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Lectures > 2007 Speeches > 07/12/2007

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque,7th December 2007 AD, 27 Zul Kaada 1428 H, several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

To Build a Society of Peace and Harmony:
Set aright your Differences and Obey Allah and His Messenger


The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

Brotherhood of Faith

How does Allah, The Most Exalted, want the Muslim community to act in life and what kind of relations does He want it to establish among its members? How does He want this community to open up on Him, constantly renewing its belief in Him and fear Him in a way that they will tremble if they mention Him?

At first, Allah, The Most Exalted, wants us to establish among the community of believers a covenant of faith. He wants every believer to feel in his heart and mind the brotherhood with all believers. He, the Most Exalted, says that all believers are but brothers. But such brotherhood is superior to that of linage, since it is based on the relationship with the creator of one's father and mother who created all people and not merely a blood relation with one's father or mother.

Such a brotherhood of faith starts first in the mind through believing in the oneness of Allah, and then in the heart through the love of Allah before it is demonstrated in life through obeying our creator.

Setting aright differences among Muslims

The First responsibility this brotherhood initiates lies in that every believer should follow up the relations among believers, and whenever he sees a difference among two of them, whether a husband and wife or other believers, he has to set it aright to restore the relationship of brotherhood among them and do not enable the differences to affect their life or the welfare of the community. This is true even with respect to Muslim groups (tribes, parties, sects and the like). He calls on us to And if two parties of the believers quarrel, make peace between them so that the Muslim community would maintain internal peace, lest the community will fall and be corrupted. Thus Allah, The Most Exalted, wants the believing community to open up on Him to be afraid from His wrath and punishment and obey all what He has commanded.

Allah emphasized this command in the Anfal Surah. So fear Allah, and keep straight the relations between yourselves: Obey Allah and His Messenger, if ye do believe. :

Obey Allah in all what He commanded in His Books, as well as the Sunnah of His Messenger – since obeying the Messenger is obeying Allah If ye do love Allah, Follow me: Allah will love you and forgive you your sins(3:13).

The true believer

Who are the believers?

They only are the (true) believers whose hearts feel fear when Allah is mentioned, and when His revelations are recited unto them they increase their faith, and who trust in their Lord;

Wherewith Allah guideth all who seek His good pleasure to ways of peace and safety, and leadeth them out of darkness, by His will, unto the light,- guideth them to a path that is straight.

when they are invited to Allah and His Messenger that he may judge between them, is only to say: We hear and we obey; and these it is that are the successful.
It is such as obey Allah and His Messenger, and fear Allah and do right, that will win (in the end).

Not only their hearts became full of fear when Allah the creator of the Heavens and whom all glory belongs, but also they are the ones whom when they listen to Allah's verses their faith is consolidated, since these verses are but a light that illuminates their minds hearts and lives. Those whom if they fear the future and the unexpected challenges, they will rely on God to protect them.

Then Allah talks about the trails of these Muslims :Those who keep up prayer and spend (benevolently) out of what We have given them. Such in truth are the believers: they have grades of dignity with their Lord, and forgiveness, and generous sustenance:

For belief is not a word. It is in the mind that feels the glory of Allah and act accordingly in obeying Him and His Messenger.

Hypocrites

There is also another point that the Quran describes: It is the qualities of hypocrites who claim to believe but do not practice this belief. Those people say we believe in Allah and the Messenger, professing the two testimonies, and say that they are ready to obey They say, "We believe in Allah and in the messenger, and we obey": but even after that, some of them turn away: they are not (really) Believers.

 

But when their verbal expression is put into practice they will not act accordingly. And they say: We believe in Allah and in the Messenger and we obey; then a party of them turns back after this, and these are not believers. When they are summoned to Allah and His messenger, in order that He may judge between them, behold some of them decline (to come).

If they are called to accept the ruling of Allah to judge among them they will refuse, although Allah says in Al-Nisa Surah that belief means that one should accept Allah's judgement.

But no, by the Lord, they can have no (real) Faith, until they make thee judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against Thy decisions, but accept them with the fullest conviction. Those people when they are called to Allah and His Messenger that he may judge between them, lo! a party of them turn aside.

They will not accept the judgment if it is not in their side .And they say they want to resort the state law. But when they find that the Shariah will rule in their favour they will accept its ruling: And if the truth be on their side, they come to him quickly, obedient.


Is it that there is a disease in their hearts? or do they doubt, or are they in fear, that Allah and His Messenger will deal unjustly with them? Nay, it is they themselves who do wrong

These are not the traits of the believers. On the contrary, the believers are those who

make thee judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against Thy decisions, but accept them with the fullest conviction

True Repentance

Lastly, there is an invitation that Allah has made to the believers who commit sins. He opened for them the door of true repentance in which one pledges not to go back to committing sins and disobey in Allah.

He says: O ye who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance: In the hope that your Lord will remove from you your ills and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow,- the Day that Allah will not permit to be humiliated the Prophet and those who believe with him. Their Light will run forward before them and by their right hands, while they say, "Our Lord! Perfect our Light for us, and grant us Forgiveness: for Thou hast power over all things.

Thus Allah has opened for us the door of Repentance that is bigger than the distance between earth and the sky. : He is the One that accepts repentance from His Servants and forgives sins: and He knows all that ye do.

 

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

Of the consequences of the Annapolis Conference, are the continuous assassinations and the establishment of additional settlements in Jerusalem, as well as new affirmations by the Enemy's Foreign Minister that has entity insisted on the Arab countries presence for two reasons:

The first is to support Abu Mazen's concessions concerning many of the vital issues of the Palestinian people, since he cannot offer such concessions without their support, while the second is deploying the so-called moderate states against Iran.

We notice that the attendance of the Arab states was not of their own initiative on the basis of a real plan for peace, but rather as a result of a joint American-Israeli invitation, that aims at supporting Abu Mazen's concessions.

In this regard, the Arabs (the regimes) do not in general have any objection to provide additional strategic concessions because they want to liberate themselves from the Palestinian cause. This means that the promised Palestinian state if founded, will be a unviable state, that do not posses the basis that will enable it to be independent from Israel practically and economically.

Iran calls for strategic-Islamic relations with the Arabs

The other issue that is represented by warning the Arabs moderates from the “Great” Iranian threat according to the US secretary of state, although it has been clear to the entire world that Iran seeks to establish the strongest and closet relations with the Arab countries, including Egypt and Jordan. And that who hinders the establishment of these relations is the American Administration that makes all effort to prevent any economic, political and security coordination between Iran and the Arab countries in general and the Gulf states in particular.

As we welcome the recent development of the Iranian president participation in the Gulf Cooperation Council summit, we see that the suggestions he made to establish an organization of cooperation between Iran and the state members of the Council in the fields of energy, investment, economy, tourism, science and others, an advanced step to enhance the friendship between these two parties that consolidates the Islamic ties among them and thwarts any attempts to distort these relations which we believe will continue to develop and move forward, in spite of all the plots of the enemies and those whose interests will be hurt.

Moreover, we believe that those who believe that these suggestions were made to avoid an American war on Iran are wrong, since Iran established these friendship relation, especially with Saudi Arabia, long before these new developments. Based on all this, we call upon the Palestinians, and the Arab and Muslim world in general, to study things in a responsible way to save the Palestinian cause. They should also, based on their old and new experiences, consider Israel as the enemy and that any Muslim state including Iran cannot be an enemy of the Arabs and Muslims, especially the Palestinians, whom Iran supports their cause at a time most of the Arabs and Muslims have ignored it.

Isolating Iran

In this respect, we appreciate the statement made by the Secretary General of the Arab League in which he asked: Why do we talk about Iran and not Israel? He also noted that every peaceful nuclear effort that confirms with non-proliferation of nuclear weapons treaty, and that is agreed upon by the International Atomic Energy Agency is legitimate and acceptable.

In this statement he is actually pointing out to Israel, which did not sign the treaty yet, although it is making a lot of fuss about the peaceful Iranian nuclear efforts.

Thus, it is very remarkable that France should show such hysterical enthusiasm for economic sanctions against Iran, yielding to the demands of Israel and America.

On a parallel line, the national American intelligence has dealt a severe political blow to Bush's Administration, when it stressed that Iran has halted its military nuclear program in Autumn 2003, and considered that Iran is less determined now to make a nuclear weapon and that it will not make one before 2015, in case it resumes such an effort.

But some American officials considered that such an outcome was a result of the strategy of isolating Iran diplomatically that accompanied the negotiations, and that the international community has to increase the pressures to ensure the success of this strategy. Such logic highlights the impasse the report of the national intelligence made, since it asserted that Iran stopped its nuclear weapon program, before all international pressures and economic sanctions begun.

Based on this fact, we can maintain that the American and European stand-especially the French and the British, is a political one that aims at pressurizing Iran to force it to accept the political conditions of the superpowers, and prevent it from acquiring the scientific know how in the nuclear and all other fields that can provide self sufficiency in all the people's needs in our region, making the Muslims in constant need to the West.

This is what the region should understand and plan to change, since independence, is the independence of needs and not only policies, which could not be attained if the former is not achieved.

Thus, to build our future we should focus, as a priority, on building our scientific progress and prepare scientists that specialize in all majors that would allow us to build a comprehensive civilization.

Civil Peace in Lebanon

Even though a window of hope has been opened to reach a consensus on the presidency in Lebanon, the debates are still taking place over the image of the future in an atmosphere of a confidence crisis, which needs a continues treatment, especially to the statements that are made only compliments or political muscle showing .

We have always stressed on the need that the religious discourse, especially that is made by those who assume official posts, should be wise and objective in a way that makes it keep an equal distance from all parties, to enable it to play its role in preserving coexistence and avoid falling in the mazes of the political discourse, especially with all that debate over constitutional and other issues.

We believe that the Lebanese crisis was, and still is, very complicated on the internal and external level. Thus, making any single party solely responsible for the continuance of this crisis is a kind of simplifying that could further complicate it.

We want the Lebanese from all sects, not to consider civil peace and coexistence as points of discord. These two issues are above parties, sects and individuals. And therefore no one should mess around with them.

People are concerned about their future. And all parties if they are faithful to the people and the country – should try to address this concern.