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The Independence of the Mind in Islam

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

The Religious Authority H.E. Sayyed M. H. Fadlullah delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, 18th April 2008 A.D., 12 Rabi'II 1429 H., several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumu’a prayer.

The First Sermon

One of the educational principles that Allah, The Most Exalted, wanted us to abide by is having an independent reasoning. He has created for man an independent mind and a responsible personality that He wished that we ought never let it be run by others. Instead we should study whatever we are supposed to believe in and only then we will be convinced or not convinced of.

That is because we will be held accountable for our thoughts and beliefs when we stand before Allah, The Most Exalted,Who will ask us about the principles we relied on to reach our conclusions, and our options.

The Glorious Quran has talked about this issue in several verses emphasisingthat every person or individual will be responsible for what he has done and not any one else. This is what we read in An-Najm Surah And that man shall have nothing but what he strives for. That (the fruit of) his striving will soon come in sight: (53:39). No one else no matter how close to you, even your father or your son ,will hold the responsibilities of your actionsWhen those who were followed shall renounce those who followed (them), and they see the chastisement and their ties are cut asunder. And those who followed would say: "If only We had one more chance, We would clear ourselves of them, as they have cleared themselves of us." Thus will Allah show them (The fruits of) their deeds as (nothing but) regrets. Nor will there be a way for them out of the Fire. It is reported that when the Prophet was on his deathbed, he was accompanied by his uncle Al-Abbass bin Abdul Mutalib, His aunt, Safiah and his daughter, Fatima Al-Zahra (a.s). He turned to each of them calling him /her by name and saying: “Do good for the sake of Allah, for I can do nothing for you”, even if it were Fatima (a.s), his daughter. That is why Imam Ali (a.s) said: “Muhammad (p)’s friend is he who obeys Allah even if he is not related to him, while Muhammad’s enemy is he who disobeys Allah even if he is a close relative.”

In this context Allah tells us about some of the unbelievers who has asked some of the Muslims to deviate, promising that they well hold their responsibilityAnd those who disbelieve say to those who believe: Follow our path and we will bear your wrongs. And never shall they be the bearers of any of their wrongs; most surely they are liars.

They will bear their own burdens, and (other) burdens along with their own, and on the Day of Judgments they will be called to account for their falsehoods. (29-12-13).

The Followers and the Leaders

Allah has talked about the relationship between the followers and the leaders, when he talked about the followers who close their eyes, when he said in Al-Bqara – Surah.When those who were followed (the leaders and the tyrants) renounce those who followed (them), and they see the chastisement and their ties are cut asunder.And those who followed would say: "If only We had one more chance, We would clear ourselves of them, as they have cleared themselves of us." Thus will Allah show them (The fruits of) their deeds as (nothing but) regrets. Nor will there be a way for them out of the Fire

In another scene, Allah says

They will all be marshaled(the followers and the followed) before Allah together: then will the weak say to those who were arrogant, "For us, we but followed you; can ye then avail us to all against the wrath of Allah?" (Take even a little bitof the punishment since we were fighting for your power and authority) They will reply, "If we had received the Guidance of Allah, we should have given it to you: to us it makes no difference (now) whether we rage, or bear (these torments) with patience: for ourselves there is no way of escape." (They would then refer them to Satan, but Satan is witty and is an expert in deceit)And Satan will say when the matter is decided: "It was Allah Who gave you a promise of Truth: I too promised, but I failed in my promise to you. I had no authority over you except to call you but ye listened to me ( you listened to your politicians): then reproach not me, but reproach your own souls (because it was my job to lie to you and because Allah has given you the mind and has sent you the messages , but you chose to listen to me). I cannot listen to your cries, nor can ye listen to mine. I reject your former act in associating me with Allah. For wrong-doers there must be a grievous penalty."

In another verse Allah says: And on the day when He will call them and say: Where are those whom you deemed to be My associates?

Those against whom the charge will be proved, will say: "Our Lord! These are the ones whom we led astray: we led them astray, as we were astray ourselves: it will be said (to them): "Call upon your 'partners' (for help)" :they will call upon them, but they will not listen to them; and they will see the Penalty (before them); (how they will wish) 'if only they had been open to guidance!

The dialogue between the oppressed and the oppressors:

Those who were reckoned weak (who have wronged themselves by unbelieving and committing sins) shall say to those who were proud: Had it not been for you we would certainly have been believers. (You have led us astray, and thus you are responsible for our mistakes) The arrogant will say to those who had been despised: "Was it we who kept you back from Guidance after it reached you? Nay, rather, it was ye who transgressed. (Why do not you hold the responsibility of your actions, since you have mind and messengers were sent to you)

Those who had been despised will say to the arrogant ones: "Nay! it was a plot (of yours) by day and by night: Behold! Ye (constantly) ordered us to be ungrateful to Allah and to attribute equals to Him!" They will declare (their) repentance when they see the Penalty(but it will be too late): We shall put yokes on the necks of the Unbelievers: It would only be a requital for their (ill) Deeds. 

Thus man has to bear the responsibility of himself as an individual. He has to think about the time he will stand before Allah, The Most Exalted, when he is held responsible.“But stop them, for they must be asked” “(It will be) the Day when no soul shall have power (to do) aught for another: For the command, that Day, will be (wholly) with Allah.

Allah wants man to keep his mind independent and not controlled by any other human being. The mind is the gift that Allah has given us. It is a gift that enables us to distinguish right from wrong and consequently, make us responsible for our actions before Allah Who will hold each of us accountable on an individual basis, on the day that no children or money will do one any good. The only thing that will matter is one’s deeds.

The Second Sermon

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

Israel's land and space: Violations of Arab capitals

American and Israeli officials roam the Arab and Muslim capitals, just as their planes continue to fly over these capitals, from Afghanistan to Iraq to Lebanon, as well as other countries, including occupied Palestine.

Moreover, a month before the Zionist Entity is scheduled to celebrate the anniversary ofits establishment, at the expense of the Palestinian people, Israeli officials meet regularly with the Arab officials. They take part in seminars and appear in the various media outlets with all what that means on the level of despising the Palestinian people and ignoring their rights… and even dancing on their daily tragedy of killing besiege, and starving to push them to surrender.

The meetings between the president of the Palestinian Authority and the enemy's prime minister are also continuing without yielding any results even at the level of reducing the sufferings of the Palestinian people, let alone the political issues. Thus, these meetings only serve to mark time while Israel meanwhile continues to execute its strategy and enables the conservative American Administration to continue to win the support of the Jewish Lobby in the United States.

The Enemy's foreign Minister, who was a guest in the Dawha forum, tried to draw a strategy for the Arabs that calls on them to ignore their past, present and future and join an Arab-Israeli front to confront Iran. This front aims at reaching a political and security understanding that aims at confronting what it calls the "Iranian threat". In contrast, a recent Arab public opinion survey has shown that most of the Arabs view Israel as an enemy, and do not consider Iran as a threat or a danger.

We could only notice that there is a horrific decline in the Arab official positions, that coincides with the escalation of the resistance movement against the American and Israeli occupation. We also notice an increased American pressure on the Arab regimes to force them to move away from Iran and closer to the Zionist entity, to change the balance the Americans think that it tilted in favour of the Resistance, after the Israeli defeat in July 2006, the American impasse in Iraq and the last battle of Gaza.

The American Policy towards Iran

The problem of Iran in America's and Israel's view lies in the fact that it is open up or the Resistance movements in Lebanon, Palestine and Iran, in addition to opening up on the Arab world seeking friendship and political and economic cooperation in defending the security of the Gulf.

What America wants from Iran is to join the axis that is hostile to the causes of the nation, and open up on America and Israel. It also wants it to remain a third world country, and not think about modernizing its economy, or utilizing scientific advancements, like nuclear power, for peaceful economic purposes. That is why, many of the Arab regimes are asked to threaten Iran with sectarian strife or open up on its enemy and theirs to intimidate Iran at a time the Americans are pressurizing Iran to negotiate with them over the Iraqi situation.

We say to the Arabs that are speeding up to meet with the Zionists that they have to take it easy.

If you do not care about the wishes and aspirations of your people, you have to study the reality around you, to learn that Israel will never stop comitting massacres against the Arabs, whether Palestinians or the Lebanese, the Syrians and the Egyptians… this state can not be a friend to the Arabs except as the wolf is a friend to the lambs. The nuclear Israel can not be the savoir of the Arabs from the supposed threat of an Islamic neighbour who only wishes to cooperate with them in the nuclear peaceful project.

This front the Israeli foreign minister is calling you to join is in itself a great danger that could destroy the Arab and Muslim reality as well as that of the entire region.

At the same time, we would like to warn from the arrogant devastating plots in Iraq, which is being jointly executed by both the MOSAD and the Americans.

In addition, the practice ofthe American planes with their continuous bombing of the innocent civilians is Al-Sadir city, and other places in Iraq is identical to that of the Israeli planes hitting the Palestinians in Gaza, yet nobody accuses them of being terrorists. Then America would hold Iran responsible for the deterioration in Iraq, although everyone knows that the occupation, which created this situation in Iraq, is the one responsible for all the tragedies and catastrophes the Iraqis are suffering from, since it enables it to control the region’s oil wealth and its strategic positions.

Lebanon: Extending the vacuum

In Lebanon, we are met with a new "glad tiding" that America has carried to us, that is that the vacuum in the presidency that is going to stay since” it does not hurt the Americans".She is calling for the extension of term of the Parliament, as an "indication" of the "democracy" that America’s “mission” is to spread in the region.

Thus, we ask the Lebanese, as well as the Arabs in their initiative: has America left them with anything to hide behind? Does anybody suspect that the Americans want the crisis to continue till next year?

We believe that Lebanon is still moving inside an impasse controlled by the American intelligence services and their political administration in order to keep the current crisis complicated, and continue this infertile political debate that tries to put the responsibility on this or that party, while everybody knows that the issue is not a Lebanese but rather a result of American's playing with the Arab situation that is even responsible for the accusations this or that Arab party makes against the other parties.

Thus, Lebanon continues to drown in the vicious circle of consuming talk about the citizen's rights while starvation is killing most of the Lebanese without asking about their religion or political line, leaving a devastated state run by political leaders who only care about themselves, and who see the people as mere numbers that can be used in the political and sectarian incitation game, that ate most of the country and left very little of it.

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