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Ali, the Symbol of Purity and Piety of all Times

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, 18th of July 2008 A.D., 15 Rajab 1429 H., several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

The First Sermon 

Ali's Birth:

Ali was born in Allah's house in the Kabah Al-Musharafah, where no one before him or after him was born. He also was martyred in a house of Allah, for he considered his entire life as a house of Allah in which all Allah's creations seek to worship and obey Him. He sought to please Allah, The Most Exalted, in everything he said or did, especially in his struggle for the cause of Allah. He used to tell the people: "You and I do not seek the same aims. I want you for Allah and you want me for yourselves.” My message is to open the minds of people on the oneness of Allah to remove any assuming partnerships to Him in worship and obedience and to let piety be the basis of man's movement before Allah.

He sold himself to God leaving nothing for himself. Quranic interpreters believe that the Ayah “And there is the type of man who gives his life to earn the pleasure of Allah: And Allah is full of kindness to (His) devotees” was talking about him, for he lived all his life with Allah as a lover who cannot wait to meet his beloved one.    

We read in the supplication he taught to Kumail. Therefore, (my Lord!) if Thou wilt subject me to the penalties (of hell) in company of Thy enemies and cast me with those who merited Thy punishments and tear me apart from Thy friends and those who will be near to Thee, then my God, my Lord and my Master, though I may patiently bear Thy punishments, how can I calmly accept being kept away from Thee?

I reckon that though I may patiently endure the scorching fire of Thy hell, yet how can I resign myself to the denial of Thy pity and clemency? How can I remain in the fire while I have hopes of Thy forgiveness?

 His heart was fall of love of Allah and His Messenger. And this is what the Messenger said in the battle of Al-Khandak: "I will give the banner tomorrow to a man who loves Allah and His Messenger and whom Allah and His Messenger love." His love for Allah occupied his heart and mind, to the extent that when he opened the Door of Khaiber that needs 70 persons to move he said: I did do not open the Door of Khaibar by a physical strength but a Divine one.

It is that love and loyalty to Allah that made him struggle heroically for His cause.

Ali's Traits

It is reported  that after Ali (a.s.) died, Muawiyah bin Abu Sufyan said to Dirar bin Ghamrah," Describe Ali to me." "Will you not excuse me from answering you," said Dirar. "No, describe him," insisted Muawiyah "Please, excuse me from doing so," said Dirar. "I will not," said Muawiyah. "I will do so, then," said Dirar with a sigh. "By Allah, he was far-sighted and very strong. He spoke with a truthful finality, so that, through him, truth became distinguished from falsehood. He ruled justly, and knowledge gushed forth from him, as did wisdom. He felt an aversion to the world and its (pleasures), and felt a likeness for the holiness of the night. Since believers in the night would draw away from (their) beds, they call upon their Lord in fear and in hope, and they spend (benevolently) out of what We have given them. By Allah, he would cry profusely (from the fear of Allah); long durations would he spend in contemplation, during which time he would converse with his soul (thinking about what draws him closer to Allah and benefit people).

 He showed a liking (for religious reasons, of course; to train his soul to be patient and tolerant) to coarse garments and lower quality food. By Allah, it was as if - in his humbleness - he was one of us (He was so humble that he did not have any advantages, just as Muhammad was, whom those who came to see him while sitting with his companions had to ask: which of you is Muhammad): when we asked him a question, he would answer us; (for he believed it was the duty of the knowledgeable to  spread his knowledge) when we would go to him, he would initiate (the greetings of peace); and when we would invite him (to our homes), he would come to us. Yet, in spite of his closeness to us, we would not speak (freely) with him, because of the dignity and honour that he exuded if he smiled, he revealed the likes of straight and regular pearls (i.e. his teeth). He honored religious people and loved the poor. The strong person could not hope to gain favors from him through falsehood. And the weak person never lost hope of his justness. I swear, by Allah, that on certain occasions, I saw him in his place of prayer when the night was dark and few stars could be seen; he would be holding his beard and crying the way a very sad person cries; and I would hear him saying, "O world, O world, are you offering yourself to me? Do you desire me? Never! Never! Deceive someone other than me. I have divorced you for the third time, so that you cannot return to me. O world, your life is short, the existence you offer is base, and your danger is great. Alas for the paucity of sustenance (i.e. good deeds), the great distance of the journey, and the loneliness of the road!"

Upon hearing this description, Muawiyah's eyes swelled with tears, and not being able to hold them from gushing forth, he was forced to wipe them with his cuffs; and the same can be said for those who were present. Muawaiyah then said, "May Allah have mercy on the father of Al Hasan, for he was, by Allah, just as you described him to be." He then said, "O Dirar, describe your sadness at having lost him."

"My sadness," began Dirar, "is like the sadness of a woman who cannot control her tears or allay her grief after her child, while in her lap, has just been slaughtered." Dirar then stood up and left.

Ali is Muhammad's Soul mate

Ali (a.s.) tells us about his teacher Muhammad (p.), the one who raised him as a child, to help Ali's father overcome his financial difficulties. He says: You know how close I was to the Messenger… He put me in his lap and hugged me, and made me sleep in his bed, touch his body and smell his beautiful smell. He used to chew the food and give it to me to eat. He never found me tell any lie or do a wrong deed… I was always with him, following him as a baby camel following its mother, teaching me a new moral everyday, and order me to follow his lead. He used to go each year to the cause of Hiva, where I would be the only one to see him. In those days not one house had in it three people who met on Islam, except that of the Messenger (p.) which embraced  the Messenger of Allah, Khadija and me." During prayers Ali (a.s.) used to stand beside him where Khadija stood behind. He used to see the light of the revelation and the Message and smell the scent of Prophethood ".

That is why the Messenger told him: "You are my brother in this life and in the Hereafter. He also said: I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate".

And when he left the Medina and did not take him to the battle of Tabouk, as he used to in all battles, the Messenger (p.) told him: Don't you accept that you are to me as Haroun was to Musa, except that there is no prophet after me".

And since he held the responsibility of educating people, he used to say: "Ask me, By Allah you will not ask me about any Ayah from the Book of Allah that I will not tell you when and where it was revealed…". When Aisha was asked about Ali (a.s.) she said: "I have never seen a man whom the Messenger (p.) loves more than him nor a woman whom the Messenger(p.) loves more than his wife.

On the day of Ghadir, the Prophet (p.) gathered the people on their way back from the Farewell Pilgrimage and said: Do I not have more right over the believers than what they have over themselves?". He repeated it three times and the people cried and answered: "Yes, O' Messenger of God." Then the Prophet (P,) held up the hand of Ali and said: "Whoever I am his leader (Mawla), Ali is his leader (Mawla). O' God, love those who love him, and be hostile to those who are hostile to him, and turn the right with him wherever he turns.

Um Salma is reported to have said: I heard the Messenger (p.) say: Ali (a.s.) is with the Quran and the Quran is with Ali (a.s.) and these two shall never separate from each other until they return to me at the Hawd (the pool of Kawthar).

He also advised the believers to seek to attain five things: I recommend five things to you, the attainment of which will be worth any amount of hardship: Not to expect anything from anyone but from God; not to fear anything but your sins; not to be ashamed to say, ‘I do not know’, when asked about something you are not aware of; not to be ashamed of learning a thing you do not know. Ever preserve the virtue of patience, for patience in relation to 'belief (Faith) is like the head in relation to the body. And there is no good in a body which has no head, neither in 'belief which has no patience.

 Asked about the good, he said: "Good does not mean

to have big wealth and many children, but to have many

good-deeds and much clemency. There is no good in the life of

this world but for two men: a man who has committed so many

evil deeds and who had turned to Allah in repentance and a man who hastens to perform good works."

Champion of Islamic unity

Ali who gave Islam all his courage and heroism to the extent that the Messenger described him as the entire faith that was to fight the entire unbelief, when he went out to fight Amro bin Abd Wid…  Even when this great man was denied his right after the death of the Prophet, he upheld his responsibility towards Islam and chose to cooperate with those who came before him safeguarding Islamic unity.” But when I heard that there were people who wish to destroy Islam, I was afraid that if I do not support Islam even if I were denied my rights, there will be a catastrophe that is far greater than assuming the post of ruling, which is something very trivial that will last for a few days and then disappear like clouds, I had to act until the falsehood was defeated. Being responsible for Islam whether he was a caliph or not he used to say: I will keep the peace as long as the affairs of Muslims are secure and injustice falls only on me. He also used to ask the Muslims not to curse those whom they differ with saying: I detest committing such acts as cursing. Instead if you describe the situation and comment on their actions showing how they went wrong, it would be more correct… Instead of cursing them you should say: O lord, preserve our blood (life) and theirs, and reconcile us, and guide them out of their falsehood, so that those who are ignorant of the right would know it, and those who aggress and wrong will refrain from such acts.

Ali (a.s.) was the champion of the cause of Islamic unity both in theory and practice, we, as his followers, have to work for the Muslim unity in which Muslim meet on the Islamic basic theological principles, while going back to Allah and His Messenger in what they differ on.

Ali was with the right and the right was with Ali (a.s.). We too have to be with the right and with Ali.

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

The Resistance: A civilized way to conduct the struggle

The image of the Arab and Muslim worlds swings between two contradictory positions: The first is that of the Resistance that has imposed itself and created the power of change, while the other is a defeated, silent and disgraceful position that hopes only that the whipper would reduce the number of his slashes.

The first position envisages the Lebanese dignified people and these honourable and giving resistance, which represents the cream of all previous Arab and Muslim resistances against oppression and occupation, presenting a model in political and militant action that the regimes not only refuse to follow, but try to thwart, and prevent their peoples from being affected by it.

In the exchange operation, the Resistance was able not only to prove its credibility and necessity, but also to force the enemy to back off and withdraw its nos, giving a different picture of its state; one that is closer to those of the Arab regimes that turned its "nos" to disgraceful "Yeses".

Thus, the entire world is witnessing these days how the Resistance was able to defeat these called Israeli "invincible" army, forcing it to release the prisoners it has vowed never to.

On the other hand, what did the Arab moderates, that are allied with America, and had reconciled with Israel, achieve? They have responded favourably to the enemy's demands and clung to the "Road Map" that gave priority to disarming the Resistance. They also rushed to Annapolis to emphasize that the American plan is their only reference and that America is the one who should implement it. In the meantime, the enemy has renounced all its commitments and continued its settlement expansion and confiscation of Palestinian lands as well as its killings and detentions.

They also continue to adhere to the concepts of the Jewish state and prepare to expel the 1948 Arabs out of their land.

On the other hand, they did not release thousands of the Palestinian detainees or gave the Palestinians anything they can benefit from.

 This historic achievement the Resistance has accomplished represents yet another message of inspiration to the Arab youth to take its place and stand with the Resistance and confront Israel and those who support it.

We are beginning to hear sometimes implicitly but rather explicitly at others that the Resistance has done its job and what remains is to implement the international resolutions. We do not know why those people are rushing to answer the questions Israel is raising. Have the international resolutions became a bible or a Quran that could not be questioned?  Were they not passed to promote the interests of Israel in the first and only place?

We say to them: Take it easy! For what the Lebanese are formulating today, through their dialogue and unity, is more sacred and important than all these resolutions which were the main cause of the country's fragmentation and loss.

America's violation of human rights

On another level, the prosecutor for the International Criminal Court decided to indict and arrest the Sundance President which is an unprecedented step in the history of international relations and international law. It is a gross aggression against the sovereignty independence and stability of Sudan, that is taking place in the midst of an Arab weak position that tempts the others to broaden the offensive against the nation and target its states one after the other. The Arab League called for an urgent meeting, but set it a week later which indicates that it will deal with it in the usual slackening and farcical way.

We call on the Arab and Muslim peoples to voice their objection to this provocation and encroachment that aim at fragmenting our countries even more than it is already fragmented, and enable the arrogant powers through the anarchy it creates to penetrate them on all levels whether political, economic or security.

We ask: Where is the International Criminal Court when it comes to the genocide the Palestinians are subjected to or to the crimes of the American President and his occupation forces in Iraq and Afghanistan?

It seems that the issue of justice is recalled only in the face of Arabs and Muslims to serve as a cover to American or Western and even Israeli projects.

We would also like to stop at the Paris Conference whose communiqué tried to emphasize the legitimacy of the Zionist Entity as a nation state, suggesting that there is a Jewish nation that is living on its lands. The truth is that the entire world knows how the Zionist gangs supported by West has driven the Palestinian people out of their lands to establish an entity that gathered the Jews of the world who continue to commit massacres against the Palestinians as well as their settlement activities without any objection from the West except some shy words which imply a tacit acceptance of this gradual annexation of the Palestinian lands in the West Bank.

We would like to record that this conference has ignored the unalienable rights of the Palestinian people, and that they have even ignored the international resolutions that call for a sovereign Palestinian state in spite of the fact that the state of the Arab World lures the holders of such a conference to ignore the Arab rights and causes especially that some Arab countries are trying to prevent others from breaking the international siege imposed on them.

A free and independent Lebanon

In Lebanon, we want the new ministers to consider their positions as a responsibility to be assumed and not as a distinguishing honour. If they are talking about a national unity government, then they should show commitment to national unity, so as all personal sectarian ambitions would give way to the bigger ambition of building an independent and free country whose citizens join hands to build their country on all political and economic levels to enable it to hold its distinguished civilized position.

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