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How to perform the Daily prayers

First one announces his intention (Niyyat) to perform the prayer whether Subh (morning), Duhr (noon),Asr (afternoon) ,Maghrib(Evening) or Isha(Night) . The Niyyat could be made by heart; that is one does not have to say it loudly .

It is enough to intend in one’s mind to perform,for example,the Duhr prayer , seeking nearness to Allah.

He then performs the TakbiratAlihram: saying Allahu Akbar(Allah is great).

Then, he recitesSurat Al-Fatiha:

BismillaahirRahmaanirRaheem :(In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful).

AlhamdulillaahiRabbil'aalameen :(Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds).

Ar-Rahmaanir-Raheem: (The Beneficent, the Merciful).

MaalikiYawmid-Deen: (Master of the Day of Judgment).

Iyyaakana'buduwalyyaakanasta'een:(You (alone) we worship; You (alone) we ask for help).

Ihdinas-Siraatal-Mustaqeem: (Guide  us to the straight path)

Siraatal-lazeenaan'amta 'alaihimGhayril-maghdoobi 'alaihimwa lad-daaalleen: (The path of those whom You havefavored; Not the (path) of those who earn Your anger nor of those who go astray).

Then he recites a full surah or a part of it like Al-Asr surah:

BismillaahirRahmaanirRaheem :(In the name of Allah, theBeneficent, the Merciful)

Wal' asr:(I swear by the time)

Innalinsaanalafeekhusr:( Most surely man is in loss)

Illallazeenaaamanuwa 'amilusaalihaatiwatawasawbilhaqqiwatawasawbissabr:(Except those who believe and do good, and enjoin on each other truth, and enjoin on each other patience)

 Then he says :Allahu Akbar (Allah is great) .

He then goes to Ruku (Bow down) and says: SubhanaRabbiyal-AdheemwaBehamdeh(Glory be to my High Sustainer and I praise Him) Allahummasalli ‘ala Muhammad wa Ali Muhammad. (O Allah! Send Your blessings on Muhammad and his progeny).While standing up he says Sami’aaAllahu Le-man Hamidah, Allahu Akbar (Allah hears and accepts the praise of one who praises).

Then he goes to Sujud (Prostration) and says: SubhanaRabbiyal-A’alaawaBehamdeh. Allahummasalli ‘ala Muhammad wa Ali Muhammad.(Glory be to my Great Sustainer, Most High, and I praise Him.O Allah! Send Your blessings on Muhammad and his progeny)

Then he sits up and saysAllahu Akbar. AstaghfuruAllah, waAtoubuIlaihi.Allahu Akbar (Allah is Great I seek forgiveness from Allah Who is my Sustainer, and I turn to Him. Allah is Great  ).

Then he goes down to the second Sujud (Prostration) and says: SubhanaRabbiyal-A’alaawaBehamdeh.(Glory be to my Great Sustainer, Most High, and I praise Him)

Allahummasalli ‘ala Muhammad wa Ali Muhammad( O Allah! Send Your blessings on Muhammad and his progeny).  Then he standsupand It is recommended to say Allahu Akbar (Allah is Great)

By this, the first Riqaat (An individual unit of salaah)ends . In the second  Riqaat, he does the same thing.

He recites Surat Al-Fatiha , followed by another Surat or parts of a Surah .

Then it is recommended to recite Qounout before bowing and say, as an examle: Allahummasalli ‘ala Muhammad wa Ali Muhammad. RabanaAtina fi DuniaHasanawa fi AkhiratiHasanaWaqinaAzabaAnnar(Our Lord, grant us the good of this world and that of the Hereafter and save us from the torture of hell..)WaadkhilnaAl-Janna ,BirahmatikaYaArhamaRahimeen.(and let us enter heaven by Your Mercy. O Most Merciful )Sala allahu ala Sayyedina Muhammad wa ala AllihiAtaibienaAtahireen(O Allah! Send Your blessings on Muhammad and his progeny).Allahu Akbar (Allah is Great)Then he performs Ruku and Sujud .After the second Sujud , he performs Tashahud which is an important part of the prayer . He says: Ashhadu an la IllahaillaAllah  Wahdahu la Sharikalah , (I testify that there is no god  except the Almighty Allah, Who is One and has no partner)WaAshhaduanna Muhammadan 'abduhuwaRasuluh (And I testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger).

Allahummasalli 'ala Muhammadinwa Ali Muhammad. (O Allah! Send Your blessings on Muhammad and his progeny).

Wataqqabalshafa'atahuwarfa' darajatahu (And accept his intercession, and raise his rank).

.Then he stands up and it is recommended to say while he is standing: BihawlillahiAqoumuwaAkaoud.(I stand and sit with the help and strength of Allah)

 In the third Riqaat, he recites Atassbihaat as follows: SubhanaAllah, WalhamduLillahwaIlahaillallahwaAllahu Akbar (Glory be to Allah, there is no , god save Allah, , and Allah is Great)[it is recommended to repeat them  three times inaudibly]. Then he performs Ruku and Sujud, and stands up for the fourth Riqaat. He recites the Tassbihaat,then he performs Ruku and Sujud which would be followed  byTashahud  and Tasleem as follows:Al Hamdulillah, Ash hadu an la ilahaillallahuwahdahu la sharikalah (All praise is for Allah, and I testify that there is none worth worshipping except the Almighty Allah, Who is One and has no partner).

WaAshhaduanna Muhammadan 'abduhuwaRasuluh (And I testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger).

Allahummasalli 'ala Muhammadinwa Ali Muhammad. (O Allah! Send Your blessings on Muhammad and his progeny).

Assalamu 'alaykaayyuhanNabiyyuwarahmatullahiwabarakatuh, (O Prophet! Allah's peace, blessings and grace be upon you!) Assalamu 'alaynawa 'ala 'ibadillahissalihin, (Allah's peace be on us, those offering prayers - and upon all pious servants of Allah)Assalamu 'alaykumwarahmatullahiwabarakatuh (Allah's peace, blessings and grace be on you believers).

With this the prayer ends and it is recommended to add:Allahu Akbar,Allahu Akbar,Allahu Akbar.

Lastly, the prayer is divided into three kinds:

1: Assubhprayer which is composed of two Riqaats.

2AdduhrWalAsrwalIshaprayers whichare composed of four Riqaats. (same as this one)

3Almaghrib prayer which is composed of three Riqaats.It is the same as this prayer , but the Tashahud and Tasleem are recited after the  third Riqaat.

Important remarks:

- in the two Adduhr prayers the Fatiha and the Surah are recited inaudibly While in Subh and the two Isha prayers the man recites them audibly while the woman can choose .

- As for the Tasbihat in the third and fourth Riqaats,the are recited inaudibly.

-The texts in blue are recommended.

-In prayer the recitations and the  Azkar /Tassbihaat should be made in Arabic and  pronounced in the standard and correct way according to URF (norms).

Foreigners should lean to learn to read Arabic correctly. Nevertheless, it is enough for one who is unable to do that to pronounce the words as good as he can. It is more likely for him to pray behind an Imam, although this is not mandatory.

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