arab weakness

In these circumstances, it is particularly amazing that the Arabs are still talking about the Arabian initiative of the Beirut Summit, which has been rejected by both Israel and the US that refused to recognize the Arab rights, in spite of the Arab willingness to collectively recognize Israel as a result of their weakness.

Thus, they accepted not to posses any force that could face the Israeli current and future aggression. This is what the UN Resolution 1559 which started as an Israeli resolution aims at. They do not want Lebanon to posses any force that can defer the aggression in the future especially after the Resistance has defeated Israel. This is what the majority is asking for when it demands the disarming of the Resistance, under the influence of the American and European tutelage that supports Israel unconditionally and does not pressurize it to implement the relevant international resolution.

The Fifth of June

On the anniversary of the fifth of June and the following invasions to Lebanon in the seventies and the eighties and the aggressions that followed, we have to think about the future by preserving all the elements of force we possess, whether economic political or military. The American plan wants Israel to be the strongest state in the region. That is why they do not talk about its nuclear power, while they pressurize Iran to stop its peaceful nuclear project, for they are afraid that it will enable Iran to make a nuclear bomb, despite the fact that Iran has ensured the International Community that it is not planning to do this.

As for the new American offers, we do not know what catch lies behind them.

In this spirit of Iranian challenge to international arrogance we have to remember the strong and decisive stands of Imam Khomeini, whose death anniversary passed a few days ago. These stands initiated the revolution and built a state on the basis of confronting the unjust international arrogant tyrants that plunder the wealth of the nations since such a spirit would eventually be victorious.

The Shiites and the Resistance

As Iraq continues to sink in its internal political sectarian and racial conflicts as well as the atrocities of the Takfiryeen who target innocent women children workers and students...

As we emphasize the dangerousness, of this Takifiri mentality that makes the killing of fellow Muslims lawful and that creates strife among them, we would like to stress that Shiite Muslims cannot be with the occupation and will not allow it to expand in the Muslim and Arab countries. They will stand fast along with their Muslim and Arab brothers against the American occupation in Iraq and the Israeli occupation in Palestinian, and they will support every honourable resistance, as well as being against all those criminals who believe that it is lawful to kill Muslims.

We call on the Iraqis to be cautious towards the takifries as well as the occupies who kill innocent civilians and then they would find their soldiers innocent from these brutal crimes. We also call on them to hold fast to their national unity and plan for the occupation withdrawal for it’s the curse of all the problems of Iraq and all the political security and economic anarchy Iraq is suffering from.

Citizenry in Lebanon

In Lebanon, the political situation is moving from one sectarian conflict into another, with the politicians, accusing each other of betrayal. We say to all our compatriots: It is the citizenry that treats the Lebanese as a human being that is the way to build the future.

It is the only way to study the country's political, social, economic and security problems away from sectarianism and partisanship.

The sectarian climate in Lebanon has aggravated its poverty and increased its debt. It changed corrupters and thieves into leaders who talk about reform and honesty. They have put on masks that create additional problems to the citizens while claming that they are presenting solutions.

The new generation that has suffered from deprivation, dislocation, pain, assuming a sacred status to those who have none and running after those who have created his problem… this generation has to think about a future Lebanon with a mentality that opens upon the good, freedom, independence and beauty, but without any borrowed masks.