The First Sermon
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the
God, the Most Exalted says in His Glorious Book:
Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people
of the House! and to purify you a (thorough) purifying. One of those
people is Imam Jaafar bin Muhammad As-Sadiq (a.s) whose death
anniversary passed on the 25th of the month of Shawal. This Imam
filled the Islamic culture in his age with culture, knowledge,
philosophy and advancement in all these fields.
In that era, you would not have found any one who
did not benefit from his knowledge, become his student or citied one
of his sayings.
One of the hadith scholars at that time says: I
entered the Kufa[i] Mosque, and saw
900 teachers each of them starting by saying I was told by Ja'afar
bin Muhammad As-Sadiq (a.s.). His biographers say that they have
counted those who cited his traditions and sayings and found that
they reached four thousands.
Furthermore, when we study his legacy we will
find that it was so diverse dealing with philosophy, ethics,
religious sciences and even physical sciences like chemistry, which
one of the great scholars of chemistry of that age, Jaber bin Hayan,
mentions that Imam Ja'afar (a.s.) was his teacher.
The school the Imam instituted, opened up on all
Islamic groups, whether those of his sect or those of other sects.
Of those he taught was Imam Abu Hanifa, the Imam
of the Hanafi school, who he used to say: Were not for the two years
(he spent as a student of Imam Jaafar (a.s.)), I would have been
Asked who was the most knowledgeable jurist of
his time, Abu Hanifa said it was Imam Jaafar (a.s.), adding that he
was summoned by Caliph Abu Jaafar Al Mansour who told him that the
people have been charmed by Imam Jaafar (a.s.).
He asked him to pick some problematic questions
that the Imam would not be able to answer. Then when I started to
ask him the questions in front of the caliph and a large audience,
The Imam (a.s.) used to reply to each one saying: You say this and
this and we say this and this while the people in Medina say this
and this, until he answered all forty questions with such a
comprehensive outline of all juristic views. Abut Hanifa went on to
conclude: Don't we believe that the most knowledgeable people are
those who best know what people differ about.
The Imam also opened up on Malek bin Anas, the
Imam of the Maliki school, who used to say: No eye has seen, and no
ear has heard, and no mind have thought of someone better than
Jaafar bin Muhammad in his knowledge, worshipping and piety.
Knowledge and Science:
Imam Jaafar's school of thought was
instituted on several general principles:
The first being the value of reason in Islam
since Allah made the mind the argument that justifies His reward
and punishment of His worshippers. The Imam used to tell his
followers that they have to resort to logic and avoid backwardness
and myth. He also said: The mind is the believers’ guide, and he
used to associate between the mind and good manners saying: Those
who have the most perfect mind are those who have the best manners.
He also used to cite the Prophet as saying: we the group of
prophets were ordered to speak to people at the level of their
intelligence since if you want to convince someone you must talk
to him in the language he understands.
The second principle the Imam's school was
founded on was science. Man has to resort to science in all things
that has to do with his needs. He used to cite the Messenger as
saying: Seeking knowledge is a duty on every Muslim. be he man or
woman. In this respect, he believed that it is the responsibility
of the scholar to teach the ignorant saying that he read in Ali's
Book that Allah did not commit the ignorant to seek knowledge until
he committed the scholars to teach them.
The Imam of Dialogue and freedom
Another basis of Imam Sadiq's school is dialogue.
The Imam (a.s) used to believe that when people diverged in their
opinions they had to resort to dialogue, for Allah, the most
exalted, has commanded us to call for Him by wisdom and to argue
with them in the best way. Thus, if you differ with another man you
have to enter into a scientific and objective dialogue with him in
order to reach conclusive results.
The Imam(a.s) practiced this dialogue, whether
with his companions whom he used to conduct dialogue with them as
a means to correct their thoughts, and methods, or with the atheists
who used to discuss the most critical and sensitive questions with
him inside the Haram Mosque.
Another important foundation, was freedom. The
Imam believed that people ought to be free and not yield to
pressures, or relinquish their ideas when confronted by the
oppressors. He used to say: A free man is always free, If he is
faced by trouble, he would be patient, And if catastrophes hit him
he will not be defeated or broken even if he was imprisoned.
The Imam (a.s) used to give Prophet Yousuf (a.s)
as a role model to follow. Prophet Yousuf (a.s) did not submit to
slavery when he was enslaved. But he was patient and lived his
freedom inside him, until the oppressor became, by Allah's will, his
This is what the Imam taught: you should always
be free, because freedom lies inside you. If others are able to
imprison your body, they cannot lock up your thought, because they
do not control it.
The Imam's school also emphasized the importance
of dignity. He believed that Allah's assertion that the believers
are dignified means that Allah has left the believers in charge of
all their affairs, but he did not allow them to humiliate
themselves, either by engaging in what will lead them to apologise
later or putting themselves in situations they cannot bear.
A life Guide:
The Imam (a.s) wanted to warn people that not all
the hadith that is narrated among the Shiites and Sunnis are
authentic. But how would we distinguish between an authentic hadith
and a false one? The Imam says that we have to go back to the Book
of Allah. If it conforms to it then it is authentic, but if it does
not then it is false, regardless of the person who is narrating it
whether he is good or bad.
He used to send verbal messages to his companions
“I enjoin you to fear Almighty Allah, be pious,
work hard for the sake of Allah, be truthful in speech, trustworthy
in handling trusts, prolong the prostration (sajda) and be good
neighbours. This is What Muhammad (p.) came with. Return things
trusted to your custody, whether they belong to a pious person or a
sinner because the Messenger of Allah (p.) used to enjoin the
returning of even [small items like] a thread and a needle. Maintain
relationship with your kinfolk, participate in their funerals, visit
their sick, and fulfil their right”.
Once he asked one of his companions, who had left
his people and travelled with him. How did you leave your brothers?
The man praised them. Then the Imam asked him if
their rich help the poor. When the man replied that this was a rare
phenomena. the Imam asked him 'then how do you claim that they are
These are some of the countless virtues of Imam
Al-Sadiq, and this is what we have to abide by if we consider
ourselves to be the followers of Ahl el-Biet. If we wish to become
their followers we have to elevate ourselves to the level they
wished us to rise to in this world and in the Hereafter.
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the
The First Sermon
Targeting the Islamic Identity
In the war the American arrogance and its Western
and Zionist allies are waging against Islam, under the pretence of
fighting terrorism, a special emphasis lies on the Quranic culture,
and especially the Islamic interpretation of the Glorious Quran.
They claim that the Quran represents the basis of the terrorist
conception that encourages physical violence. It also encourages
not recognizing the other. They also cite certain negative words
that were used in the context of the fight against the oppressors to
further solidify their case, but they ignore all the positive words.
They have even begun to demand to delete certain
Quranic verses and Holy Hadith from the courses of religious
education that are taught to school children. And certain Muslim
countries, especially those that normalized the relations with
Israel are planning to delete all verses that describe in a negative
context the Jew's attitude toward Islam and towards the entire
In Israel, they have started to interpret God's
saying that those who are killed for the cause of God are not dead,
but rather living, as encouraging people to commit violence, since
they are promised by great rewards. In France too, they have started
to say that those who were engaged in the turmoil in the suburbs
were racist and violent Muslims, although many of them were black
Catholics. Others claim that the problem lies in that Muslims hate
the West and refuse to integrate in it.
Such claims that did not bother to study the
oppression against Muslim immigrants in the West or the Mujahideen
in Palestine are a carefully studied response to justify their
hateful behaviour, especially that of the right, so that they will
not feel any guilt, despite the fact that the immigrants whether in
Palestine or the West have lived for tens or years in a way that
abides by civilized laws, but they were subjected to racial
persecution and brutal oppression, a fact that is recognized by free
and honest intellectuals who call for studying the reasons that
impel the poor and the downtrodden to revolt.
We call for justice in this world in which those
in charge talk about human rights, but at the same time encourage
the persecution of occupation forces to the downtrodden nations and
practice racial discrimination in the name of fighting racism. We
say to all those both in the West and the East: A little bit of
honesty in the slogans your raise, some justice in dealing and some
realistic studying of the realities in human societies.
On the other hand, we urge all Muslims in schools
and cultural institutions to be faithful to Islam, and not to make
my concessions regarding any letter of the Glorious Quran. But at
the same time we encourage the interpretation of the Quran that
focuses on condemning violence except in self – defence or in
support of the downtrodden. We want them to face the arrogant
campaign that aims at undermining the Muslims’ confidence in Islam,
so that they will accept the concessions the arrogant are demanding,
to promote their hegemony and appropriate our vital causes.
We also urge the Palestinians to continue to
monitor the complicated situation they are facing in Palestine, and
the political complications the Jews create. This is very
important: if they want to unify their positions of confrontation
they should rise above the petty differences the enemy creates among
them or their own political ambitions. The enemy might differ in
its internal calculations but they always unite in their efforts to
eradicate the Palestinians.
As for Iraq, the latest Bush speeches reveal that
all he wants is victory at any cost. All the talk about the Iraqis'
cause , Iraqis’ security, democracy and freedom is but a lie.
The occupation forces have not given the Iraqi
security forces anything to defend themselves with, let alone the
Iraqi people. Moreover, the Iraqi Army is neither trained nor
equipped to protect the country, which means that the occupation
plans to stay for a long time while the Iraqi security in moving
forward at the speed of a turtle.
We do not find in the near future any realistic
chance for the withdrawal of the forces of occupation, not as long
as the Iraqi officials ask them to stay, and not as long as the
American Administration talks about the necessity of achieving
victory not only in Iraq, but also in the entire region. This is
what the Iraqi people should understand so as not to be deceived by
the fantasy dreams of the occupation's media.
On another level, the complicated security
situation in Yemen makes us quite worried and concerned, for we have
no confidence in the Government’s policy towards the downtrodden in
the region of Saada, in that it seeks a possible peaceful solution
based on justice and the right. We call on all the rational and wise
people of all Yemeni parties to interfere to stop the blood shedding
since they all know that America tries to interfere in such issues,
for it considers Yemen as a front to fight terrorism.
Lebanon is besieged:
As for Lebanon, the international, regional and
local complications, are still influencing the internal political
field, and as parties are engaged in accusing one another, or in
political analysis that incite fears from an outside sabotage
violating security, foreign tutelage, investigations that some of
accuse of lying while others believe them to be honest: all
representing a maze that the Lebanese are addicted to walk through
or sink in its quick sand.
Meanwhile, the poor are getting poorer, and the
deprived are calling for a solution to save them from the
catastrophic circumstances they are suffering from . The enemy looks
at us and laughs , while America continues to play Lebanon as a
card, without the Lebanese having any role in solving their
complications that suffocates their present and future.
They want Lebanon to remain besieged by
humiliation. Who would get him out to the fresh air of freedom?
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