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Lectures > 2006 Speeches > 05/05/2006

In the Name of Allah, The Compassionate, the Merciful.

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque,05th May 2006, Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

The Ethics of forgiveness in Islam


The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The Virtue of Forgiveness

Allah says in His Glorious Book:

And the recompense of evil is punishment like it, but whoever forgives and amends, he shall have his reward from Allah; and If you do good openly or do it in secret or pardon an evil then surely Allah is Pardoning, Powerful. . He also says :Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves those who do good. Thus, there are several Ayahs that deal with this aspect of people's life, especially with their relations with one another. When someone hurts another or violates his rights or even commits an aggression against him , he not only hurts their relationship but also affects the stability of the society. Thus Allah wanted to solve this issue by two means. The first is to give the man who was transgressed at the right to transgress back but in an equal way.

This is the legal right to retains one's dignity, and that is why the Holy Ayah says: . If then any one transgresses the prohibition against you, Transgress ye likewise against him.You have the right to transgress back but it should be equal, because when you transgress more you would be wronging the other, thus deviating from the line of justice.

The second way is forgiveness, and tolerance. One would forego his rights and would not retaliate, but would rather do good to those who hurt him, This method that of foregoing personal rights for the sake of positive reactions and peace, is the method that Allah wants man to adopt .That is why we read in the Quran, but whoever forgives and amends, he shall have his reward from Allah, Allah is saying to you: if you forgive those who hurt you, then Allah will reward you with a limitless, reward, especially because such an action requires patience :those who patiently persevere will truly receive a reward without measure!"

In this respect the Messenger (p.) says: "Should I tell you of the best virtue in this life and in the Hereafter. It is to forgive those who wrong you, visit those who boycott you, to be charitable with those who hurt you and to give those who denied you'. This prophetic saying suggests that the morals Islam calls for, are not a matter of trade: To give you because you have given me. This is a no way sublime manners. It is rather more like a trade deal. But if you forgive those who wrong you and react to those who offended you by being good to them, then your manners are sublime and you are greater than those who fall under the influence of negative reaction.

The Messenger(p.) also says: When Allah's servants are summoned , someone will call: "Let those whose reward is due from Allah enter Paradise". When asked who are those, he said: those who forgive.

They also said: forgive one another, for this ends any bud feelings among you" since forgiving emanates from a pure and good spirit.

If we pray to Allah to forgive our sins, we ought to forgive one another : The duaa of Al-Thimali states :O' my Lord! You have revealed in Your (holy) book for us to forgive those who committed injustice toward us, and we have committed injustice (by sinning) toward ourselves so pardon our conduct, for You are more worthy of pardoning than we are;

The Messenger says: "I saw the night I was taken in my night journey some places that overlook paradise. I asked Gabriel: whom are these for and he said: They are for those who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves those who do good

He also says: "Whoever forgives when capable (of punishing) Allah will forgive him". Imam Al-Hussein: "The most forgiving among people are those who forgive when they are capable (of punishing). Imam Ali says: "If you have the power to punish your enemy, then make you forgiveness, to him, a way of thanking for that power.

Yet there are those whom if you forgive they will become more aggressive and wrong others. Imam Zien Al-Abideen says: "The right of those who offend you is to forgive them but if you see that forgiving harms them you should take your rights". Thus you should study each case to see if forgiving does good or aggravates the evil. Imam Ali says: "Reward the good deeds and forgo bad ones, unless they hurt the religion or weaken the power of Islam".

He also said when he was stabbed by Ibn Maljam: "If a stay (alive) then I have the right to decide what to do… And if forgive then this will get me closer to Allah and this a good deed to do. Therefore, forgive don't you like to forgiven by Allah”.

Imam Ali says to Malik Ashtar and through him to all those who yield power in the society: do not behave like a ferocious beast toward them, snatching away their sustenance, for the people are of two categories: they are your brothers in religion and/or your fellow human beings"., let good works be your true assets. Discipline yourself, and covet not that which is not rightfully yours. Train your heart to feel compassion for the people, to love them and be kind to them

These are the Islamic morals that Allah focused on in the Glorious Quran, and that He wanted man to live in his house, at home and in the society. Allah wants justice on the one hard and charity on the other. This is the ethics that eliminates all bad feelings in our hearts and that establishes peace and tranquillity in our souls, and in every aspect of life.

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

An American war on the Arab and Muslim world

America is trying to wage a political, economic and military war against Iran, on the pretence of accusing it of trying to produce nuclear weapons. It is coordinating with Britain and France that have yielded to the American demands to pressurize the Arab and Muslim worlds especially Iran, Syria and Palestine. Thus a new alliance is formed to help Israel in the pressures on the Palestinians, and its besiege of the Palestinian people and its war against the Arabs and the Muslim, which turns the EU into a new axis of hostility against the Arab and Muslim worlds having previously been rather more balanced and moderate in its relations with the region.

One of the moves America has resorted to implement its plan was to submit to Security Council a French formulated resolution that serves the American policies and goals. The resolution interferes in the Lebanese-Syrian relations to demarcate the Lebanese-Syria borders including that of the Shibaa' forms, as a prelude to end the role of the Islamic Resistance, claiming that in this way it helps in strengthening the Lebanese state although America has not provided any help for the Lebanese Army to protect the country against Israeli aggressions. In fact America’s only condition to provide arms is not to be used against Israel. At the same time America provides Israel with all the aid it needs to remain the strongest force in the region, since the Zionist-American alliance targets the Arab and the Muslim worlds represented at this stage by the American occupation that coordinates with the enemy in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as using the NATO facilities to serve the Israeli security needs…

The resolution also pressurizes Syria to establish diplomatic relations with Lebanon, although this resolution, like the previous one, represents an interference in the internal affairs of the two countries.

The second resolution is related to Iran and its project to enrich uranium for peaceful purposes. It is in essence an Israeli resolution even if it was submitted by the US. Britain and France. It aims at weakening any state in the region that seeks to acquire a force that enables it to protect its independence and vital interests, thus allowing the Western States to continue to exploit the wealth and national resources of the downtrodden countries.

The Colonial Plan in Lebanon

The arrogant states try to use Lebanon through certain Lebanese parties that meet with the Americans on being hostile to Syria.

They, the Lebanese parties want to revenge, but they cover this desire by their talk about distinguished relations with Syria, while in actual fact they are playing the American game of pressurizing Syria as a bridge to pressurize the new Palestinian government and strengthen the foundation of the American occupation of Iraq as well as besieging Iran not only in its nuclear project but also in its policies of supporting freedom and confronting arrogance.

Thus, Lebanon has become a tool to preoccupy Syria politically and even military if need be, while the real target is Iran, Palestine and Iraq.

The Question is what is the interest of Lebanon in this American-Israeli-European plan? Can this small country act as a bridge for the arrogant to accomplish its project of the bigger Middle East and contractive anarchy, and for exploiting the region's potentials and national resources?

We warn the Lebanese from the motives of this devious plan that makes Lebanon a passage for colonialism and a virtual base for realizing it plans, despite the denial of the Lebanese government. We have constantly asserted that we are not against international aid, but we do not want it attached to thousands of stings that turn Lebanon to a pressure card against the peoples of the region…

All Lebanese should study the history of the arrogant plans to understand that they only create chaos and war.

The Massacres in Iraq

In this American atmosphere of chaos, Iraq still suffers of daily massacres that kill innocent civilians and that are indirectly protected by the American occupation forces and facilitated by the Mosad operations that undermine the Iraqi security by all criminal means including inciting sectarian and racial strife and assassinating Iraqi scientists who play a significant role in advancing the Iraqi universities.

In addition, the political confusion, supervised by the American Embassy in Baghdad and the envoys who visit the country every now and then interfere even in forming the government, so as to prevent the establishment of a national unity government that plans for the withdrawal of the occupation from Iraq.

As for Palestine, it lives in the shadow of the daily assassinations of the Mujahideen and besieging and starving the entire population to prevent them form establishing their free independent state. They are also pressurizing under American European and Arab covers, the Palestinian democratically elected government, because it does not conform with the American-Israeli and perhaps Arab plan to rein in the Palestinian Authority and keep it under a political environment that does not allow an Islamic popular democratic movement to lead the process of reform and change.

Lastly, we notice that the entire region, with Lebanon in the forefront, is moving form one state of political turmoil into another, because we are not allowed to stabilize our general situation. We have to know how to stand on a firm land to study the future in a careful way that could define the dangerous threats, so that we an solve our problems though our free will that emphasizes the freedom, independence strength and development of our peoples… And that creates a favourable environment for a dialogue that discusses how to have a future in which every person lives his humanity, and that joins between the diverse political and cultural sects on a common basis to ensure that our nation turns out to be a unified strong nation that has its shining place under the sun.