Fairness and Sublime morals
How does Islam draw the basis of the
humanitarian dealing among human beings in a way that makes them close
to God, win His satisfaction and earn them a place in Heaven? Several
traditions of the Prophet and the Imams of Ahl el-Beit have dealt with
these issues, explaining how to deal with one's close relatives or
within the community at large.
Imam Zein Al-Abidien (a.s.) relates
a saying by the Prophet in his last speech. It was as if the Prophet
ended this speech by these words so that they would be memorized. He
(p.) says: Blessed is he who has good manners- the word blessed could
mean a place in Heaven or a high position that is close to Allah.
But who are the ones that are
blessed? They are those who apply good manners in their social life.
They are the honest – truthful and trust worthy who open up on the
grief of peoples to share with and let happiness enter their hearts –
a pure soul – which gets rid of all vices and psychological illnesses
– one who has good intentions towards all fellow beings, that is full
with love and care for the wellbeing of others. Such intentions leave
no place for hatred, malice cheat, or wronging… he who spends on
others whatever extra money he has – he spends all what who does not
need to ensure his sustenance, and pays all alms taxes khums and the
like that are due, he who holds any necessary speech of lies,
backbiting, falsehood and the like. Lastly the Prophets considered to
be blessed too the man who is fair towards others, holding himself
accountable in a way that leaves no need for others to ask him for
Imam As-Sadiq says: The best deeds
are three: they are the three deeds that are the best deeds in the
moral system that Allah wants us to follow to treat people fairly so
that you want for them what you want for yourself – what do you want?
You want the people to respect you and give you your rights and not to
offend you. This is what you should commit yourself to when you deal
with others… to console your brothers by money. To give your brother
the money that you do not need when he is need for it. And in some
other traditions the money that you need.
The third deed is the mentioning of
Allah in all situations, so that whatever you are about to do Allah is
there with you, preventing you from doing wrong and guiding you to
what is best, Imam Ali says that mentioning Allah is not only saying
subhanallah, (Praise be to God) or there is no God but Allah. To
remember Allah is also to follow His commands and abide by His
prohibitions. Allah should be present in you, when you fulfil your
religious duties, you remember Allah and thus you perform what He
ordered you to do. And if you were about to commit a prohibited act
you would remember His wrath and refrain from doing it.
Establishing a humanistic concept
Imam Ali says. Whoever is fair to others, Allah will make him more
prestigious. Opening up on others, and trying to help them and seek to
preserve their dignity will make you more dignified. Imam As-Sadiq
(a.s.) that three are the closest to Allah on the Day of Judgement: A
man whose rage did not lead him to be unjust towards those who are
weaker then him – like the husband towards his wife and children, or
the employer towards his employees – a man who is absolutely just when
he judges between two partners and a man who would always tell the
truth even when it is against him.
Worshipping Allah in Being Just
Once a Bedouin asked the Messenger(p.)
to teach him something to do that will make him enter heaven, The
Prophet said: Do to people what you like them to do to your and
abstain from doing what you hate them to do to you. Imam Sadiq said
that Allah revealed to Adam: I will gather the good, as a whole, in
four words: one is for Men's, one is for you, one is between you and
me, and one is between people and you. The word that is for Me is that
you should worship only Me without associating (partners) to Me or
The word that is for you is that I
will reward you in your most critical need (The Day of Judgement). The
word that is between you and Me is that you should supplicate and I
will answer. The word that is between people and you is that you
should accept for yourself whatever you accept for others and hate for
them what you hate for yourself.
Imam Baqir quotes the Messenger as
saying: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family,
said: "Whoever has three qualities or one of them will be in the shade
of the throne of Allah, the Great and Almighty, on the Day of
Judgment, the day when there will be no shade except His shade. (These
qualities are): He should treat people with justice. He should do no
thing till he knows that (his deed) pleases Allah or angers Him. He
should find no fault with his Moslem brother till he frees himself
from that fault. For when he frees it from a fault, he finds another
fault in it. It is enough for the person that his soul diverts him
from the people."
This is the line of Islam and this
is what the Prophet and the Imams have guided us to .We should strive
to adopt this Islamic moral and humanistic course so that we will be
close to Allah and closer to the people and thus earn Allah's love.
The Second Sermon
To contain the big failure of its
policies in the region, especially in Iraq and Afghanistan, the US
Administration has sent its vice president to Saudi Arabia in an
effort to form an alliance of the so-called moderate states in the
region that will provide a political cover for the coming American or
perhaps Israeli attack to the Iranian nuclear reactor that Washington
views as a threat to its current hegemony on the Gulf region that
contains a third of the world oil reserves.
President Bush too, has asserted in
his trip the need for the American troops to stay in Iraq, until the
strategic mission of achieving victory and preserving American
interests in the region is accomplished. He has repeatedly talked
about the Syrian and Iranian role in complicating his occupation in
Iraq by inciting violence. In Jordan he sought to find a solution for
his impasse in Iraq with the Jordanian king at first and then with the
Iraqi prime minister by trying to figure out a way to confront Al-Qaida
that sunk Iraq in a sea of sectarian blood.
At the same time, the American
Administration is pressurizing Iran through its influence in the
Security Council and the EU states to impose sanctions against Iran if
it does not stop nuclear enrichment.
It also continues to pressurize
Syria, besieging it politically and economically and isolating it on
the international political level.
The Americans have failed in the
entire region including Afghanistan despite the fact that the NATO has
also deployed its troops in that country. Nevertheless, the Afghani
problem is still unsolved, and it becomes associated with the
Pakistani problem which too had not reached a solution that preserves
peace and stability.
The Constructive Anarchy is behind the Violence
We believe that President Bush will
not succeed in his trips because he is not acting in a realistic way
of running the critical political and security situation in the
region, which leaves the region in a shaking state of affairs. And if
the American President is saying that the Extremists are behind the
violence in Lebanon, we reckon that the reports of his envoys,
especially from his Lebanese embassy are not giving him the accurate
picture. For he is looking at one side of the story based on the views
of those who follow his policies and not that all the Lebanese who
still remember the Israeli aggression that America took part in
through its arms and cluster bombs that destroyed the Lebanese
infrastructure. They feel that America is more an enemy than a friend.
And that the violence it foresees is a product of its policy of
constructive chaos that was planned by the top officials and not those
who are protecting Lebanon's freedom and integrity and who refuse the
America Authorizes Israel to kill Palestinians
On another level, the American
President has authorized Israel to do what it wants in Palestine, and
gave it all freedom of killing and bombing the Palestinians. He
considers the Palestinians self-defence as terrorism, since they do
not have a right to be liberated.
And if he from time to time talks
about a two state solution or the Road Map, he is only gaining time
while the Zionist policy of building the separating wall, new
settlements and dislocating the Palestinians is being executed.
It is the same deceitful attitude he
has been adopting since the first day he took office, relying on the
full support of both the Democrats and the republicans, he is also
certain that some Muslim countries support these polices, as well as
the EU states that might be seeking to find a solution for the
conflict, but they do not have the ability to impose it.
Occupation is the Cause of the Iraqi Tragedy.
As a result of this political and
security confusion made by this failing administration and this
limping president, Iraq continues to suffer from the occupation
policies which created a state of chaos that covers all of Iraq. It is
regrettable that Iraqi politicians are still preoccupied in their
sectarian complications and the shares they will attain, which leaves
no hope for peace or a realistic solution.
Moreover, everybody knows that the
prolonging of the occupation is the root cause of the tragedy in the
entire region. It will lead to the fall of America in the political
and security quagmire.
This is what we want the Iraqis to
work for so that they will be able to decide their own destiny.
As we face all these strong winds in
the region we would like our Muslim and Arab peoples to be aware of
how critical the current stage and the current challenges are. This
means they have to unify their positions away from any strife or civil
war that some of America's followers are foreseeing. They should stand
against the American plots of political security and economic
subversion, to be able to make the future of victory for the entire
We want the Palestinians to be aware
of the American – Israeli conspiracy against their future, exploiting
the political differences and aborting the national unity government.
If they do not plan for the future, the temple will fall on the heads
of all of them. No regional or international axis will help, for all
what they think of is Israeli interests.
How to save Lebanon
The Lebanese have lost the unity of
position that unites them and unites their state, turning them into
conflicting groups as a result of sectarian and partisan incitation
and inciting speeches that accuse others of betrayal and treason. As a
result, the country has lost its mind and instinct begun to dominate.
Meanwhile, certain religious scholars who are supposed to be spiritual
guides have turned to support this or that leader, and resorted to
calling on the people by means of deceit to follow those leaders.
We believe that the current crisis
might lead to several political security and economic whirlpools,
especially that some leaders have failed to express their positions in
a polite manner. We say to the officials: The country and the people
will not be saved by supporting a regional or international axis.
Each axis is seeking to promote his
own interests by exploiting the Lebanese complications that have
opened the way for all those who want to dominate the country,
especially that there is an American – Israeli plan to use the
Lebanese front to further complicate the region's crisis, and to lead
several Lebanese political parties to fall under the influence of the
dangerous foreign directions.