Communiqués > Saturday, May 27, 2017 is the first of the month of Ramadan 1438 H.
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Saturday, May 27, 2017 is the first of the month of Ramadan 1438 H.

Date: 16/05/2017 A.D 20/08/1438 H

Translated by: Manal Samhat

The Juristic Office at the Institution of the late Religious Authority, His Eminence, Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadlullah (ra) issued a statement in which it declared that Saturday, May 27, 2017 is the first of the month of Ramadan 1438 H., according to the jurisprudential opinion of the late Religious Authority, His Eminence, Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadlullah (ra).

Following is the text of the statement:

The new crescent (central conjunction) for the month of Ramadan 1438 H. will be born on Thursday, May 25, 2017 A.D. at 19:44 p.m. (GMT) that is, at 22:44 p.m. Beirut time. On the evening of this day (Thursday), the crescent cannot be sighted, neither by the naked eye, nor by the aid of telescopes in any region in the world. Hence, Friday marks the thirtieth of the month of Shaaban, and Saturday, May 27, is the first of the month of Ramadan in the eastern and western hemispheres.

On the evening of Friday (Saturday eve), the crescent can be sighted by the naked eye easily in North America, South America and most of the regions of Africa, as shown in image (2)[1]. It can also be sighted by the naked eye, provided that the sky is clear, in some of our Arab and Muslim countries, and by the aid of telescopes in some others, as shown in image (2) as well.

We congratulate the Muslims on the beginning of this generous month flourished with mercy, forgiveness and spirituality. We invoke Allah, the Most Exalted, to bring about all the good, blessings and mercy to all Muslims and grant them all what is necessary to preserve their dignity and steadfastness, and to guide them to what makes unity and peace prevail, He is All-Hearing and Responsive.

[1] It is impossible to sight the crescent in the red-zone regions, due to the fact that the crescent sets before the sun does or/and due to the occurrence of topocentric (surface) conjunction after sunset.

- The sighting of the crescent is only possible by the aid of telescopes in the regions situated in the blue zone.

- The sighting is possible by the aid of telescopes in the regions situated in the pink zone, and it is possible to sight it by the naked eye in case the sky was clear and it was detected by a professional detector.

- The sighting is possible by the naked eye in the regions situated in the green zone.

- The sighting is not possible, neither by the naked eye, nor by the aid of telescopes in the regions situated in the uncolored zone, although the crescent sets after sunset and topocentric conjunction happens before sunset, due to the lack in the crescent’s lighting and/or due to its closeness to the horizon.

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