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Lectures >2005 Speeches > 04/03/2005

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The Religious Authority, Ayatullah Al Ozma Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, Muharram 23 1426 H, March 04 2005 A.D. Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

Imam Zain Al-Abidin (a.s.)
Changing Tragedy into a Cause

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful  

From the Members of House whom Allah, the most Exalted, has purified is Imam Zain Al-Abidin whose death anniversary is on the 25th of Muharram.

When we think of the role of this Imam, we will notice how multi-dimensional his imamate was, for he lived to fill the minds of the people with knowledge, their hearts with love and their life with good.

Imam As-Sajad, as he is known, reached the apex in his spirituality. He loved God and worshipped Him so much that he was dissolved in Him. When we read his supplication, we will learn how to talk to God, and how our belief in God will make us open on good and tranquility. The supplications of the Imam(a.s.) make us feel that he was living Islam in all its ethical and spiritual aspects. We would feel as if we have enrolled in a cultural and spiritual Islamic school that will make one's life full of God.

The Imam(a.s.) has taught us this very important lesson: How to live with God throughout all our life, and especially in its cultural and spiritual aspect.

Ashoura: The Message.

When we review the life of this Imam, we will find out the he lived all the acts of the Ashoura tragedy. In addition to the theme of Ashoura, the need to enjoin good and denounce falsehood even if it costs you your life; the theme of pride, steadfastness and readiness to die for the cause of Allah, he lived all its chapters that were unprecedented in their dimensions. He had to watch a toddler slaughtered, young men killed and the elderly martyred… He also had to live with the women's grief and patience. He had to keep up all this in his mind without falling down.

That is why he was very courageous when he met the tyrants in Kufa and Damascus. He challenged them in an outright manner. Thus, when we study the Imam, we do not accept the picture that many of those who recite the events of Ashoura present. He was not a humiliated man who crying, for he was very courageous when he met Ibn Ziad and Yazied. But those reciters want us to cry and not to learn the message Ashoura is supposed to teach us.

Moreover, the tragedy of Ashoura did not hinder him from teaching Muslims when he returned to Medina the basis of their religion, onr did it prevent him from filling Islamic life with Knowledge, spirit and movement.

In addition, he acted as a role model in his morals of forgiveness and tolerance. It is said that when the city revolted against Yazid, they wanted to kill Marwan Ibn Al-Hakam who hated Ahl El-Beit and had previously advised that Al-Hussein ought to be killed. Thus, Marwan wanted to flee, leaving behind a large family of about 400 sons and grandsons and their families. Nobody in Medina accepted to offer refuge to them except the Imam (a.s.) whom the Umayyads killed his father, his brothers, his uncles and their companions.

Such were the morals of Imam Ali bin al-Hussein (a.s. ) that when he was cursed by one of his relatives, he asked his companions to "Let us go to him so that we will say what we have and he will say what he has. The companions thought that this meant that he was going to confront him in a violent manner, but when the Imam saw the man, he told him “You have described me with bad things. If they were true, I ask God to forgive me, but if they were not, I ask Him to forgive you”. The man was stunned and said: "I was wrong, God alone knows who should be entrusted with His message.

Filling life with knowledge and spirituality

The Imam filled his community and the Muslim nation in general with knowledge, spirituality and morals.

When one of his companions saw him crying out of fear of God, and could not understand how could the grandson of Muhammad (p.), and Ali (a.s.) the commander of the faithful, and the son of Imam Hussein (a.s. ) and the nephew of Imam Al-Hassan, he said: "Leave out the talk about my father and grandfather, Allah has made Heaven to those who obey Him regardless of their race, and He created Hell to those who don't, even if they were Quraishite dignitaries.

He was filled with piety and humanitarianism. If he cried over the martyrdom of his father, it was because he wanted to keep Ashoura alive in the memory of the Muslims, in a way that merges between emotion and the message to keep the struggle for the cause of Allah alive and vibrant at all times. This is why the Imam was the first to hold Ashoura ceremonies that has provided the driving force to several Islamic movements, struggles and revolutions.

But the call for tolerance, patience and forgiveness, being the basis for the Islamic ethics served the ultimate goal of Islam in this field: "To enjoin good and forbid evil”. The Imam used to say: "Leaving the call for enjoining the good and forbidding evil is similar to leaving the Book of Allah”.

This is the lesson of Imam Ali Bin Al-Hussein (a.s. ) ; a lesson who ought to grasp to be able to lead a spiritual and ethical life. Peace be on him , his father, his grandfather, his uncle, his grandmother and his great grandfather, the Messenger of Allah.

The First Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

Resolution 1559 and the American Interests.

The American -European alliance is talking about international legitimacy and about the need for Syria and Lebanon to respect it, as far as resolution 1559 goes. They are even talking in a tone that implies threatening and not only exerting pressure. Their envoys, and embassy officials are executing a concerted plan in connecting with a certain Lebanese party to create a certain feeling of concern over the stability of the country.

But things became very dangerous, following the barbaric assassination of prime minister, Rafic Hariri, and attempts to destabilize the country were stepped up considerably.

We have asserted several times that Lebanon, just as any other country, has the right to enjoy its political and security freedom, and to be sovereign and independent in matters concerning the right of self-determination. We also asserted that Lebanon has a right to base its relations, whether with those neighboring it or other faraway countries, on the basis of sovereignty and mutual respect.

But why is the call for implementing this resolution so aggressive while Israel has rejected all the Security Council resolutions that has to do with it. Israel has stood against resolution 19 4 that calls foe the return of the refugees, and its position was supported by President Bush in his letter of guarantees to Sharon. Israel also rejected Resolution 242 and 338 as well as all the other decisions that have to do with the settlements and the racial wall…

The International Community that Bush pretends to talk on its behalf did not exert any pressure on Israel as if it can get away with what others can not. The same thing goes to the latest resolution that aims at banning WMDs. This resolution has exempted Israel while it has made a lot of fuss about Iran's peaceful nuclear program. Then there is the American occupation of Iraq that was based on the big lie of Iraq possessing weapons of mass destruction.

Is the issue one of freedom democracy and peace or rather the American interests that seek to exploit whatever shortages or gaps in the policies of any country to execute their own agenda.

America and Israel

In this atmosphere it is quite Ironic and cynical that the US hints that it would provide security aid to help fill in the vacuum that would be created by the Syrian withdrawal. We have seen how America has filled in the vacuum in Iraq turning it to a place where Iraqi civilians fall everyday. It has not been able even to protect its own tropes.

The American envoy who has come to Lebanon to execute the already setup plan for this country through the instructions he had given to those who have chosen to adopt the American line, has agreed with the enemy's foreign minister in saying that if Lebanon is liberated from the Syrian occupation, it will sign a peace treaty with Israel.

They also intersect with those who are raising questions regarding the arms of the resistance, despite all their talk of the necessity of protecting it.

We, as a nation, have to look to what is happening in the region around us. We have to observe what is happening in Palestine, which was told in London that it has to reform first as a precondition to establish a state although we know that the Palestinian people need to be liberated so that it could utilize all its abilities and potentials to run its own affairs. In doing this they do not need any regional or international conferences.

The massacres in Iraq

Iraq that suffers from the disaster of occupation moves from one brutal massacre to another. These massacres are committed by mainly two parties: Those who accuse others of being not Muslims and practice their hatred on Muslims in the name of Islam's, while the other party is the occupation which we believe is responsible for all the massacres because they have failed to protect the people , let alone protecting their troops . In this respect, we call on the Shiite and Sunni religious scholars to raise their voice against this tragic situation.

We also pray to Allah to relief the Iraqi people from this catastrophic situation.

Lebanon and Responsible action

As Lebanon faces the threat of power vacuum and political turmoil, as well as security instability and the intensification of the economic crisis, we call on all parties to resort to planning instead of improvisation , and to be rational and not emotional.

We call on them to resort to objective dialogue in which each party recognizes the other, on the basis of citizenship instead of confessionalsism … We have to understand that there are many problems that has to do with freedom, economy, politics and security. These issues need further studying and exchange of views. They need leniency, instead of violence and confrontation in the intellectual arenas and not on the popular fronts.

Are we asked to destroy the country by our emotional or sectarian reactions that could lead to the fall of the temple on the heads of all of us? Do we need to reenter the American -Israeli age, which will not be in the interests of the Lebanese, nor in the interests of the entire nation.

The coming stage needs responsible thinking possible leadership and responsible people. Could we face this challenge?