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Lectures > 2007 Speeches > 09/03/2007

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, 9th March 2007, several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.


Commemorating the Martyrdom of Imam Hussein (a.s.)
Let us renew the will of Reform


The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

Imam Hussein (a.s.) the Reformer

The Messenger (p.) said: Hussein is a part of me and I am a part of Hussein, May Allah love those who love Hussein.

In this occasion, the commemoration of the 40th day following the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, we recall the character of Imam Hussein (a.s.), the reformer, revolutionary and Islamic leader who emphasized the significance of dignity in the line of the Message, the leader who as he called for the Islamic doctrine and faith, he wanted to elevate man, especially the believers, so as not to yield to any power that wants to subjugate his will or accept what he should not; that is he should not yield to any illegitimacy, for Allah wanted man to be with the legitimacy of the leadership (imamate) and that of Islam and not those who do not possess it.

In this occasion, as we meet with the Imam, we do not feel his absence although he had been martyred about fourteen centuries ago. His presence is nevertheless felt throughout our history and his light still illuminates the mind that thinks, the heart that loves and the actions that face the challenges.

The Martyr of the nation

We feel that the Imam is present among us, for he was the revolutionary of Islam, its Imam and martyr. It is true that he was martyred and buried along with his family and companions, in Karbala, but he was the martyr of the entire nation and the universality of Islam which the Imam (a.s.) initiated the need for reform in it and in his grandfather's nation.

The Imam (a.s.) was committed to the truce his bother, Imam Al-Hassan (a.s.), had with Muawiyah, but after the latter died, his commitment had no longer needed to be upheld. He faced the governor (wali) of Medina when he asked him to pledge alliance to Yazid and reminded him that he was a member of Ahl el-Beit, of those whom Allah has purified and explained to him who represents Islam and Quran, and who embodies the good of the nation: “we are the family of prophethood whom the Quran was revealed to, while Yazid was a dissolute man who drinks wine and kills innocent people despite Allah's prohibition”. And ended by saying: "A man like me does not pledge loyalty to a man like him".

Let us see who is that whom the Prophet considered, along with his brother, to be the master of Heaven's youth and an Imam whether he hold peace or revolts.

The Imamate

The Imam (a.s.) went to Makkah where he gathered the people in the Beit Al-Haram, to tell them how one could be a Muslim in all his affairs, whether in religious duties, in politics or in every other aspect of life, since Islam covers all these aspects O you who believe! answer (the call of) Allah and His Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life

In Makkah, the Imam emphasized his legitimate Imamate, and gathered around him an elite of followers, who followed him for the sake of Islam and not for want of money or any other favour.

He preached the people and sought to explain to them who the legitimate Imam is and what are the qualities he should posses: People! The Prophet (p.) has said, that when you see an oppressive ruler legitimizing that which has been prohibited by Allah and breaking His covenant, and opposing the customs of the Prophet, and he behaves unjustly and oppressively with Allah's servants, then if a person does not oppose him through his word or deed, it is incumbent upon Allah to place that person on the status of that oppressor.

He also taught them that they should be faithful to their commitments and support the right. This is also what he did when he met the army of Ibn Ziad that was led by Al-Hur bin Yazid Al-Reyahi, before he repented, making them feel that they were following the wrong leadership.

Seeking Reform

The Imam (a.s.) clarified the nature of his movement. He was not seeking war, since he did not deploy thousands of fighters. He wanted to fight ignorance hatred and deviation in the minds and hearts of the people. He was sorry and feeling sympathy for those who chose to be with Yazid and Ibn Ziad for they were to go to hell because of him. He was carrying the message of his grandfather who called on Allah to guide his ignorant people.

That is why he explained that he sought reform:" I have not risen to spread evil or to show off, nor for spreading immorality or oppression. But I have left for the betterment of the ummah of my Grandfather and I desire to propagate the Religion and forbid against evil" the reform that initiated by the Prophets, and he followed their steps in enjoining good and forbidding evil. And when the oppressors wanted the Imam (a.s.) to accept the illegitimate rule of those who usurped the rule of Muslim, he said to them By Allah! I shall not give my hands in yours like a base man, nor shall I flee away like a slave.

Beware! Now this illegitimate son of the illegitimate father (Ubaydullah bin Ziyad) has stationed me between unsheathing the swords or then bear humiliation, and far be it that we accept humiliation. Thus the one who accepts truth through me, will have received truth from Allah.

Thus the Imam (a.s.) stood for all what Islam represents in its Message of freedom, preferring martyrdom as the ultimate sacrifice to strengthen the position of Islam.

Imam Hussein loved Allah, like no one else did and opened up on Allah like no one did. Like his father before him, he used to love Allah and His Messenger (p.) and he was loved by Allah, The Most Exalted, and His Messenger (p.) . And he came to Karbala to give humanity a lesson on how could the bearer of a Message stay with his Message until martyrdom.

The opposing injustice

In this great occasion in which we live with Imam Hussein as an Imam a beloved and a leader, we renew our faith in Islam, our readiness to defend it and oppose injustice and arrogance. In this occasion, we have to understand the Imam’s (a.s.) revolution in the context of the movement of man for justice, dignity and defence of Islam as a whole. We should refrain from transferring it into meaningless traditions in which we even hit ourselves. Rather, we should inspire from it how to hit the leaders of the enemies of Allah and humanity.

What we should do is to renew the message of Imam Hussein (a.s.) in all our messages. We should say to the Imam (a.s.): If we did not respond to your call physically we would respond to it in our souls, hearts and minds.

We are going to stay with you… with your messages, your revolution and your legitimacy. We are going to remain with you, with your father, grandfather, mother, brother and the Imams who came after you from your offspring.

Peace be on Hussein (a.s.), Ali bin Hussein (a.s.), Hussein’s children and companions.


The Second Sermon

American swaps

The American Administration continues to try to drag the Arabs and Muslims into a security and political unfair trade. It wants to trade the cessation of killing innocent Palestinians by additional concessions which could threaten the entire Palestinian cause. It also wants to let the Lebanese forego their cause in exchange for certain issues in the region. Moreover, it seeks to make the Arabs and Muslims engage in a major exchange, threatening that it will not stop inciting strife between the Shiites and Sunnis unless they make grand concessions that entail their major strategic causes.

In Palestine, the formation of the national unity government still faces complications and difficulties with the US administration threatening that it will not recognize it unless it accepts the conditions of the Quartet Committee of recognizing Israel and ending resistance, an issue which Hamas refuses in principle and in strategy.

In the meantime, some Arab officials are trying to amend the Arabs’ initiative of the Beirut Summit to make the Palestinian refuges return only to the PA lands, or to pay them compensations paid in part by an Arab oil country to let them stay where they are living now. There are news about some secret talks between this country and the US to reach such an agreement. And the amendment will be presented to the coming Arab Summit in Riyad.

In the meantime, pressures are being exerted against those who oppose it, namely Syria, to accept it.

Strengthening Israel

On another level, Israel has asked the US to increase its military aid to 3 billion dollars to face the security challenges of Iran, Hizbullah and Hamas.

They want to strengthen Israel to enable it to wage a new war or aggression, in accordance with the American position that seeks to enable Israel to hold the position that enables it to threaten the entire region and helps the US in dominating it.

At the same time, the Americans also wanted to weaken the Arab countries to ensure that they will always yield to their arrogant policies. To achieve this, the Americans continue incite sectarian and racial strive, and force the Arab states to buy American weapons which on the one hand will boost the US economy and on the other hand will be held against other regional parties, namely Arabs and Muslims, but never the Israelis, so as to serve the American – Israeli plots of internal Arab and Muslim fighting which provides a free service for the occupation and its allies.

The Takfiri brutality

In Iraq, the tragedy of the bombing of the Mutanabi street, the street of bookshops, has mixed the blood of innocent people with the ink of books, providing a testimony for the barbarianism of those who do not respect man, whether Muslim or not, Shiite or Sunni, a child, a woman or an old man. They also do not respect the culture and the knowledge that illuminates the mind and guides it to open up on the authentic civilizational Islam which is against brutal violence against humanity, like that committed by the Takfiris who have given a distorted image of Islam and enabled its enemies to accuse it of terrorism.

In the meantime, the Takfiris carry on with their barbaric explosions, which have hunted the good believers on their way to visit Imam Al-Hussein (a.s.). They were brutally and ruthlessly killed. The killers might think that they are trying to undermine the security plan that they can't deal with head on.

But they are killing innocent Iraqi civilians, thus acting as partners to the occupation in their similar practices. It is tragicomic that they call such brutal acts a resistance to the occupation, while in actual fact they are helping it to extend its stay and achieve its arrogant gaols in the entire region.

The Arab International Conference

We are afraid that the aim of the proposed Arab international conference is to pressurise those who take part in it to save the occupation out of the political and military impasse it is stumbling in. They tend to think that calling certain countries whose relations with America are complicated to the conference might remove the political barrier that stands between them and the US as a result of the negotiations in the conference. The occupation is trying to find a way out of the impasse, and the huge failure it found itself in, by trying to open up on some of the neighbouring countries that were closed in his face, but we do not see any good in this and we do not share with certain Arab and Iraqi parties their optimism towards the results.

Unrealistic accusation

The five permanent Security Council states, in addition to Germany, will one again discuss imposing additional sanctions on Iran, since it, as they claim, did not yield to the resolution calling on it to stop enriching Uranium, although the Atomic Energy Agency has affirmed that it is a peaceful project and that Iran could prove it. But these states, being under the hegemony of the US, are still playing the vicious game of cat and mouse, hoping that this will make Iran yield by peaceful means, since no matter how ineffective the sanctions may be, yet their own interests will be affected.

The problem lies in the fact that the West does not want to listen to the conclusive evidence that Iran has presented to prove that it is not planning to make a bomb, much the same as the Americans did when they waged the war against Iraq on the basis of possessing weapons of mass destruction, then it was proved to be a lie after occupation.

The Bier Al-Abd massacre

In Lebanon, the anniversary of the Bier Al-Abd massacre was yesterday. It is one of the scenes of American terrorism that had killed and wounded hundreds of innocent civilian, killing infants, children women, old men, workers and shop owners, in its attempt to kill who had become, according to the head of CIA: "disturbing to the American policies and has to leave".

When we denounce this horrible massacre, that was planed and followed up by the US, we want our peoples to learn what the American terrorism did in the countries like Iraq Afghanistan and Palestine looks like. Lebanon has also seen another example of this terrorism in the last Israeli war. That is why we want all those politically and legally concerned to uphold their responsibility towards bringing the American administration, that committed such massacres, to justice, especially that the evidence that accuse the US of committing the massacre of Bier Al-Abd are conclusive and well documented even in the American newspapers and in what was written by well-know American writers, such as Bob Woodword in his book "The veil".

Barriers obstructing the solution in Lebanon

The Lebanese have been living unrealistic hopes concerning the imminent solution in Lebanon, to be surprised later by hearing some Lebanese officials stating that the conflict is still hanging on in its place, and others who are used to hinder and undermine any attempt to solve the crisis stating that there is no solution, whether they were those who hold official positions or not…

This is because the solution is still hindered by the American – French alliance that whisper to some of the officials. The Lebanese crisis has become the favourite topic to the American officials, receiving every now and then Lebanese ministers, deputies and notables to prevent any project to resolve the crisis as soon as it emerges. The foreign heads of state, especially George Bush, have turned into internal parties and the Lebanese crisis has turned into an international issue. Could any resolution then pass unless it carries their seals?

To sum up, the resolution to the Lebanese crisis has become a part of an international – regional deal in which the Lebanese have no part. We are not being pessimistic, but rather realistic in that we study the situation on the ground and leave our hopes aside.