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Fearing Allah and believing in His Mercy

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, 20th of June 2008 A.D., 16 Jamadi'II 1429 H., several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer. 

The First Sermon

Forbidding the soul from low desires

Allah, The Most Exalted, says in His Glorious Book:

Then as form him who is inordinate, And has preferred the life of this world. The Abode will belittle fire. And as for him who fears to stand in the presence of his Lord and forbids the soul from low desires. Their abode will be the garden. He also says: Is one who worships devoutly during the hour of the night prostrating himself or standing (in adoration), who takes heed of the Hereafter, and who places his hope in the Mercy of his Lord - (like one who does not)? Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition.

The Quran and the honourable traditions emphasize that man has to envisage Allah's Greatness, so that he will fear Him, as he fears any great man whom he thinks that his life and fate are in his hands.

Thus, he would fear the consequences if he disobeys Him or deviate from the path He has drawn to him. the Holy Quran says: And they have not honored Allah with the honor that is due to Him; and the whole earth shall be in His grip on the day of resurrection and the heavens rolled up in His right hand; glory be to Him, and may He be exalted above what they associate (with Him).He is the creator of the heavens and the earth as well as the entire universe. He has authority over all of His servants and He is capable of everything.

Thus, man ought to think of Allah's position as a God and a Lord and as worthy of being worshipped and obeyed. The Holy Quran has talked about all this and summarized the issue of one's fate by being either Hell or Heaven. Allah says: Then as form him who is inordinate, And has preferred the life of this world. The Abode will belittle fire. By being inordinate it is meant he who transgresses all bounds, regarding his commitment to his belief in Allah and obeying Him, and only thought about this world, thinking of the power and position he would reach in an act of arrogance and conceit. On the other hand, he does not think about the Hereafter or prepare for it, where would this lead him? Surely it would lead him to Hell.

But those who fear to stand before their lord and "forbid the soul from low desires" ...Those who envisage Allah's greatness, the One and Only, the Merciful, the Lord of the worlds... Those whom this knowledge will lead them to the fear of Allah's punishment… Those when their desires tempt them to deviate, they will struggle against these desires and suppress them… Those who restrain their souls from lust, obeying Allah and seeking His satisfaction, their abode will be the Garden.

The worshiping believer

Allah, The Most Exalted, tells us about some of the worshipping believers when He says: Is one who worships devoutly during the hours of the night prostrating or standing, those who pray at night while others are sleeping, feeling the glory of Allah and recounting themselves to abide by His orders – who take head of the Hereafter – thinking about how is he going to prepare for it and how he will get closer to Allah-. and who places his hope in the Mercy of his Lord - (like one who does not)? Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know". It is natural that the knowledgeable is better than the ignorant.

Allah says to the callers that uphold the responsibility of the Message in all ages that they have to fear Him and not be neutral and indifferent towards those who choose to follow the path of evil and religious, social and political deviation. He tells them that they should fear Allah and not "fear anyone but Allah, And Allah is sufficient to take account".

He also says that they should be "fighting in the way of Allah, and shall not fear the blame of any blamer never afraid of accusation of deviation".

The Messenger says: In this world, man is between two dreaded things, his past life which he does not know what Allah is going to do with it, how is He going to punish him for his sins or reward him for his good acts, and the remaining part of his life which he does not know how Allah is going to decide on it.

The wise one then makes proper use of his own benefits, fills his worldly life with righteous deeds in preparation for his hereafter and judiciously uses his free time before a time comes when he will be busy. By Him in Whose Hand is my life, there is nothing one can do after the death has come, and there is nothing after the life of this world but Paradise or Hell, meaning that as you choose in this world the house you want to live in, avoiding any dangerous or unsafe place, you have to choose a house in the Hereafter that makes you closer to Allah and to earning His satisfaction.

The lights of both fear and hope

 Imam As-Sadiq says: "My father used to say: Every believing servant has two lights in his heart: the light of fear and the light of hope. If one is weighed against the other they would be equal". Thus, man has to live in a balance between those two fears. His fear should not drive him to despair and his hope should not drive him to indifference.

Explaining the meaning of the fear of standing before the Lord that will lead one to Heaven Imam As-Sadiq  that it  is the fear of someone who knows that Allah sees and  hears him and knows about all his actions, good or evil, a knowledge that will make him abstain from committing any evil.

Prophet Lukman says to his son: Fear Allah in a way that  if you bring Him all the good deeds of the worlds,  you are afraid that He will punish you and have hope in Him as if  that even if  you face Him with all the sins of the worlds, He will forgive you.

Thus, we have to know Allah; a knowledge that will make us afraid from Him and prevent us from disobeying Him. And we ought to have hope in Him in a way that we  never lose hope of His Mercy.

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The American Administration: A biased policy

 

The American Administration enters in the last six remaining months of its term, feeling that it has no time left for making up for the failures it has met in Afghanistan, Iraq, Palestine and Lebanon in which it has failed in establishing a new Middle East leading to the revival of the movement of the resistance and opposition in the Arab and Muslim world in an interactive and live way.

Nevertheless, the US Administration is trying to gather as many cards as possible before it packs and leaves. On the one hand, it tries to pressurize the Iraqis to force them to sign a humiliating treaty that gives its bases a legitimacy that was thwarted by the Iraqi people and the Resistance. On the other hand, it is preparing the environment for a booby-trapped pacification in occupied Palestine that enables the Jewish settlements to expand to all parts of Jerusalem to establish Jerusalem as the eternal capital of the Jewish entity in a plan that seeks to thwart any possibility of founding a viable Palestinian state.

In this context, the enemy has begun to build 40 thousand settlement units in occupied Jerusalem, confiscating additional Palestinians lands and buying some of the church's properties and continuing to dig under the Aqsa Mosque, which threatens its foundations.

It enjoys in all this the support of the American Administration whose Secretary of State has declared that the continuity of settling does not hinder the negotiations, because the Americans want the Palestinians to negotiate over a mirage and not a homeland.

This is how the enemy continues to implement its strategy of confiscating lands and marking time, relying on America's support of both Democratic and Republican parties who are under the influence of the monopolizing companies and the Jewish voters, to the extent that the presidential hopefuls are submitting their credentials to Israel leaving practically nothing for the Palestinians, and not taking into account any of the Arab demands, since the Arabs are not considered a force to be reckoned with, while the only thing the Secretary General of the Arab League can do is the protest verbally;  a protest that can not change the status quo with all the illusions of resorting to the international legitimacy.

The EU: Absolute support to Israel

On another level, the foreign Ministers of the European Union have issued a communiqué declaring the EU readiness to establish a partnership with Israel but without setting a date to avoid angering some Arab states, but they did not stipulate any conditions Israel should comply with. Such a relationship is closer to that of the USA with the Jewish state, since it  avoids establishing any close partnership with any Arab states although the EU's interests is closely associated with these countries. They have grown accustomed to the Arab weakness to yielding to Israel. That is why they have ignored the Road Map, the siege of Gaza and the Israeli massacres as well as the Israeli occupation of Palestine. These European Administrations do not respect the Arab Humanism but only of the Jews.

They also do not protest against the Israeli nuclear arsenal, which threatens the entire region, while they continue to attack the Iranian peaceful nuclear project that they have no proof that it is turning into a military one.

America and the European states do not abide by the moral standards or human values; rather they pursue their strategic interests. In this respect, we were interested in the Pope's statement that thanks President Bush for supporting and abiding by the moral values, although he has filled the world with wars and killings, and that there has never been an American President who has ignored all human values more than he did. We wonder how does the Pope explain his statement.

Lebanon: Instigating dangerous political and sectarian tensions

In Lebanon, everybody is preoccupied with forming the cabinet and acquiring the portfolios they want, as if each minister could run his ministry in a way that serves his interests away from the Parliament, the cabinet and the Republic.

Meanwhile, the people are engaged completely in the statements of the politicians, without voicing their protest against the crisis of power, water and communications which has become an issue of bargaining between the officials who are responsible for everything except the people.

Some wonder whether those who considered the Doha agreement a truce implying that it is very difficult for the Lebanese to reach an understanding… those who are trying to prepare for the elections by turning it into a battle for defending the sects or the leaders through inciting sectarian strife… are behind the sectarian tensions, especially that many no longer try to investigate if the rumours they hear are true  , but rather jump into emotional conclusions that further expands the fire in one place or another.

In any case, all political, security and religious positions have to shoulder the responsibilities towards the security tensions that have become a threat to the poor people, as a result of political tensions, fanaticisms or Takfiri mentalities, before the temple falls on the heads of all people.

Furthermore, these tensions affect in the first place the poor and the downtrodden, while it benefits the leaders who use it in their political or electoral wars, while the people's conditions only get worse. This indicates the level of political naivety that had become another characteristic of the Lebanese is this odd and strange country. 

 

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