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Lectures > 2006 Speeches > 08/12/2006

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque,8th December 2006, Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

To Build a Coherent Society: Call for the Lord with Wisdom and Beautiful Preaching

 

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

God says in His Glorious Book:

Invite all to the way of they Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: For they lord knows best who have strayed from His path and who receives guideness.

In this Holy Ayah, Allah says to all people, especially those who assume the mission of calling for the right path that if they want their ideas and messages to the others who differ with them in religion, or ideology to be received, they should base their call on wisdom. Wisdom in this context means choosing what conforms to circumstances. The caller should study those whom he wants to call and convince, as well as the circumstances that affect the call, to be able to define the means that opens up the minds and hearts of the people he is calling. He should not adopt a discourse that creates problems or further incites the existing sectarian and religious sensitivities.

God, the Most Exalted, says: call to the way of they Lord with wisdom. He has told us in several Ayahs that He has sent the Messenger(p.) with the Book and Wisdom for wisdom represents practice while the Book represents the theory. And beautiful preaching which agrees with the mind and talks to the heart enabling them to be receptive to what man is being called to and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious If you clash with those who hold different ideas, whether atheists, People of the Book or those who you differ with on certain jurisprudence and theological issues, and you wish to enter into a dialogue with them, you have to choose what is best and most gracious whether in the words you choose, or the overall attitude you adopt, thus avoiding any kind of violence.

Saying what is best

This is what the Messenger used to practice. And this is what Allah, the most Exalted, said when He told His Messenger that if he had been harsh and merciless the people would not have followed him. It is the responsibility of the caller to God to adopt all methods that can convince those he wants to call. If they are guided or not, it is not the responsibility of the caller who, as God has told His Messenger, is a reminder and not a watcher over them. The point is that you have to make all efforts to reach positive results in convincing others, then whether they are convinced or not, it is not you responsibility.

In another Ayah, we notice that Allah has called all people to choose the words that are best: Say to My servants they should only say things that are best. If you want to address your household or the society at large, try to study the words you are going to use before you say them. Certain words might be inciting: for Satan sows dissentions among them. He enters inside the words, searching for any possible incitation: Satan is to man an avowed enemy. Do not say the words, as soon as they come to your mind. Rather try to put them in a context that unites and does not divide.

How to face problems

In another Ayah, God talks about how man should face the problems that confront him. Every person might clash with the other whether at home or in the society. And when we study the differences among people we find a clash of ideas to the extent that it was recalled by some "clash of civilization". Allah teaches us in His Holy Book how to deal with these cases: He says: And not alike are the good and the evil. Repel (evil) with what is best, when lo! he between whom and you was enmity would be as if he were a warm friend. Search for the way that turns your enemy into a friend and not the other way round. Your role as a member of a family or in a society is to open up people's minds on the ideal solution you want them to adopt.

That is why we have always said to those who have dialogue with us whether from the West or the East, that Islam calls on us to befriend to the world. If we face any problem, we should deal with it in a way that removes the hatred from the hearts of those who differ with us. This is a very difficult course that needs a lot of psychological effort, especially when we face sectarian and partisan fanaticism, which makes man adopt the mentality of destroying the other.

That is why we see that fanatics resort to abuse and insult. But Allah calls on us to be armed with both perseverance and patience.

We should reach our goal of convincing others with our ideas without inciting their sectarian fanaticism, especially in these times where we find people inciting Shiite or Sunni fanaticism. To those we say: when somebody is against the prime minister, for example, he is not against the Sunnis, and he is not against the Shiites when is against the speaker… etc.

These are political differences and not sectarian ones. It is a sign of backwardness not to see them as they really are.

There are intellectuals in Lebanon, but you can find a university professor, who could be very backward as a result of the impact of sectarian fanaticism on his mentality. If this is not the case, how can we understand the discourse of certain Shiite and Sunni religious scholars? This proves that these people are backward, whether they are political or social personalities religious leaders or independent figures.

This is what Allah says, and this is what we call for: Islamic unity should govern the internal Muslim relations. And this is what we are calling for: to unite all Muslim and subsequently all Lebanese. Allah says: There is no good in most of their secret counsels except (in his) who enjoins charity or goodness or reconciliation between people; and the Hadith says: "A charity that Allah loves to reconcile between people if they differed and the draw them close to one another if they depart. This is the Islamic awareness that we ought to adopt to reach the safe shore.

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

Creative Anarchy

The American Administration endeavour to implement its policies is making many problems in the region, especially after the failure the American strategy has witnessed in Iraq.

In this respect, and despite all the talks about the strategic victory in Iraq, the occupation in that country has led, and is still leading, to a lot of negative results, whether on the internal Iraqi level, or the US foreign policy in general. This is what led to the fall of the US defence secretary who sunk the American troops in the Iraqi quicksand, as a result of the popular rejection and the national and honest resistance.

The Americans had planed to wage a political war against Syria and Iran and prevent these two countries from participating in finding a political and security solution for the difficult Iraqi problem.

Iraq is suffering from the US Administration that has been trying to pressurize these two neighbouring countries to force them to help the occupation in strengthening its hold over Iraq, and cease their support of the Palestine and Lebanese resistances, thus supporting the Israeli security, a major element in the American regional strategy.

But this Administration has begun to review its aggression policies. The new defence secretary has asserted that the US will not achieve its desired victory in Iraq. He also warned that the failure to stabilize Iraq in the coming two years might lead to an explosion in the Middle East. He also refused to attack Syria and Iran and called for opening a channel of communication with these two countries whom he believes will have a big impact on the long run on the Iraqi stability.

This political development in the American official conception of its policies in the region might have positive implications if it is accepted by the American President, instead of continuing his stubborn which could aggravate the American impasse in the region.

Iraqi between the Takifiris and Occupation

On another level, we are still living the tragedy of the Iraqi people who witness daily the fall of civilian victims by the Takfiris and the remnants of the old regime, before the very eyes of the American occupation. We call on the Iraqis to take into consideration the catastrophic results that will evolve if they do not resort to national and Islamic unity, as well as taking a firm stand against occupation and calling for its withdrawal.

No party should call for the stay of the occupation even for training the security forces. This could be done by the UN which the peoples have no grudge against. We believe that the staying of occupation in Iraq will keep the problem on several levels, since it protects security anarchy and allows the Israeli MOSAD to tamper with Iraq's security and resources.

A truce that serves Israeli Interests.

If we turn to the American police in Israel, we notice that the US is seeking to establish a truce that will only serve its own interests as well as that of Israel. At the same time, America wants to keep Israel free in detaining the Palestinians and killing their Mujahideen in the West Bank, especially after the pressure on Israel has mounted as a result of escalating its continuous crimes.

The US is also trying to cool down the Palestinian issue, and give the Arab rulers a boosting political shot that will enable them to escalate their campaign against Iran and accuse it of being responsible for the developments in Iraq and Lebanon, while considering Israel a peaceful state and no longer an enemy.

The US tries to ignore the fact that Iran has been opening up on the Arab states, especially in the Gulf, to discuss the issues of security in the region on the basis of Islamic friendship both as Muslims and neighbouring countries, especially that the issue of Iraq has an impact on Iranian security, as well as on that the Arab and Islamic Worlds.

Moreover, Iran does not represent sectarian threats on the sectarian commitments, on the neighbouring countries, as the American intelligence agencies are trying to suggest.

We call on the Palestinians people who have set an example in their patience and perseverance to strength his national unity for it is the secret of its strength and salvation. They should continue their resistance following the lead of the Lebanese Islamic Resistance. The Occupation will not withdraw except if the Intifada gains more strength as a result of implementing its long-term strategy in which both the people and the Mujahideen play integral and complimentary roles.

Europe and Iran: Close Relations

We have noticed that some EU states are still planning, as a result of American pressure, to impose sanctions on Iran to pressurize it and force it to quit its peaceful nuclear project. We believe that such as attitude is not in the interests of these countries. Their interests lie in establishing closer relations with the Arab and Muslim region, where as America wants to use European states in implementing its aggressive strategy against the interests of the peoples of the region. That is why we want them to review their policy of pressurizing Iran and Syria that serves Israeli interest in Lebanon, and does not help Lebanon in trying to deter Israeli daily aggressions or make it withdraw from the occupied Shibaa farms.

The Arab and Muslim people want to establish friendly relations with the EU states that have major interests in our region, based on friendship, mutual respect and realistic conception of the political realities.

Lebanon: A call for openness

In Lebanon, we believe that the political situation is still paralysed, as a result of the rigid and narrow mentality of several parties who dominate internal polities and look for the foreign countries to win internally.

It is the people who are voicing their call to solve the complicated problems that engulf the country, and they are the ones who raise any politician or fall him. Therefore, we should strive to be aware of our real interests away for sectarianism that some trade with to strengthen their leadership.

We are hearing a lot of calls for dialogue, but past experience has shown us that dialogue does not produce results if those participating in it do not open up on one another and try to find a basis for mutual trust.

The talks about going back to the institutions will not yield decisive results given the debate about the constitutionality of these institutions.

We also do not believe that the issue lies in how much the opposition or the governments could deploy masses. It lies in the concern of all people for their vital interests, through a national unity government. If we lose this openness towards one another based on the mutual confidence in the patriotism of all parties, no one third plus one of minus one will do any good, for the ongoing row will kill any understanding whether internally or externally.

Have mercy on Lebanon that you sunk in quicksand. You will not gain anything by following America's dictates to aggravate the conflict.

If such indifference towards the country's destiny continues, and if we continue to listen to what the external powers want, we will reach a stage when the temple will fall on all our heads.